Web Accessibility Web Standards and Regulatory Compliance

ISBN-10: 1590596382
ISBN-13: 9781590596388
Edition: 2006
List price: $49.99 Buy it from $14.94
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Description: The power of the Web lies in the fact that anyone and everyone can access it, and this should also extend to users with disabilities. Accessibility is about making websites accessible to those with aural, visual, or physical disabilities, or rather,  More...

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Book details

List price: $49.99
Copyright year: 2006
Publisher: Apress L. P.
Publication date: 7/24/2006
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 696
Size: 7.50" wide x 5.75" long x 1.50" tall
Weight: 2.486

The power of the Web lies in the fact that anyone and everyone can access it, and this should also extend to users with disabilities. Accessibility is about making websites accessible to those with aural, visual, or physical disabilities, or rather, constructing websites that dont exclude these people from accessing the content or services provided. This isn't difficult to accomplish and doesn't require anything more than your normal tool set-HTML, CSS, JavaScript, Flash, or whatever else. All you need to do is use these tools in the right way, and bear in mind the guidelines that exist to help you keep your websites accessible and the laws that enforce web accessibility around the world. This book gives you all you need to know about web accessibility, whether you are a web designer or developer who wants your sites to be accessible, or a business manager who wants to learn what impact the web accessibility laws have on your websites. After an overview of the accessibility law and guidelines, and a discussion about accessibility and its implementation in the enterprise, the book goes on to show how to implement accessible websites using a combination of concise references and easy-to-follow examples, covering: Understanding assistive technologies Creating accessible content using XHTML, JavaScript, CSS, Flash, and PDFs Testing against WCAG (including 2.0) and Section 508 Retrofitting inaccessible sites where necessary The book concludes with an in-depth analysis of accessibility law around the world. If youre concerned about the legal and moral implications of web accessibility, then this book is perfect for you. It is written by some of the world's experts onaccessibility, leaving you in good hands. Summary of Contents: PART 1: THE IMPACT OF WEB ACCESSIBILITY Chapter 1: Understanding Web Accessibility Chapter 2: Overview of Law and Guidelines Chapter 3: Implementing Accessibility in the Enterprise PART 2: IMPLEMENTING ACCESSIBLE WEBSITES Chapter 4: Overview of Accessible Technologies Chapter 5: Assistive Technology: Screen Readers and Browsers Chapter 6: Accessible Content Chapter 7: Accessible Navigation Chapter 8: Accessible Data Input Chapter 9: CSS for Accessible Web Pages Chapter 10: Accessible JavaScript Chapter 11: Accessible Flash Chapter 12: PDF Accessibility Chapter 13: Accessibility Testing Chapter 14: Introduction to WCAG 2.0 Chapter 15: Retrofitting Case Study: Redesign of a University Website PART 3: ACCESSIBILITY LAW AND POLICY Chapter 16: U.S. Web Accessibility Law in Depth Chapter 17: Worldwide Accessibility Laws and Policies Appendix A: Glossary of Terms Appendix B: Guide to the Section 508 Standards for Electronic and Information Technology Appendix C: Overview of PAS 78 Guide to Good Practice in Commissioning Accessible Websites

Christian Heilmann grew up in Germany and, after a year working with people with disabilities for the red cross, he spent a year as a radio producer. From 1997 he worked for several agencies in Munich as a web developer. In 2000 he moved to the States to work for Etoys and, after the .com crash, he moved to the UK where he currently works as a lead developer for Agilisys. He publishes an almost daily blog at http://wait-till-i.com and runs an article repository at http://icant.co.uk. He is a member of the Web Standards Project's DOM Scripting Task Force.

Jim Thatcher received his Ph.D. from the University of Michigan in 1963, one of the first Ph.D.s in computer science. Together with his thesis advisor, Dr. Jesse Wright, Jim then joined the Mathematical Sciences Department of IBM Research in New York. His research was in the area of mathematical computer science, automata theory, and data abstraction. Jim began moving away from the abstract and toward the practical when he and Dr. Wright, who is blind, began working on access to the personal computer for people who are blind. He developed one of the first screen readers for DOS which, in 1986, became IBM Screen Reader (and the phrase later became generic). After that, he led the development of IBM Screen Reader/2 for OS/2, which was the first screen reader for the graphical user interface on the PC (1991). In 1996, Jim left his research post to join the IBM Accessibility Center (formerly IBM Special Needs Systems which produced Screen Reader, Home page Reader and other assistive technology) in Austin, Texas. He served as vice-chair of the Electronic and Information Technology Access Advisory Committee (EITAAC) which was impaneled by the Access Board to propose standards for Section 508; he chaired the sub-committee on software standards. Jim led the effort to establish the IBM accessibility guidelines specifically for use by IBM's development community. He wrote the course on web accessibility for Section 508 for ITTATC, the Information Technology Technical Assistance and Training Center, which was funded to support Section 508.

Foreword
About the Authors
About the Technical Reviewers
Acknowledgments
Introduction
The Impact of Web Accessibility
Understanding Web Accessibility
What Is Web Accessibility?
Web Accessibility Is Essential for Equal Opportunity
Benefits for People Without Disabilities
Interdependent Components of Web Accessibility
Approaches to Web Accessibility
Harmful Myths About Web Accessibility
Additional Benefits from a Business Perspective
Call to Action
Summary
Overview of Law and Guidelines
Evolution of Public Policy
What Is the Problem?
Complaints Filed Due to Inaccessible Web Design
Development of Accessible Web Design Guidelines and Laws
Summary
Implementing Accessibility in the Enterprise
Why Set Up an Accessibility Organization?
Makeup of the Accessibility Organization
Accessibility Organization Authority
Accessibility Organization Scope, Goals, and Functions
Implementation Approach
Summary
Implementing Accessible Websites
Overview of Accessible Technologies
HTML and XHTML
Cascading Style Sheets (CSS)
JavaScript
Flash
Portable Document Format (PDF)
Synchronized Multimedia Integration Language (SMIL)
QuickTime, Windows Media, and RealPlayer
Scalable Vector Graphics (SVG)
Java
XML and XSL
Summary
Assistive Technology: Screen Readers and Browsers
Screen Readers
Talking and Text-Only Browsers
Screen Magnification
Browser Checks of Website Accessibility
Summary
Accessible Content
Guidelines for Accessible Web Development
Using Text Equivalents for Images
Using Text Equivalents for Audio
Using Color
Creating Accessible Tables
Flicker Issues
Summary
Accessible Navigation
Navigation Considerations
Reading Order
Heading Navigation
Skip Navigation Links
Accessible Frames
Accessible Image Maps
Layout and Navigation
Accessible Links
Summary
Accessible Data Input
Guidelines for Data-Input Forms
Accessible Forms
Mandatory Fields, Errors, and Help for Forms
PDF Forms
Accessibility of Forms for People Who Are Deaf
Timed Responses
Summary
CSS for Accessible Web Pages
How Style Sheets Benefit Accessibility
CSS Basics
Color and Backgrounds
Text and Fonts
Image Replacement Techniques
Layout and Positioning
Alternative Style Sheets
Nonscreen Media
Testing and Validation
Summary
Accessible JavaScript
The JavaScript Saga
Why JavaScript Has a Bad Reputation
JavaScript Considerations
Unobtrusive JavaScript
Accessible Forms and JavaScript
Summary
Accessible Flash
User Requirements
Technical Requirements
Key Concepts for Accessible Flash Design
Flash Accessibility Best Practices
Summary
PDF Accessibility
Accessibility Features in Adobe Reader
Tagged PDFs
Accessibility Repair and Optimization
Accessible PDF Forms
Summary
Accessibility Testing
What Testing Is Possible?
Accessibility Checking Software
The Test File Set and Results
Summary
Introduction to WCAG 2.0
Standards vs. Guidelines
WCAG 2.0 from 50,000 Feet
What's in WCAG 2.0?
Example of Using the WCAG 2.0 Guidelines
WCAG 2.0 Advantages and Concerns
Section 508 and WCAG
Summary
Retrofitting Case Study: Redesign of a University Website
The Original Site
The Redesign
Does the Design Solve the Original Problems?
Problems Along the Way-Lessons Learned
The Implementation of the New Design
Summary
Accessibility Law and Policy
U.S. Web Accessibility Law in Depth
Americans with Disabilities Act and the Internet
Section 255 of the Telecommunications Act of 1996
Electronic and Information Technology Accessibility Standards (Section 508) Overview
Legal Hot Topics for Web Developers and Policy Makers
Summary
Worldwide Accessibility Laws and Policies
Australia
Austria
Belgium
Brazil
Canada
Denmark
European Union
Finland
France
Germany
Hong Kong
Ireland
Italy
Japan
Korea
Luxembourg
The Netherlands
New Zealand
Norway
Portugal
Singapore
Spain
Sweden
Thailand
United Kingdom
Summary
Glossary of Terms
Guide to the Section 508 Standards for Electronic and Information Technology
Overview of PAS 78 Guide to Good Practice in Commissioning Accessible Websites
Index

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