Environmental Chemistry

ISBN-10: 1566706335

ISBN-13: 9781566706339

Edition: 8th 2005 (Revised)

List price: $97.95
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Description: Environmental Chemistry, Eighth Editionbuilds on the same organizational structure validated in previous editions tosystematically develop the principles, tools, and techniques of environmental chemistry to provide students and professionals with a clear understanding of the science and its applications. Revised and updated since the publication of the best-selling Seventh Edition, this text continues to emphasize the major concepts essential to the practice of environmental science, technology, and chemistry while introducing the newest innovations to the field. The author provides clear explanations to important concepts such as the anthrosphere, industrial ecosystems, geochemistry, aquatic chemistry, and atmospheric chemistry, including the study of ozone-depleting chlorofluorocarbons. The subject of industrial chemistry and energy resources is supported by pertinent topics in recycling and hazardous waste. Several chapters review environmental biochemistry and toxicology, and thefinal chapters describe analytical methods for measuring chemical and biological waste. New features in this edition include: enhanced coverage of chemical fate and transport; industrial ecology, particularly how it is integrated with green chemistry; conservation principles and recent accomplishments in sustainable chemical science and technology; a new chapter addressing terrorism and threats to the environment; and the use of real world examples.

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Book details

List price: $97.95
Edition: 8th
Copyright year: 2005
Publisher: CRC Press LLC
Publication date: 8/26/2004
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 816
Size: 7.00" wide x 10.00" long x 1.75" tall
Weight: 3.432
Language: English

Environmental Science, Technology, and Chemistry
What is Environmental Science?
Environmental Chemistry and Environmental Biochemistry
Water, Air, Earth, Life, and Technology
Ecology and the Biosphere
Energy and Cycles of Energy
Matter and Cycles of Matter
Human Impact and Pollution
Technology: The Problems It Poses and the Solutions It Offers
The Anthrosphere, Industrial Ecosystems, and Environmental Chemistry
The Anthrosphere
Technology and the Anthrosphere
Infrastructure
Dwellings
Transportation
Communications
Food and Agriculture
Manufacturing
Effects of the Anthrosphere on Earth
Integration of the Anthrosphere into the Total Environment
The Anthrosphere and Industrial Ecology
Environmental Chemistry
Fundamentals of Aquatic Chemistry
Water Quality and Quantity
The Properties of Water, a Unique Substance
The Characteristics of Bodies of Water
Aquatic Life
Introduction to Aquatic Chemistry
Gases in Water
Water Acidity and Carbon Dioxide in Water
Alkalinity
Calcium and Other Metals in Water
Complexation and Chelation
Bonding and Structure of Metal Complexes
Calculations of Species Concentrations
Complexation by Deprotonated Ligands
Complexation by Protonated Ligands
Solubilization of Lead Ion from Solids by NTA
Polyphosphates in Water
Complexation by Humic Substances
Complexation and Redox Processes
Oxidation-Reduction
The Significance of Oxidation-Reduction Phenomena
The Electron and Redox Reactions
Electron Activity and pE
The Nernst Equation
Reaction Tendency: Whole Reaction from Half-Reactions
The Nernst Equation and Chemical Equilibrium
Reactions in Terms of One Electron-Mole
The Limits of pE in Water
pE Values in Natural Water Systems
pE-pH Diagrams
Corrosion
Phase Interactions
Chemical Interactions Involving Solids, Gases, and Water
Importance and Formation of Sediments
Solubilities
Colloidal Particles in Water
The Colloidal Properties of Clays
Aggregation of Particles
Surface Sorption by Solids
Ion Exchange with Bottom Sediments
Sorption of Gases--Gases in Interstitial Water
Aquatic Microbial Biochemistry
Aquatic Biochemical Processes
Algae
Fungi
Protozoa
Bacteria
The Prokaryotic Bacterial Cell
Kinetics of Bacterial Growth
Bacterial Metabolism
Microbial Transformations of Carbon
Biodegradation of Organic Matter
Microbial Transformations of Nitrogen
Microbial Transformations of Phosphorus and Sulfur
Microbial Transformations of Halogens and Organohalides
Microbial Transformations of Metals and Metalloids
Microbial Corrosion
Water Pollution
Nature and Types of Water Pollutants
Elemental Pollutants
Heavy Metals
Metalloids
Organically Bound Metals and Metalloids
Inorganic Species
Algal Nutrients and Eutrophication
Acidity, Alkalinity, and Salinity
Oxygen, Oxidants, and Reductants
Organic Pollutants
Pesticides in Water
Polychlorinated Biphenyls
Radionuclides in the Aquatic Environment
Water Treatment
Water Treatment and Water Use
Municipal Water Treatment
Treatment of Water for Industrial Use
Sewage Treatment
Industrial Wastewater Treatment
Removal of Solids
Removal of Calcium and Other Metals
Removal of Dissolved Organics
Removal of Dissolved Inorganics
Sludge
Water Disinfection
Natural Water Purification Processes
Water Reuse and Recycling
The Atmosphere and Atmospheric Chemistry
The Atmosphere and Atmospheric Chemistry
Importance of the Atmosphere
Physical Characteristics of the Atmosphere
Energy Transfer in the Atmosphere
Atmospheric Mass Transfer, Meteorology, and Weather
Inversions and Air Pollution
Global Climate and Microclimate
Acid-Base Reactions in the Atmosphere
Reactions of Atmospheric Oxygen
Reactions of Atmospheric Nitrogen
Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide
Atmospheric Water
Particles in the Atmosphere
Particles in the Atmosphere
Physical Behavior of Particles in the Atmosphere
Physical Processes for Particle Formation
Chemical Processes for Particle Formation
The Composition of Inorganic Particles
Toxic Metals
Radioactive Particles
The Composition of Organic Particles
Effects of Particles
Water as Particulate Matter
Control of Particulate Emissions
Gaseous Inorganic Air Pollutants
Inorganic Pollutant Gases
Production and Control of Carbon Monoxide
Fate of Atmospheric CO
Sulfur Dioxide Sources and the Sulfur Cycle
Sulfur Dioxide Reactions in the Atmosphere
Nitrogen Oxides in the Atmosphere
Acid Rain
Ammonia in the Atmosphere
Fluorine, Chlorine, and Their Gaseous Compounds
Hydrogen Sulfide, Carbonyl Sulfide, and Carbon Disulfide
Organic Air Pollutants
Organic Compounds in the Atmosphere
Organic Compounds from Natural Sources
Pollutant Hydrocarbons
Aryl Hydrocarbons
Aldehydes and Ketones
Miscellaneous Oxygen-Containing Compounds
Organohalide Compounds
Organosulfur Compounds
Organonitrogen Compounds
Photochemical Smog
Introduction
Smog-Forming Automotive Emissions
Smog-Forming Reactions of Organic Compounds in the Atmosphere
Overview of Smog Formation
Mechanisms of Smog Formation
Reactivity of Hydrocarbons
Inorganic Products from Smog
Effects of Smog
The Endangered Global Atmosphere
Anthropogenic Change in the Atmosphere
Greenhouse Gases and Global Warming
Acid Rain
Ozone Layer Destruction
Photochemical Smog
Nuclear Winter
What Is to Be Done?
The Geosphere and Geochemistry
Introduction
The Nature of Solids in the Geosphere
Physical Form of the Geosphere
Internal Processes
Surface Processes
Sediments
Clays
Geochemistry
Groundwater in the Geosphere
Environmental Aspects of the Geosphere
Earthquakes
Volcanoes
Surface Earth Movement
Stream and River Phenomena
Phenomena at the Land/Ocean Interface
Phenomena at the Land/Atmosphere Interface
Effects of Ice
Effects of Human Activities
Water Pollution and the Geosphere
Waste Disposal and the Geosphere
Soil Environmental Chemistry
Soil and Agriculture
Nature and Composition of Soil
Acid-Base and Ion Exchange Reactions in Soils
Macronutrients in Soil
Nitrogen, Phosphorus, and Potassium in Soil
Micronutrients in Soil
Fertilizers
Wastes and Pollutants in Soil
Soil Loss and Degradation
Genetic Engineering and Agriculture
Agriculture and Health
Principles of Industrial Ecology
Introduction and History
Industrial Ecosystems
The Five Major Components of an Industrial Ecosystem
Industrial Metabolism
Levels of Materials Utilization
Links to Other Environmental Spheres
Consideration of Environmental Impacts in Industrial Ecology
Three Key Attributes: Energy, Materials, Diversity
Life Cycles: Expanding and Closing the Materials Loop
Life-Cycle Assessment
Consumable, Recyclable, and Service (Durable) Products
Design for Environment
Overview of an Integrated Industrial Ecosystem
The Kalundborg Example
Societal Factors and the Environmental Ethic
Industrial Ecology, Resources, and Energy
Introduction
Minerals in the Geosphere
Extraction and Mining
Metals
Metal Resources and Industrial Ecology
Nonmetal Mineral Resources
Phosphates
Sulfur
Wood--A Major Renewable Resource
The Energy Problem
World Energy Resources
Energy Conservation
Energy Conversion Processes
Petroleum and Natural Gas
What is Environmental Science?
Nuclear Fission Power
Nuclear Fusion Power
Geothermal Energy
The Sun: An Ideal Energy Source
Energy from Biomass
Future Energy Sources
Extending Resources through the Practice of Industrial Ecology
Nature, Sources, and Environmental Chemistry of Hazardous Wastes
Introduction
Classification of Hazardous Substances and Wastes?
Sources of Wastes
Flammable and Combustible Substances
Reactive Substances
Corrosive Substances
Toxic Substances
Physical Forms and Segregation of Wastes
Environmental Chemistry of Hazardous Wastes
Physical and Chemical Properties of Hazardous Wastes
Transport, Effects, and Fates of Hazardous Wastes
Hazardous Wastes and the Anthrosphere
Hazardous Wastes in the Geosphere
Hazardous Wastes in the Hydrosphere
Hazardous Wastes in the Atmosphere
Hazardous Wastes in the Biosphere
Industrial Ecology for Waste Minimization, Utilization, and Treatment
Introduction
Waste Reduction and Minimization
Recycling
Physical Methods of Waste Treatment
Chemical Treatment: An Overview
Photolytic Reactions
Thermal Treatment Methods
Biodegradation of Wastes
Land Treatment and Composting
Preparation of Wastes for Disposal
Ultimate Disposal of Wastes
Leachate and Gas Emissions
In-Situ Treatment
Environmental Biochemistry
Biochemistry
Biochemistry and the Cell
Proteins
Carbohydrates
Lipids
Enzymes
Nucleic Acids
Recombinant DNA and Genetic Engineering
Metabolic Processes
Metabolism of Xenobiotic Compounds
Toxicological Chemistry
Introduction to Toxicology and Toxicological Chemistry
Dose-Response Relationships
Relative Toxicities
Reversibility and Sensitivity
Xenobiotic and Endogenous Substances
Toxicological Chemistry
Kinetic Phase and Dynamic Phase
Teratogenesis, Mutagenesis, Carcinogenesis, and Effects on the Immune and Reproductive Systems
Health Hazards
Toxicological Chemistry of Chemical Substances
Introduction
Toxic Elements and Elemental Forms
Toxic Inorganic Compounds
Toxicology of Organic Compounds
Chemical Analysis of Water and Wastewater
General Aspects of Environmental Chemical Analysis
Classical Methods
Spectrophotometric Methods
Electrochemical Methods of Analysis
Chromatography
Mass Spectrometry
Analysis of Water Samples
Automated Water Analyses
Analysis of Wastes and Solids
Introduction
Sample Digestions
Analyte Isolation for Organics Analysis
Sample Cleanups
Immunoassay Screening of Wastes
Determination of Chelating Agents
Toxicity Characteristic Leaching Procedures
Air and Gas Analysis
Atmospheric Monitoring
Sampling
Methods of Analysis
Determination of Sulfur Dioxide
Nitrogen Oxides
Analysis of Oxidants
Analysis of Carbon Monoxide
Determination of Hydrocarbons and Organics
Analysis of Particulate Matter
Direct Spectrophotometric Analysis of Gaseous Air Pollutants
Analysis of Biological Materials and Xenobiotics
Introduction
Indicators of Exposure to Xenobiotics
Determination of Metals
Determination of Nonmetals and Inorganic Compounds
Determination of Parent Organic Compounds
Measurement of Phase 1 and Phase 2 Reaction Products
Determination of Adducts
The Promise of Immunological Methods
Index
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