Peace Operations Seen from Below Un Missions and Local People

ISBN-10: 1565492242
ISBN-13: 9781565492240
Edition: 2006
List price: $27.50
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Description: "Cambodia, Somalia, Mozambique, Bosnia, Haiti, Sierra Leone - all have been the subject of interventions by armed UN units sent to stabilize societies riven by political and ethnic antagonism." "Apart from anecdotal reportage, little is known or has  More...

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Book details

List price: $27.50
Copyright year: 2006
Publisher: Lynne Rienner Publishers
Publication date: 6/1/2006
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 295
Size: 5.50" wide x 8.25" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 0.880
Language: English

"Cambodia, Somalia, Mozambique, Bosnia, Haiti, Sierra Leone - all have been the subject of interventions by armed UN units sent to stabilize societies riven by political and ethnic antagonism." "Apart from anecdotal reportage, little is known or has been investigated about how local inhabitants in these and other cities interact with and respond to peacekeepers in their midst. Most studies of post-conflict situations focus on political elites, the demobilization of armed groups and the question of whether externally determined criteria for state reconstruction have been met." "In Peace Operations Seen from Below Beatrice Pouligny argues that much of what is being rebuilt in societies emerging from war - or in some cases what is continuing to be destroyed - often lies in the 'ordinary' daily lives of both local populations and the staff of UN missions. These on-the-ground realities are often overlooked by outsiders, yet they may prove to be as important as political negotiations at the 'center', debates in the UN Security Council or hearings before an International Criminal Court." "Central to Pouligny's study is the key role played by local interlocutors. Her close analysis of several UN interventions, based on first hand observation of how local people intermingle with UN soldiery and civilians, sheds light on a neglected but crucial dimension of international peace enforcement."--BOOK JACKET.

Preface
Acknowledgements
Acronyms
Introduction: The United Nations between War and Peace
The New Forms of Peace Operations
Over-ambitious mandates
Peace operations in wartime
Short-term agendas and exit strategies
UN roles in the peace process
International Visions of War and Peace
Consequences of the end of the bipolar order
Cloudy perceptions of conflicts
The naming game: how the 'international community' qualifies a crisis
Local Geography of UN peace operations
Very partial deployments
Variations according to categories of staff
Some methods of deployment may reinforce divisions
The Various Faces of Local Populations
The Sphere of Political, Military and Economic Entrepreneurs
A variety of political interpretations
Shifting alliances between political and military actors
Economic entrepreneurs
Indigenous 'Civil Societies'
Formal social organisations
Community actors
Religious actors: a specific case
'Local' Employees of UN Operations
How to become a UN local employee
Why does one seek a job in a UN mission?
Intermediaries? Informers? Collaborators?
Peacekeepers and Local Societies: the Encounter and its Effects
Different Interpretations of a Peace Operation's Mandate
Representations of 'order' and 'peace'
Sizing up the aims of a United Nations mission
Signals sent during operations by peace missions
'They themselves do not know what their mandate is'
Missions' (in)Capacity to carry out their Mandates
The weight of the word: how the UN is hindered by its member states
Discords in the 'international community' on the ground
Internal divisions within operations: the micro-sociology of UN missions according to local actors
Peacekeepers Lost in Complex Environments
Defects in intelligence service and analysis capacity
The failures of missions' information policies to target local societies
'Intervention' and 'Sovereignty': the View from Below
The History of Relations with the outside World
Figures of Intervention
Factors of Mobilisation against the UN
The aims of anti-UN movements
When peacekeepers become oppressors
Conditions for effective development of mobilisation
Ideas of 'Legitimacy' and 'Impartiality' Redefined by Local Conditions
Strategies of Local Actors
What Local Actors Expect from the UN
UN legitimation
The UN grants access to additional material resources
Compromising the UN: making the mission an ally
The UN as an alibi and a scapegoat
Highly Volatile Balance of Power
Why references to figures of 'spoilers' do not add up
How local actors pressure the UN
Neither 'Indifferent' nor 'Apathetic': Why local communities protect themselves from the Peacekeepers
Forgotten Promises: How the UN Pretends to Achieve Peace
The Limits of Imposed 'Procedural Democracy' in Post-War Societies
The Political Non-Sense of Most Economic Reconstruction Programs
Ambiguities of Peacekeepers' Role in Maintaining 'Law and Order'
The Forgotten Dimensions of 'Justice' and 'Reconciliation' Programs
Conclusion
Select Bibliography
Index

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