Hypersonic and High-Temperature Gas Dynamics

ISBN-10: 1563477807

ISBN-13: 9781563477805

Edition: 2nd 2006

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Description:

This book is the second edition of a successful, self-contained text for those students and readers interested in learning hypersonic flow and high-temperature gas dynamics. Like the first edition, it assumes no prior familiarity with either subject on the part of the reader. This second edition has updated figures and data to complement the presentation and discussion of the fundamentals. New to this edition are educational tools that the author has found successful in previous books, namely the inclusion of: 1) previews of each chapter written in plain language to inform the reader why it is important to read and understand the material in the chapter, to highlight the important aspects, and to stir the reader's passion to consume the chapter: 2) design examples scattered throughout the book to illustrate the application of the fundamentals to the design of hypersonic vehicles and ground test facilities; and 3) roadmaps at the beginning of each chapter to guide the reader comfortably through the material. New subjects discussed include shock-shock interactions, hypersonic waveriders, and aspects of hypersonic propulsion devices--always in light of the fundamentals emphasized in the main part of the book.
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Book details

Edition: 2nd
Copyright year: 2006
Publisher: American Institute of Aeronautics & Astronautics
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 811
Size: 6.25" wide x 9.25" long x 1.50" tall
Weight: 3.388
Language: English

Preface to the Second Edition
Preface to the First Edition
Some Preliminary Thoughts
Hypersonic Flight-Some Historical Firsts
Hypersonic Flow-Why Is It Important?
Hypersonic Flow-What Is It?
Fundamental Sources of Aerodynamic Force and Aerodynamic Heating
Hypersonic Flight Paths: Velocity-Altitude Map
Summary and Outlook
Problems
Inviscid Hypersonic Flow
Hypersonic Shock and Expansion-Wave Relations
Introduction
Basic Hypersonic Shock Relations
Hypersonic Shock Relations in Terms of the Hypersonic Similarity Parameter
Hypersonic Expansion-Wave Relations
Summary and Comments
Problem
Local Surface Inclination Methods
Introduction
Newtonian Flow
Modified Newtonian Law
Centrifugal Force Corrections to Newtonian Theory
Newtonian Theory-What It Really Means
Tangent-Wedge Tangent-Cone Methods
Shock-Expansion Method
Summary and Comments
Problems
Hypersonic Inviscid Flowfields: Approximate Methods
Introduction
Governing Equations
Mach-Number Independence
Hypersonic Small-Disturbance Equations
Hypersonic Similarity
Hypersonic Small-Disturbance Theory: Some Results
Comment on Hypersonic Small-Disturbance Theory
Hypersonic Equivalence Principle and Blast-Wave Theory
Thin Shock-Layer Theory
Summary and Comments
Problems
Hypersonic Inviscid Flowfields: Exact Methods
General Thoughts
Method of Characteristics
Time-Marching Finite Difference Method: Application to the Hypersonic Blunt-Body Problem
Correlations for Hypersonic Shock-Wave Shapes
Shock-Shock Interactions
Space-Marching Finite Difference Method: Additional Solutions of the Euler Equations
Comments on the State of the Art
Summary and Comments
Hypersonic Waveriders-Part 1
Problems
Viscous Hypersonic Flow
Viscous Flow: Basic Aspects, Boundary Layer Results, and Aerodynamic Heating
Introduction
Governing Equations for Viscous Flow: Navier-Stokes Equations
Similarity Parameters and Boundary Conditions
Boundary-Layer Equations for Hypersonic Flow
Hypersonic Boundary-Layer Theory: Self-Similar Solutions
Nonsimilar Hypersonic Boundary Layers
Hypersonic Transition
Hypersonic Turbulent Boundary Layer
Reference Temperature Method
Hypersonic Aerodynamic Heating: Some Comments and Approximate Results Applied to Hypersonic Vehicles
Entropy-Layer Effects on Aerodynamic Heating
Summary and Comments
Hypersonic Waveriders-Part 2
Problems
Hypersonic Viscous Interactions
Introduction
Strong and Weak Viscous Interactions: Definition and Description
Role of [Characters not reproducible] in Hypersonic Viscous Interaction
Other Viscous Interaction Results
Hypersonic Shock-Wave/Boundary-Layer Interactions
Summary and Comments
Hypersonic Waveriders-Part 3
Problems
Computational-Fluid-Dynamic Solutions of Hypersonic Viscous Flows
Introduction
Viscous Shock-Layer Technique
Parabolized Navier-Stokes Solutions
Full Navier-Stokes Solutions
Summary and Comments
High-Temperature Gas Dynamics
High-Temperature Gas Dynamics: Some Introductory Considerations
Importance of High-Temperature Flows
Nature of High-Temperature Flows
Chemical Effects in Air: The Velocity-Altitude Map
Summary and Comments
Some Aspects of the Thermodynamics of Chemically Reacting Gases (Classical Physical Chemistry)
Introduction: Definition of Real Gases and Perfect Gases
Various Forms of the Perfect-Gas Equation of State
Various Descriptions of the Composition of a Gas Mixture
Classification of Gases
First Law of Thermodynamics
Second Law of Thermodynamics
Calculation of Entropy
Gibbs Free Energy and the Entropy Produced by Chemical Nonequilibrium
Composition of Equilibrium Chemically Reacting Mixtures: The Equilibrium Constant
Heat of Reaction
Summary and Comments
Problems
Elements of Statistical Thermodynamics
Introduction
Microscopic Description of Gases
Counting the Number of Microstates for a Given Macrostate
Most Probable Macrostate
Limiting Case: Boltzmann Distribution
Evaluation of Thermodynamic Properties in Terms of the Partition Function
Evaluation of the Partition Function in Terms of T and V
Practical Evaluation of Thermodynamic Properties for a Single Chemical Species
Calculation of the Equilibrium Constant
Chemical Equilibrium-Some Further Comments
Calculation of the Equilibrium Composition for High-Temperature Air
Thermodynamic Properties of an Equilibrium Chemically Reacting Gas
Equilibrium Properties of High-Temperature Air
Summary and Comments
Problems
Elements of Kinetic Theory
Introduction
Perfect-Gas Equation of State (Revisited)
Collision Frequency and Mean Free Path
Velocity and Speed Distribution Functions: Mean Velocities
Summary and Comments
Problems
Chemical and Vibrational Nonequilibrium
Introduction
Vibrational Nonequilibrium: The Vibrational Rate Equation
Chemical Nonequilibrium: The Chemical Rate Equation
Chemical Nonequilibrium in High-Temperature Air
Chemical Nonequilibrium in H[subscript 2]-Air Mixtures
Summary and Comments
Iriviscid High-Temperature Equilibrium Flows
Introduction
Governing Equations for Inviscid High-Temperature Equilibrium Flow
Equilibrium Normal and Oblique Shock-Wave Flows
Equilibrium Quasi-One-Dimensional Nozzle Flows
Frozen and Equilibrium Flows: The Distinction
Equilibrium and Frozen Specific Heats
Equilibrium Speed of Sound
Equilibrium Conical Flow
Equilibrium Blunt-Body Flows
Summary and Comments
Hypersonic Waveriders-Part 4
Problems
Inviscid High-Temperature Nonequilibrium Flows
Introduction
Governing Equations for Inviscid, Nonequilibrium Flows
Nonequilibrium Normal and Oblique Shock-Wave Flows
Nonequilibrium Quasi-One-Dimensional Nozzle Flows
Nonequilibrium Blunt-Body Flows
Binary Scaling
Nonequilibrium Flow over Other Shapes: Nonequilibrium Method of Characteristics
Summary and Comments
Problems
Kinetic Theory Revisited: Transport Properties in High-Temperature Gases
Introduction
Definition of Transport Phenomena
Transport Coefficients
Mechanism of Diffusion
Energy Transport by Thermal Conduction and Diffusion: Total Thermal Conductivity
Transport Properties for High-Temperature Air
Summary and Comments
Viscous High-Temperature Flows
Introduction
Governing Equations for Chemically Reacting Viscous Flow
Alternate Forms of the Energy Equation
Boundary-Layer Equations for a Chemically Reacting Gas
Boundary Conditions: Catalytic Walls
Boundary-Layer Solutions: Stagnation-Point Heat Transfer for a Dissociating Gas
Boundary-Layer Solutions: Nonsimilar Flows
Viscous-Shock-Layer Solutions to Chemically Reacting Flow
Parabolized Navier-Stokes Solutions to Chemically Reacting Flows
Full Navier-Stokes Solutions to Chemically Reacting Flows
Summary and Comments
Problems
Introduction to Radiative Gas Dynamics
Introduction
Definitions of Radiative Transfer in Gases
Radiative-Transfer Equation
Solutions of the Radiative-Transfer Equation: Transparent Gas
Solutions of the Radiative-Transfer Equation: Absorbing Gas
Solutions of the Radiative-Transfer Equation: Emitting and Absorbing Gas
Radiating Flowfields: Sample Results
Surface Radiative Cooling
Summary and Comments
Problems
Postface
References
Index
Supporting Materials
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