Structural Analysis of Polymeric Composite Materials

ISBN-10: 143987512X
ISBN-13: 9781439875124
Edition: 2nd 2008 (Revised)
Authors: Mark E. Tuttle
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Description: Structural Analysis of Polymeric Composite Materialsstudies the mechanics of composite materials and structures and combines classical lamination theory with macromechanic failure principles for prediction and optimization of composite structural  More...

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Book details

List price: $81.00
Edition: 2nd
Copyright year: 2008
Publisher: Taylor & Francis Group
Publication date: 1/18/2013
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 292
Size: 6.50" wide x 9.75" long x 1.25" tall
Weight: 2.288
Language: English

Structural Analysis of Polymeric Composite Materialsstudies the mechanics of composite materials and structures and combines classical lamination theory with macromechanic failure principles for prediction and optimization of composite structural performance. This reference addresses topics such as high-strength fibers, commercially-available compounds, and the behavior of anisotropic, orthotropic, and transversely isotropic materials and structures subjected to complex loading. It provides a wide variety of numerical analyses and examples throughout each chapter and details the use of easily-accessible computer programs for solutions to problems presented in the text.

Preface
Acknowledgments
Author
Introduction
Basic Definitions
Polymeric Materials
Basic Concepts
Addition versus Condensation Polymers
Molecular Structure
Thermoplastic versus Thermoset Polymers
Amorphous versus Semicrystalline Thermoplastics
A-, B-, and C-Staged Thermosets
The Glass Transition Temperature
Fibrous Materials
Glass Fibers
Aramid Fibers
Graphite and Carbon Fibers
Polyethylene Fibers
Commercially Available Forms
Discontinuous Fibers
Roving Spools
Woven Fabrics
Braided Fabrics
Pre-Impregnated Products or "Prepreg"
Manufacturing Processes
Layup Techniques
Autoclave Process Cycles
Filament Winding
Pultrusion
Resin Transfer Molding
Scope of This Book
References
Review of Force, Stress, and Strain Tensors
The Force Vector
Transformation of a Force Vector
Normal Forces, Shear Forces, and Free-Body Diagrams
Definition of Stress
The Stress Tensor
Transformation of the Strees Tensor
Principal Stresses
Plane Stress
Definition of Strain
The Strain Tensor
Transformation of the Strain Tensor
Principal Strains
Strains within a Plane Perpendicular to a Principal Strain Direction
Relating Strains to Displacement Fields
Computer Programs 3Drotate and 2Drotate
Homework Problems
References
Material Properties
Material Properties of Anisotropic versus Isotropic Materials
Material Properties That Relate Stress to Strain
Uniaxial Tests
Pure Shear Tests
Specialization to Orthotropic and Transversely Isotropic Composites
Material Properties Relating Temperature to Strain
Specialization to Orthotropic and Transversely Isotropic Composites
Material Properties Relating Moisture Content to Strain
Specialization to Orthotropic and Transversely Isotropic Composites
Material Properties Relating Stress or Strain to Failure
Predicting Elastic Composite Properties Based on Constituents: The Rule of Mixtures
Homework Problems
References
Elastic Response of Anisotropic Materials
Strains Induced by Stress: Anisotropic Materials
Strains Induced by Stress: Orthotropic and Transversely Isotropic Materials
Strains Induced by a Change in Temperature or Moisture Content
Strains Induced by Combined Effects of Stress, Temperature, and Moisture
Homework Problems
Unidirectional Composite Laminates Subject to Plane Stress
Unidirectional Composites Referenced to the Principal Material Coordinate System
Unidirectional Composites Referenced to an Arbitrary Coordinate System
Calculating Transformed Properties Using Material Invariants
Effective Elastic Properties of a Unidirectional Composite Laminate
Failure of Unidirectional Composites Referenced to the Principal Material Coordinate System
The Maximum Stress Failure Criterion
The Tsai-Hill Failure Criterion
The Tsai-Wu Failure Criterion
Failure of Unidirectional Composites Referenced to an Arbitrary Coordinate System
Uniaxial Stress
Maximum Stress Criterion
Tsai-Hill Criterion
Tsai-Wu Criterion
Comparison
Pure Shear Stress States
Maximum Stress Criterion
Tsai-Hill Criterion
Tsai-Wu Criterion
Comparisons
Computer Programs Unidir and Unifail
Program Unidir
Program Unifail
Homework Problems
References
Thermomechanical Behavior of Multiangle Composite Laminates
Definition of a "Thin Plate" and Allowable Plate Loadings
Plate Deformations: The Kirchhoff Hypothesis
Principal Curvatures
Standard Methods of Describing Composite Laminates
Calculating Ply Strains and Stresses
Classical Lamination Theory
Constant Environmental Conditions
Including Changes in Environmental Conditions
Simplifications due to Stacking Sequence
Symmetric Laminates
Cross-Ply Laminates
Balanced Laminates
Balanced Angle-Ply Laminates
Quasi-Isotropic Laminates
Summary of CLT Calculations
A CLT Analysis When Loads Are Known
A CLT Analysis When Midplane Strains and Curvatures Are Known
Effective Properties of a Composite Laminate
Effective Properties Relating Stress to Strain
Extensional Properties
Flexural Properties
Effective Properties Relating Temperature or Moisture Content to Strain
Transformation of the ABD Matrix
Computer Program CLT
Comparing Classical Lamination Theory and Finite-Element Analyses
Free Edge Stresses
The Origins of Free Edge Stresses
Analytical and Numerical Studies of Free Edge Stresses
Typical Numerical Results
Homework Problems
References
Predicting Failure of a Multiangle Composite Laminate
Preliminary Discussion
Estimating Laminate Failure Strengths Using CLT
Using CLT to Predict First-Ply Failure
Predicting Last-Ply Failure
First-Ply Failure Envelopes
Computer Programs Lamfail and Progdam
Program Lamfail
Program Progdam
Homework Problems
References
Composite Beams
Preliminary Discussion
Comparing Classical Lamination Theory to Isotropic Beam Theory
Types of Composite Beams Considered
Effective Axial Rigidity of Rectangular Composite Beams
Effective Flexural Rigidities of Rectangular Composite Beams
Effective Flexural Rigidity of Rectangular Composite Beams with Ply Interfaces Orthogonal to the Plane of Loading
Effective Flexural Rigidity of Rectangular Composite Beams with Ply Interfaces Parallel to the Plane of Loading
Effective Axial and Flexural Rigidities for Thin-Walled Composite Beams
Statically Determinate and Indeterminate Axially Loaded Composite Beams
Statically Determinate and Indeterminate Transversely Loaded Composite Beams
Computer Program Beam
Homework Problems
References
Stress Concentrations Near an Elliptical Hole
Preliminary Discussion
Summary of the Savin Solution for an Anisotropic Plate with Elliptical Hole
Circular Holes in Unidirectional Laminates
Elliptical Holes with an Aspect Ratio of Three in Unidirectional Laminates
Circular Holes in Multiangle Laminates
Computer Program Holes
Homework Problems
References
The Governing Equations of Thin-Plate Theory
Preliminary Discussion
Equations of Equilibrium for Symmetric Laminates
Equations of Equilibrium Expressed in Terms of Internal Stress and Moment Resultants, Transverse Loading, and Out-of-Plane Displacements
Equations of Equilibrium Expressed in Terms of the [ABD] Matrix, Transverse Loading, and Midplane Displacement Fields
Boundary Conditions
Geometric (Kinematic) Boundary Conditions
Static (Natural) Boundary Conditions
Combinations of Geometric and Static Boundary Conditions
Free Edge
Simply Supported Edges
Clamped Edges
Representing Arbitrary Transverse Loads as a Fourier Series
References
Some Exact Solutions for Specially Orthotropic Laminates
Equations of Equilibrium for a Specially Orthotropic Laminate
In-Plane Displacement Fields in Specially Orthotropic Laminates
Specially Orthotropic Laminates Subject to Simple Supports of Type S1
Specially Orthotropic Laminates Subject to Simple Supports of Type S4
Specially Orthotropic Laminates with Two Simply Supported Edges of Type S1 and Two Edges of Type S2
The Navier Solution Applied to a Specially Orthotropic Laminate Subject to Simple Supports of Type S4
Buckling of Rectangular Specially Orthotropic Laminates Subject to Simple Supports of Type S4
Thermal Buckling of Rectangular Specially Orthotropic Laminates Subject to Simple Supports of Type S1
Computer Program Sportho
References
Some Approximate Solutions for Symmetric Laminates
Preliminary Discussion
In-Plane Displacement Fields
Potential Energy in a Thin Composite Plate
Evaluation of Strain Energy Component UI
Evaluation of Strain Energy Component UII
Evaluation of Strain Energy Component UIII
Evaluation of Work Done by Transverse Loads
Symmetric Composite Laminates Subject to Simple Supports of Type S4
Deflections due to a Uniform Transverse Load
Deflections due to a Sinusoidal Transverse Load
Deflections due to a Transverse Load Distributed over an Interior Region
Deflections due to a Transverse Point Load
Buckling of Symmetric Composite Plates Subject to Simple Supports of Type S4
Computer Program Symm
References
Experimental Methods Used to Measure In-Plane Elastic Properties
References
Tables of Beam Deflections and Slopes
Reference
Index

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