Ethics in Science Ethical Misconduct in Scientific Research

ISBN-10: 1439840865
ISBN-13: 9781439840863
Edition: 2012
Authors: John D'Angelo
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Description: Providing the tools necessary for a robust debate, this book explains various forms of scientific misconduct and describes real ethical controversies that have occurred in science. The first part of the book includes a description of a variety of  More...

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Book details

Copyright year: 2012
Publisher: CRC Press
Publication date: 3/22/2012
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 130
Size: 6.00" wide x 9.00" long x 0.50" tall
Weight: 0.616
Language: English

Providing the tools necessary for a robust debate, this book explains various forms of scientific misconduct and describes real ethical controversies that have occurred in science. The first part of the book includes a description of a variety of ethical violations, why they occur, how they are handled, and what can be done to prevent them along with a discussion of the peer-review process. The second part of the book presents real-life case studies that review the known facts and allows readers to decide for themselves whether an ethical violation has occurred and what should be done.

John D' Angelo is Assistant Professor of Chemistry at Alfred University, Alfred, New York.

Introduction
About the author
Irresponsible conduct in research: What is it, why does it happen, and how do we identify it when it happens?
What constitutes scientific misconduct?
Intentional negligence in acknowledgment of previous work
What is it?
Why does it happen?
How is it caught?
Deliberate fabrication of data you have collected
What is it?
Why does it happen?
How is it caught?
Deliberate omission of known data that does not agree with hypotheses
What is it?
Why does it happen?
How is it caught?
Passing another researcher's data as one's own
What is it?
Why does it happen?
How is it caught?
Publication of results without consent of all the researchers
What is it?
Why does it happen?
How is it caught?
Failure to acknowledge all the researchers who performed the work
What is it?
Why does it happen?
How is it caught?
Authorship and intellectual property
Conflict of interest issues
What is it?
Why does it happen?
How is it caught?
Repeated publication of too-similar results
What is it?
Why does it happen?
How is it caught?
Breach of confidentiality
What is it?
Why does it happen?
How is it caught?
Misrepresenting others' previous work
What is it?
Why does it happen?
How is it caught?
Bad ethics vs. bad science
Scenario 1
Scenario 2
New results that prove old results wrong
The whistle-blower's dilemma
Wrapping up
What happens to those who violate responsible conduct?
Human and animal subjects
Wrapping up
What is peer review's role in responsible conduct in research?
Revisiting Vlad and Frankie
Can peer reviewers be unethical?
Wrapping up
What effect on the public does scientific misconduct have?
MMR and autism
Climategate
HTV vaccine
Animal rights groups
Cold fusion
Bernard Kettlewell
Electromagnetic field and high-tension power lines
Fracking and pollution
Wrapping up
What constitutes responsible conduct from the point of view of human/animal subjects in research?
Wrapping up
Can intervention or interference by the federal government result in research misconduct?
Wrapping up
Can we prevent misconduct in research?
Intentional negligence in acknowledgment of previous work
Deliberate fabrication of data
Deliberate omission of known data that doesn't agree with hypotheses
Passing another researcher's data as one's own
Publication of results without consent of all the researchers
Failure to acknowledge all the researchers who performed the work
Conflict-of-interest issues
Repeated publication of too-similar results
Breach of confidentiality
Misrepresenting others' work
Wrapping up
Case Studies
Darwin and Wallace
Summary
What happened?
Resolution
Questions to ponder
Sources
Rangaswamy Srinivasan-VISX patent dispute
Summary
The story
Questions to ponder
Sources
Schwartz and Mirkin
Summary
How did it start?
Mirkin says
Schwartz says
Mirkin responds
Villa-Komaroff's role
Resolution
Questions to ponder
Sources
Corey and Woodward
Summary
Corey says
Hoffmann says
L.J. Oosterhoff
Resolution
Questions to ponder
Sources
C�rdova, Scripps Research Institute, and Stockholm University
Summary
What happened?
Resolution
Questions to ponder
Sources
La Clair and hexacyclinol
Summary
What happened?
Resolution
Questions to ponder
Sources
Woodward and quinine
Summary
What happened?
Resolution
Questions to ponder
Sources
DNA
Summary
What happened?
Resolution
Questions to ponder
Sources
David Baltimore and Teresa Imanishi-Kari
Summary
O'Toole's side
Charles Maplethorpe
Teresa Imanishi-Kari
David Baltimore
The public perception
Conclusions
Questions to ponder
Sources
John Fenn-Yale patent dispute
Summary
The story
Questions to ponder
Sources
VIOXX�
Summary
Question to ponder
Sources
Index

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