Qualitative Inquiry and Research Design Choosing among Five Approaches

ISBN-10: 1412995302
ISBN-13: 9781412995306
Edition: 3rd 2013
Authors: John W. Creswell
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Description: In this Third Edition of his bestselling text John W. Creswell explores the philosophical underpinnings, history, and key elements of each of five qualitative inquiry traditions: narrative research, phenomenology, grounded theory, ethnography, and  More...

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Book details

List price: $89.00
Edition: 3rd
Copyright year: 2013
Publisher: SAGE Publications, Incorporated
Publication date: 3/14/2012
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 472
Size: 5.75" wide x 8.75" long x 1.00" tall
Weight: 1.342
Language: English

In this Third Edition of his bestselling text John W. Creswell explores the philosophical underpinnings, history, and key elements of each of five qualitative inquiry traditions: narrative research, phenomenology, grounded theory, ethnography, and case study. In his signature accessible writing style, the author relates research designs to each of the traditions of inquiry. He compares theoretical frameworks, ways to employ standards of quality, and strategies for writing introductions to studies, collecting data, analyzing data, writing a narrative, and verifying results.

About the Author
Acknowledgments
Analytic Table of Contents by Approach
List of Tables and Figures
Introduction
Purpose and Rationale for the Book
What Is New in This Edition
Positioning Myself
Selection of the Five Approaches
Narrative Research
Phenomenology
Grounded Theory
Ethnography
Case Study
Audience
Organization
Philosophical Assumptions and Interpretive Frameworks
Questions for Discussion
Philosophical Assumptions
A Framework for Understanding Assumptions
Why Philosophy Is Important
Four Philosophical Assumptions
Writing Philosophical Assumptions Into Qualitative Studies
Interpretive Frameworks
Postpositivism
Social Constructivism
Transformative Frameworks
Postmodern Perspectives
Pragmatism
Feminist Theories
Critical Theory and Critical Race Theory (CRT)
Queer Theory
Disability Theories
The Practice of Using Social Justice Interpretive Frameworks in Qualitative Research
Linking Philosophy and Interpretive Frameworks
Summary
Additional Readings
Exercises
Designing a Qualitative Study
Questions for Discussion
The Characteristics of Qualitative Research
When to Use Qualitative Research
What a Qualitative Study Requires From Us
The Process of Designing a Qualitative Study
Preliminary Considerations
Steps in the Process
Elements in All Phases of the Research
Ethical Issues During All Phases of the Research Process
The General Structure of a Plan or Proposal
Summary
Additional Readings
Exercises
Five Qualitative Approaches to Inquiry
Questions for Discussion
Narrative Research
Definition and Background
Defining Features of Narrative Studies
Types of Narratives
Procedures for Conducting Narrative Research
Challenges
Phenomenological Research
Definition and Background
Defining Features of Phenomenology
Types of Phenomenology
Procedures for Conducting Phenomenological Research
Challenges
Grounded Theory Research
Definition and Background
Defining Features of Grounded Theory
Types of Grounded Theory Studies
Procedures for Conducting Grounded Theory Research
Challenges
Ethnographic Research
Definition and Background
Defining Features of Ethnographies
Types of Ethnographies
Procedures for Conducting an Ethnography
Challenges
Case Study Research
Definition and Background
Defining Features of Case Studies
Types of Case Studies
Procedures for Conducting a Case Study
Challenges
The Five Approaches Compared
Summary
Additional Readings
Exercises
Five Different Qualitative Studies
Questions for Discussion
A Narrative Study (Chan, 2010; see Appendix B)
A Phenomenological Study (Anderson & Spencer, 2002; see Appendix C)
A Grounded Theory Study (Harley et al., 2009; see Appendix D)
An Ethnographic Study (Haenfler, 2004; see Appendix E)
A Case Study (Asmussen & Creswell, 1995; see Appendix F)
Differences Among the Approaches
Central Features of Each Approach
Selecting Your Approach
Summary
Additional Readings
Exercises
Introducing and Focusing the Study
Questions for Discussion
The Research Problem Statement
The Purpose Statement
The Research Questions
The Central Question
Subquestions
Summary
Additional Readings
Exercises
Data Collection
Questions for Discussion
The Data Collection Circle
The Site or Individual
Access and Rapport
Institutional Review Boards
Access and Rapport Within the Five Approaches
Purposeful Sampling Strategy
Participants in the Sample
Types of Sampling
Sample Size
Forms of Data
Interviewing
Observation
Recording Procedures
Field Issues
Access to the Organization
Observations
Interviews
Documents and Audiovisual Materials
Ethical Issues
Storing Data
Five Approaches Compared
Summary
Additional Readings
Exercises
Data Analysis and Representation
Questions for Discussion
Three Analysis Strategies
The Data Analysis Spiral
Organizing the Data
Reading and Memoing
Describing, Classifying, and Interpreting Data Into Codes and Themes
Interpreting the Data
Representing and Visualizing the Data
Analysis Within Approaches to Inquiry
Narrative Research Analysis and Representation
Phenomenological Analysis and Representation
Grounded Theory Analysis and Representation
Ethnographic Analysis and Representation
Case Study Analysis and Representation
Comparing the Five Approaches
Computer Use in Qualitative Data Analysis
Advantages and Disadvantages
A Sampling of Computer Programs
Use of Computer Sofware Programs With the Five Approaches
How to Choose Among the Computer Programs
Summary
Additional Readings
Exercises
Writing a Qualitative Study
Questions for Discussion
Several Writing Strategies
Reflexivity and Representations in Writing
Audience for Our Writings
Encoding Our Writings
Quotes in Our Writings
Overall and Embedded Writing Strategies
Narrative Writing Structure
Overall Structure
Embedded Structure
Phenomenological Writing Structure
Overall Structure
Embedded Structure
Grounded Theory Writing Structure
Overall Structure
Embedded Structure
Ethnographic Writing Structure
Overall Structure
Embedded Structure
Case Study Writing Structure
Overall Structure
Embedded Structure
A Comparison of Narrative Structures
Summary
Additional Readings
Exercises
Standards of Validation and Evaluation
Questions for Discussion
Validation and Reliability in Qualitative Research
Perspectives on Validation
Validation Strategies
Reliability Perspectives
Evaluation Criteria
Qualitative Perspectives
Narrative Research
Phenomenological Research
Grounded Theory Research
Ethnographic Research
Case Study Research
Comparing the Evaluation Standards of the Five Approaches
Summary
Additional Readings
Exercises
"Turning the Story" and Conclusion
Turning the Story
A Case Study
A Narrative Study
A Phenomenology
A Grounded Theory Study
An Ethnography
Conclusion
Exercises
An Annotated Glossary of Terms
A Narrative Research Study-"Living in the Space Between Participant and Researcher as a Narrative Inquirer: Examining Ethnic Identity of Chinese Canadian Students as Conflicting Stories to Live By"
A Phenomenological Study-"Cognitive Representations of AIDS"
A Grounded Theory Study-"Developing Long-Term Physical Activity Participation: A Grounded Theory Study With African American Women"
An Ethnography-"Rethinking Subcultural Resistance: Core Values of the Straight Edge Movement"
A Case Study-"Campus Response to a Student Gunman"
References
Author Index
Subject Index

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