Introduction to Criminology A Text/Reader

ISBN-10: 1412956838
ISBN-13: 9781412956833
Edition: 2008
List price: $96.00
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Description: This uniquely comprehensive criminology textbook provides instructors and students the best of both worlds a text with carefully selected accompanying readings. The readings have a policy orientation, giving them a real-world, applied character.  More...

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Book details

List price: $96.00
Copyright year: 2008
Publisher: SAGE Publications, Incorporated
Publication date: 3/7/2008
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 632
Size: 7.00" wide x 8.75" long x 0.95" tall
Weight: 1.980
Language: English

This uniquely comprehensive criminology textbook provides instructors and students the best of both worlds a text with carefully selected accompanying readings. The readings have a policy orientation, giving them a real-world, applied character. Containing all the usual topics found within a typical textbook, this text/reader uniquelyincludes a more extensive coverage of what the psychological and biological sciences have to offer. This book presents criminological theory and concepts first in their traditional form and then shows, in the text and then in the journal readings portion,how integrating theory and concepts from the more basic sciences can complement, expand, strengthen, and add coherence to them. With more coverage of the kinds of crimes and criminals that students find most fascinating, such as serial killing, terrorism, psychopathy, and organized crime, this text/reader offers a more complete look at the world of criminology than any other existing text. This text/reader is divided into 14 sections that mirror the sections in a typical criminology textbook, each dealing with a particular type of subject matter in criminology. Supplemented with a full ancillary package, including a robust student study site and Instructor's Resources on CD-Rom (contact info@sagepub.com to request a copy),this text/reader provides a low-cost, high-valueoption for both students and instructors.

Craig Hemmens is Department Chair and Professor in the Department of Criminal Justice and Criminology at Washington State University. In addition to being the editor for the SAGE Text/Reader Series in Criminology/Criminal Justice, he has published several books, including Law, Justice and Society (Oxford University Press, �2012), Legal Guide for Police (Anderson, �2011) and An Introduction to Criminal Evidence (Oxford University Press, �2009). He holds a J.D. from North Carolina Central University School of Law and a Ph.D. in Criminal Justice from Sam Houston State University. He served as the President of the Association of Criminal Justice Sciences (ACJS) from 2012 to 2013.

Introduction and Overview of Crime and Criminology
Introduction
What is Criminology
What is Crime?
Crime as a Moving Target
Crime as a Subcategory of Social Harms
Beyond Social Construction: The Stationary Core Crimes
Criminality
A Short History of Criminology
The Role of Theory in Criminology
A Brief Word About the Section Readings, Summary, Exercises and Discussion Questions, Useful Web Sites, Chapter Glossary
How to Read a Research Article
Readings
The Use and Usefulness of Criminology, 1751-2005: Enlightened Justice and Its Failures
Measuring Crime and Criminal Behavior
Introduction
Categorizing and Measuring Crime and Criminal Behavior
The Uniform Crime Reports: Counting Crime Officially
NIBRS: The "New and Improved" UCR
Crime Victimization Survey Data and Their Problems
Areas of Agreement Between the UCR and NCVS
Self-Reported Crime Surveys and Their Problems
What Can We Conclude About the Three Main Measures of Crime in America?
Summary, Exercises and Discussion Questions, Useful Web Sites, Chapter Glossary
Readings
Gender Gap Trends for Violent Crimes, 1980 to 2003: A UCR-NCVS Comparison
Race and the Probability of Arrest
Methamphetamine Use, Self-Reported Violent Crime, and Recidivism Among Offenders in California Who Abuse Substances
The Early Schools Of Criminology And Modern Counterparts
Introduction
The Classical School
The Rise of Positivism?
Neoclassicism: Rational Choice Theory
Summary, Exercises and Discussion Questions, Useful Web Sites, Chapter Glossary
Readings
An Introduction to the Principles of Morals and Legislation
A Crying Shame: The Over-Rationalized Conception of Man in the Rational Choice Perspective
The Economics of Crime
Social Structural Theories
Introduction
The Social Structural Tradition
The Chicago School of Ecology
The Anomie/Strain Tradition
Subcultural Theories
Walter Miller's Focal Concerns
Gangs Today
Policy and Prevention: Implications of Social Structural Theories
Summary, Exercises and Discussion Questions, Useful Web Sites, Chapter Glossary
Readings
Community Correlates of Rural Youth Violence
Social Structure and Anomie
Gangs and Social Change
Social Process Theories
Introduction
Differential Association Theory
Ronald Akers' Social Learning Theory
Social Control Theories
Gottfredson and Hirschi's Low Self-Control Theory
Labeling Theory: The Irony of Social Reaction
Sykes and Matza's Neutralization Theory
Evaluation of Social Process Theories
Summary, Exercises and Discussion Questions, Useful Web Sites, Chapter Glossary
Readings
Social Learning Theory
The Nature of Criminality: Low Self-Control
Social Control in China: Applications of the Labeling Theory and the Reintegrative Shaming Theory
Gender and Crime Among Felony Offenders: Assessing the Generality of Social Control and Differential Association Theories
Critical Theories: Marxist, Conflict, and Feminist
Introduction
The Conflict Perspective of Society
Karl Marx and Revolution
Willem Bonger: The First Marxist Criminologist
Modern Marxist Criminology
Conflict Theory: Max Weber, Power, and Conflict
Situating Conflict Theory in Relation to Marxist and Labeling Theory
Peacemaking Criminology
Feminist Criminology
Anne Campbell's Staying Alive Hypothesis
Evaluation of Critical Theories
Policy and Prevention: Implications of Critical Theories
Summary, Exercises and Discussion Questions, Useful Web Sites, Chapter Glossary
Readings
Marx, Engels, and Bonger on Crime and Social Control
Crime, Punishment, and the American Dream: Toward a Marxist Integration
Patriarchy, Crime, and Justice: Feminist Criminology in an Era of Backlash
Psychosocial Theories: Individual Traits and Criminal Behavior
Introduction
The IQ/Crime Connection
Temperament and Personality
Conscience and Arousal
Glen Walters's Lifestyle Theory
The Antisocial Personalities
Evaluation of the Psychosocial Perspective
Policy and Prevention: Implications of Psychosocial Theories
Summary, Exercises and Discussion Questions, Useful Web Sites, Chapter Glossary
Readings
Feeble-Mindedness
Temperament, Environment, and Antisocial Behavior in a Population Sample of Preadolescent Boys and Girls
Psychopathy: Theory, Measurement, and Treatment
Biosocial Approaches
Introduction
Behavior Genetics
Gene/Environment Interaction and Correlation
Behavior Genetics and Criminal Behavior
Evolutionary Psychology
The Evolution of Criminal Traits
The Neurosciences
Reward Dominance and Prefrontal Dysfunction Theories
Evaluation of the Biosocial Perspective
Policy and Prevention: Implications of Biosocial Theories
Summary, Exercises and Discussion Questions, Useful Web Sites, Chapter Glossary
Readings
Behavior Genetics and Anomie/Strain Theory
Neuroimaging Studies of Aggressive and Violent Behavior: Current Findings and Implications for Criminology and Criminal Justice
A Theory Explaining Biological Correlates of Criminality
Developmental Theories: From Delinquency to Crime to Desistance
Introduction
Risk and Protective Factors for Serious Delinquency
Major Developmental Theories
Evaluation of Developmental Theories
Policy and Prevention: Implications of Developmental Theories
Summary, Exercises and Discussion Questions, Useful Web Sites, Chapter Glossary
Readings
Reactive Versus Proactive Antisocial Behavior: Differential Correlates of Child ADHD Symptoms?
The Adolescence-Limited/Life-Course Persistent Theory Antisocial Behavior: What Have We Learned?
Unraveling Juvenile Delinquency
A Life-Course View of the Development of Crime
Violent Crimes
Introduction
Murder
Forcible Rape
Robbery
Aggravated Assault
Mass, Spree, and Serial Murder
A Typology of Serial Killers
What Causes Serial Killing?
Terrorism
Domestic Violence
Summary, Exercises and Discussion Questions, Useful Web Sites, Chapter Glossary
Readings
Stick-Up, Street Culture, and Offender Motivation
African Americans and Serial Killing in the Media: The Myth and the Reality
The Terrorist Mind I: A Psychological and Political Analysis
Property Crime
Introduction
Larceny/Theft
Burglary
Motor Vehicle Theft
Arson
Crimes of Guile and Deceit: Embezzlement, Fraud, and Forgery/Counterfeiting
Cybercrime: Oh What a Tangled World Wide Web We Weave
Summary, Exercises and Discussion Questions, Useful Web Sites, Chapter Glossary
Readings
Sneaky Thrills
Searching a Dwelling: Deterrence and the Undeterred Residential Burglar
The Novelty of "Cybercrime": An Assessment in Light of Routine Activity Theory
Public Order Crime
Introduction
The Scope of the Alcohol/Crime Problem
The Effects of Alcohol and Context on Behavior
Alcoholism: Type I and Type II
Illegal Drugs and Crime
Prostitution and Commercialized Vice
Driving Under the Influence
Gambling
Summary, Exercises and Discussion Questions, Useful Web Sites, Chapter Glossary
Readings
Alcohol Problems and the Differentiation of Partner, Stranger, and General Violence
The Association Between Multiple Drug Misuse and Crime
Juveniles' Motivations for Remaining in Prostitution
White-Collar and Organized Crime
Introduction
The Concept of White-Collar Crime
Occupational Crime
Causes of Occupational White-Collar Crime: Are They Different?
Corporate Crime
Organized Crime
Summary, Exercises and Discussion Questions, Useful Web Sites, Chapter Glossary
Readings
Criminal Thinking and Identity in Male White-Collar Offenders
The Causes of Organized Crime: Do Criminals Organize Around Opportunities for Crime or Do Criminal Opportunities Create New Offenders?
State Failure, Economic Failure, and Predatory Organized Crime: A Comparative Analysis
Victimology: Exploring the Victimization Experience
Introduction
The Emergence of Victimology
Who Gets Victimized?
Victimization in the Workplace and School
Child Molestation: Who Gets Victimized?
Victimization Theories
Is Victimology "Blaming the Victim?"
The Consequences of Victimization
Victimization and the Criminal Justice System
Summary, Exercises and Discussion Questions, Useful Web Sites, Chapter Glossary
Readings
The Criminal and His Victim
Violent Victimization as a Risk Factor for Violent Offending Among Juveniles
Victimological Developments in the World During the Past Three Decades (I): A Study of Comparative Victimology
Victimological Developments in the World During the Past Three Decades (II): A Study of Comparative Victimology

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