Paradoxes of Culture and Globalization

ISBN-10: 1412940451
ISBN-13: 9781412940450
Edition: 2008
Authors: Martin J. Gannon
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Description: "???A truly extraordinary book! The range of knowledge revealed by the author is quite astonishing and the material presented is done so in a clear and unambiguous writing style.???The book includes astonishingly varied perspectives on issues that  More...

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Book details

List price: $62.00
Copyright year: 2008
Publisher: SAGE Publications, Incorporated
Publication date: 6/29/2007
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 288
Size: 6.00" wide x 9.00" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 1.100
Language: English

"???A truly extraordinary book! The range of knowledge revealed by the author is quite astonishing and the material presented is done so in a clear and unambiguous writing style.???The book includes astonishingly varied perspectives on issues that will impact the hoped-for positive consequences of globalization. I felt I was being informed by an expert who grasps the complexity of the issues involved in ways that make them clear and useful. If I was teaching a course that had anything to do with globalization and/or culture, I would assign this book???and if I knew of someone who was being assigned to another country, I would require him or her to read this book.???"???Benjamin Schneider," Valtera Corporation and Professor Emeritus, University of Maryland" What is a paradox? Why are cross-cultural paradoxes essential for understanding the changes that are occurring because of globalization? Encompassing a wide variety of areas including leadership, cross-cultural negotiations, immigration, religion, economic development, and business strategy, Paradoxes of Culture and Globalization develops??cross-cultural paradoxes essential for understanding globalization. Key FeaturesHighlights??over 90??paradoxes structured in a question/discussion format to actively engage readers and provide an integrative overview of the bookPresents key issues at a higher and integrative level of analysis to avoid stereotyping particular culturesFacilitates class discussions and the active involvement of class members in the learning process of culture and globalization.Enlarges individuals??? conceptual understanding of cross-cultural issues Focuses on both traditional and controversial topicsincluding motivation and leadership across cultures, communicating and negotiating across cultures, immigration, religion, geography, economic development, business strategy, and international human resource management Intended Audience This is an excellent text for advanced undergraduate and graduate courses in International Management, International Business, Comparative Management, World Business Environment, Cross-Cultural Management, Cross-Cultural Communications, and Cultural Anthropology in the departments of business??and management, communication, and anthropology. Meet author Martin J. Gannon! www.csusm.edu/mgannon Martin J. Gannon is also the author of the bestselling text "Understanding Global Cultures" (SAGE, Third Edition, 2004) and "Cultural Metaphors: ""Readings,"" Research Translations, and Commentary "(SAGE, 2000).

Martin J. Gannon (PhD, Columbia University) is Professor of International Management and Strategy, College of Business Administration, California State University, San Marcos (CSUSM). He is also Professor Emeritus, Smith School of Business, University of Maryland at College Park. At Maryland he held several administrative positions, including the Associate Deanship for Academic Affairs and the Founding Directorship of the Center for Global Business, and received the University's International Landmark Award. In 2014, Professor Gannon received the Outstanding Educator Award from the International Management Division of the Academy of Management. Professor Gannon has authored or co-authored nearly 100 articles and 13 books, some in multiple editions and translations. These include Paradoxes of Culture and Globalization (2008), Handbook of Cross Cultural Management (2001), Dynamics of Competitive Strategy (1992), Managing without Traditional Methods: International Innovations in Human Resource Management (1996) and Ethical Dimensions of International Management (1997). Professor Gannon has been the Senior Research Fulbright Professor at the Center for the Study of Work and Higher Education in Germany and the John F. Kennedy/Fulbright Professor at Thammasat University in Bangkok, and has served as a visiting professor at several Asian and European universities. He has also been a consultant to many companies, government agencies, and labor unions. Professor Gannon has lived and worked in more than 30 nations as a visiting professor, consultant, and trainer. For additional information on Professor Gannon, please visit his homepage at California State University, San Marcos: faculty.csusm.edu/mgannon nbsp;

Preface: A Third Perspective
Paradoxes, Education and Training
Exercise: Introducing the Book
A Note On Writing
Acknowledgements
Conceptual Foundations
Thinking Paradoxically
Essential Concepts
Limitations
Takeaways
Discussion Questions
Exercises
Conceptualizing and Perceiving Culture
Conceptualizing Culture
Why are there so many definitions of culture?
Can there be a very large and a very small number of cultures?
Can collectivists be self-centered and selfish?
Value paradoxes exist in all cultures. For example, how can a national culture value freedom and dependence simultaneously?
How are cultural values and cultural practices related?
Does culture matter?
Are demographics more important than culture?
Should we advocate only one perspective on culture?
Perceiving Culture
Do proper introductions and greetings simultaneously involve kissing, bowing, and shaking hands?
Are cultural stereotypes valid?
Are the distinctions between levels of culture relevant in a globalizing world?
Do insiders understand their own cultures better than outsiders?
Can global citizenship and the effects of root cultures exist simultaneously?
Can cultures change quickly?
Takeaways
Discussion Questions
Exercise: Chapter 1
Exercise After Each Chapter
Behavioral Issues
Leadership, Motivation, and Group Behavior Across Cultures
Framing leadership: Is the essence of leadership being stuck on the horns of a dilemma?
Who is more effective: The instrumental/visionary/transformational leader or the Headman?
When should a leader involve subordinates in decision making?
Can an effective leader be someone who publicly humiliates subordinates?
Motivation
Is the relationship between motivation and ability additive or multiplicative in the prediction of individual success and performance?
Can an individually-based need hierarchy exist in a collectivistic culture?
Do effective executives attribute success to themselves or to others?
Group Behavior
Are there free riders or equally-responsible contributors in small groups?
Do the personalities of individuals primarily reflect the influence of culture both in general and in small groups?
Should multi-cultural groups be managed differently than single-culture groups?
Takeaways
Discussion Questions
Exercises
Answers
Communicating Across Cultures
Language
How can knowing the language of another culture be a disadvantage?
How can languages be rapidly dying while becoming more influential?
Critical words and phrases: How can there be immediate recognition by
Are proverbs effective descriptors of a culture?
Context and Beyond
Can a culture be simultaneously monochronic and polychronic?
Can a culture be simultaneously low-context and high-context?
Symbolism
Can a culture be simultaneously monochronic and polychronic?
Can a culture be simultaneously low-context and high-context?
Symbolism
How can the same phenomenon represent different symbolic meanings?
How can the same phenomenon represent different symbolic meanings?
Technology and Mediated Communication
Can face-to-face communication be functionally equivalent to mediated communication, either individually or in small groups?
Is the Internet integrating the world or creating wide differences?
Is colonization or communitarianism winning in the battle for the Internet?
Why is the information superhighway a poor metaphor for describing modern communication systems such as the Internet?
Takeaways
Discussion Questions
Exercise (Critical Incident)
Crossing Cultures
Culture-Based Ethics: Relativism Versus Universalism
Are ethical norms and standards universal or relative to the situation?
Generic Cultures And Ethics
Are there universal ethics across generic cultures, or do ethics vary by the type of generic culture?
Expatriate Paradoxes
Is the general stereotype of the host culture valid?
How can the Expat manager be simultaneously powerful and powerless?
How can the Expat manager be simultaneously free of home country norms and restrained by host country norms?
How can the Expat manager simultaneously accept the ideal cultural values of the home culture and realize that they do not exist in the home culture or only in attenuated form?
How can the Expat manager resolve the conflict between contradictory demands of the home office and the host culture subsidiary?
How can the Expat manager simultaneously give up some home country values and strengthen other home country values?
Is it possible for the Expat manager to become more cosmopolitan and more idiosyncratic simultaneously?
How can the Expat manager think well of the host culture and avoid being taken advantage of?
How can the Expat manager be simultaneously at home anywhere in the world but fit comfortably nowhere?
Understanding Cross-Cultural Interactions Via Cultural Sensemaking
Reentry to the Home Culture
Takeaways
Discussion Questions
Exercises
Answers To The Two-Item Survey
Cross-Cultural Negotiations
Fundamentals And Best Practices
Case Study: Entering the Chinese Market
Negotiating Metaphors
Is chess more influential than the Chinese board game of Go for strategy and negotiation?
Why do veteran international negotiators from one national culture frequently complain that their counterparts from a dissimilar national culture are simultaneously both very sincere and very deceptive?
When negotiating, is it best to make the opening offer or respond to it?
Time, Face, and the Yinyang Dynamic
How can time be considered as three circles (past, present, and future) as well as only one circle?
Is the yinyang dynamic exclusively Asian?
Is there only one type of face?
Takeaways
Discussion Questions
Case Study: Generator and its Asian Partners
The Broader Context
Multi-Ethnicity, Religion, Geography, and Immigration
Multi-Ethnicity
Do multi-ethnic groups impede or facilitate the formation of national cultures?
Is there, or will there be, a clash of civilizations?
Can national cultures exist in a multi-ethnic and borderless world?
Should all cultural practices be equally acceptable?
Religion
Must religion be anthropomorphic?
Does a religion necessarily require dogmas and creeds?
Geography
Do geographic maps reflect cultural beliefs?
Has "the death of distance" nullified the importance of geography?
Immigration
Will the issue of immigration derail globalization?
How can restricting immigration facilitate and promote it?
Is immigration compatible with an equality matching culture?
Takeaways
Discussion Questions
Exercises
Economic Development and Culture
Background
Trade, Democracy, and Open And Free Markets
Are democracy and free markets opposed to one another?
Does trust increase trade among nations? Does increased trade lead to conflict and war among nations?
Culture and Change
Are institutions more important than culture for explaining economic development?
Does economic development and globalization lead to individualism?
Why do citizens vote for and accept stationary bandits as political leaders?
Takeaways
Discussion Questions
Exercise
Globalization and Culture
Risk
Can global economic integration occur without political and cultural integration?
Is globalization a myth?
Is globalization an old or a new phenomenon?
Uncertainty
Is there a reasonable probability that a global financial collapse will occur and undermine globalization?
Does globalization encourage nationalism?
Are nations becoming more and less powerful simultaneously because of globalization?
Can one nation dominate the global economy and political system?
Is globalization doomed?
Political and Social Issues
Does globalization increase prosperity and inequality simultaneously?
Who are the winners and losers in a globalizing world?
Is increased education the anti-dote for outsourcing?
Takeaways
Discussion Questions
Exercises
Strategy, Business Functions, and International Human Resource Management
Strategy
Is there an ideal mode for entering the global marketplace?
Is there an ideal structure for the global firm?
Are organizations worldwide becoming more similar?
Is China a very large or a very small market?
Business Functions
Can accounting and financial systems be standardized or harmonized throughout the world?
Should global advertising be tailored to each national and ethnic culture?
Is it possible to create and operate airplane-based metropoli (the aeropolis) for efficient global logistics and transportation?
International Human Resource Management
How can IHRM be both central and peripheral when going global?
How should the conflict between internal pay equity and the forces of the external marketplace be resolved?
Should multi-national corporations impose their values when going global?
Which works best in a global firm, individual-based or group-based reward systems?
Is the role of IHRM different from that of domestic-only HRM?
Are HRM requirements similar throughout the globalizing world?
Takeaways
Discussion Questions
Exercise
References

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