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Politics and Society in the Developing World

ISBN-10: 1405824409
ISBN-13: 9781405824408
Edition: 3rd 2006 (Revised)
List price: $66.95
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Description: In a world seemingly surfing a wave of unprecedented affluence, it is sobering to be reminded that only thirty out of nearly two hundred countries can really be classified as advanced industrialized countries. Eighty per cent of the world's  More...

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Book details

List price: $66.95
Edition: 3rd
Copyright year: 2006
Publisher: Routledge
Publication date: 2/20/2007
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 488
Size: 6.25" wide x 9.25" long x 1.25" tall
Weight: 1.584
Language: English

In a world seemingly surfing a wave of unprecedented affluence, it is sobering to be reminded that only thirty out of nearly two hundred countries can really be classified as advanced industrialized countries. Eighty per cent of the world's population lives in the developing world. This popular, concise introduction scrutinises the developing world, its varied political institutions and the key social, economic and environmental issues at the heart of contemporary debates.Wide-ranging and clearly written, Politics and Society in the Developing World begins by providing a brisk survey of the major theoretical and methodological interpretations of the social impact of development. It then details the factors which determine the parameters of the developing world before moving on to examine its infrastructure and the crises currently facing it. The book also covers the social and economic contexts of developing societies, the international arena and its impact on the developing world, state-building and the tension between dictatorship and democratization. The book focuses on four policy areas: aid, trade, tourism and the environment.

List of tables, figures and maps
List of plates
List of abbreviations
Preface to the third edition
Acknowledgements
The developing world
Third World or developing world?
What is development?
Which are the developing countries?
First World and Third World
South v North
Survival of the term Third World
Colonisation and post-colonial society
Independence and the legacy of war and militarism
Gender and the roles of women and men
Women and development
Research in the developing world
Social and other indicators
China: the dragon awakes?
Competing ideologies and interpretations of development
Strategies of industrialisation
A right to development?
Development in the free market
Transnational corporations
Globalisation: what is it and what effect does it have?
Neo-liberalism
Conclusion
Key terms
Questions
The infrastructure of the developing world
Physical location
Main geographical features
The Asian tsunami of 2004
Relief and drainage
Boundaries and territorial disputes
Refugees: the case of East Timor (Timor Leste)
Terrorism
Agricultural activity
Mining
Human settlement
Refugees: the case of Rwanda
Land reform
Urbanisation
Migrants
Communications
Small island developing states
The balance sheet: assets and problems
Key terms
Questions
The crisis of the developing world
Poverty and basic needs
Water
Food
Sanitation and health
Infant mortality and life expectancy
Medical services
Malaria
HIV/AIDS
Housing
Case study 3.3 Bird flu
Education
Population growth
Key terms
Questions
Social and economic contexts
The economic context
Introduction
How is economic policy made?
Africa: globalisation and marginalisation
Case study 4.1 Ghana
Cash crops
Latin America: the persistence of debt
The debt boomerang
The 'war on drugs'
Policy choices for indebted countries
The crisis of 1997
Asia: the newly industrialising countries
The rise of the NICs
The fear of insecurity: the South-east Asia crisis and after
Globalisation
Transnational links
Business and politics: taxation, tariffs and privatisation
Bretton Woods
The International Monetary Fund
The World Bank
The GATT and WTO
Bananas
Regional economic groupings
Conclusion
Key terms
Questions
The social context
Introduction
Gender and society
Women and work
Women and children
Women and political power
Women and the orthodoxy of development
Impact of development on other disadvantaged groups
Ethnic cleavages
Class and state
The family
Indigenous peoples
Social factors favouring development
Maintaining social provision in an evolving society
Religion, politics and society
The clash of cultures
The concept of modernity: competing cultures
The global network
Impact of transnational media
'McWorld?'
Opinion formers
News management and international perception of the developing world
High culture
Conclusion
Key terms
Questions
The international context
Introduction
Two hours that shook the world
George Bush and the aftermath of '9/11'
War in Iraq
The post-war situation
Terror and the developing world
The breakdown of the state
Intervention
Non-alignment
Developing world conflicts
Weapons of mass destruction in the developing world
The role of the United Nations
Regional alignments
The first Bush Administration and Panama
The rise of 'humanitarian intervention'
The Gulf War 1991
Rwanda
International peacemaking/peacekeeping
The international politics of oil
The oil majors as actors in South-North relations
Libya and the North
Oil in South-North relations today
The international politics of water
Conclusion
Key terms
Questions
Politics of the developing world
State-building
Introduction
Who makes the law?
The problem of the weak state
Constitutional government
Parliamentary systems
Presidential systems
Interest groups
Political parties and elections
Organisation of political parties
Rise and fall of the 'one-party state'
Populism and democracy
Causes of insurgency
Nationalism
Religion and ethnicity
Case study 7.1 Sri Lanka
Personalism
Corruption
Conclusion
Key Terms
Questions
Dictatorship and democratisation
Introduction
Authoritarianism
Coercive structures
Military intervention
Structure and roles of armed forces
Military developmentalism
Case study 8.1 Democratisation in Argentina
Arms procurement
Regional powers
Requirements for liberal democracy
Democratisation in the developing world
Empowerment and the growth of civil society
Democracy and development
Democracy promotion
Democratisation in Ghana
Conclusion
Key terms
Questions
Policy issues
Policy issues
Introduction
Aid
Trade
South-South trade
Tourism
Goa
Belize
Costa Rica
The Caribbean Islands
Kenya
The Gambia
Southern Africa
Environment
Key terms
Questions
Conclusion
Modernisation in Asia
The radicalisation of the Middle East
The decline of Africa
The de-industrialisation of Europe
The future of the poorest countries
References
Index

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