Fisheries Biology, Assessment and Management

ISBN-10: 140515831X
ISBN-13: 9781405158312
Edition: 2nd 2007 (Revised)
Authors: Michael King
List price: $142.95
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Description: This excellent second edition of Fisheries Biology, Assessment and Management, has been fully updated and expanded, providing a book which is an essential purchase for students and scientists studying, working or researching in fisheries and aquatic  More...

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Book details

List price: $142.95
Edition: 2nd
Copyright year: 2007
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons, Incorporated
Publication date: 9/17/2007
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 400
Size: 7.50" wide x 9.50" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 2.156
Language: English

This excellent second edition of Fisheries Biology, Assessment and Management, has been fully updated and expanded, providing a book which is an essential purchase for students and scientists studying, working or researching in fisheries and aquatic sciences. In the same way that excessive hunting on land has threatened terrestrial species, excessive fishing in the sea has reduced stocks of marine species to dangerously low levels. In addition, the ecosystems that support coastal marine species are threatened by habitat destruction, development and pollution. Open access policies and subsidised fishing are placing seafood in danger of becoming a scarce and very expensive commodity for which there is an insatiable demand. Positive trends include actions being taken to decrease the incidental catches of non-target species, consumer preferences for seafood from sustainable fisheries, and the establishment of no-take areas that provide refuges for marine species. But there is an urgent need to do more. Because there is an increasing recognition of the need to manage ecosystems as well as fish stocks, this second edition of this bestselling text book includes an additional chapter on marine ecology. Chapters on parameter estimation and stock assessment now include step-by-step instructions on building computer spreadsheet models, including simulations with random variations that realistically emulate the vagaries of nature. Sections on ecosystem management, co-management, community-based management and marine protected areas have been expanded to match the increased interest in these areas. Containing many worked examples, computer programs and numerous high quality illustrations, Fisheries Biology, Assessment and Management, second edition, is a comprehensive and essential text for students worldwide studying fisheries, fish biology, aquatic and biological sciences. As well as serving as a core text for students, the book is a superb reference for fisheries and aquatic researchers, scientists and managers across the globe, in both temperate and tropical regions. Libraries in all universities where fish biology, fisheries, aquatic sciences and biological sciences are studied and taught will need copies of this most useful new edition on their shelves.

Contents
Preface
Acknowledgements
Ecology and ecosystems
Introduction
Distribution and abundance
Unit stocks
Spacing of organisms
Population growth and regulation
Population growth
Population regulation
Life history patterns
Marine ecosystems
Coastal waters
Coral reefs and lagoons
Continental shelves and the open sea
Human impacts on marine ecosystems
Habitat modification and loss
Eutrophication, siltation and heat
Petroleum, toxic chemicals and solid waste
Species invasions, introductions, and translocations
Climate change - the greenhouse effect and global warming
Ozone depletion
Assessing and minimizing environmental impacts
Photosynthetic marine organisms
Macroalgae - seaweed
Microalgae - phytoplankton
Harmful algal blooms
The flow of energy and material
Zooplankton
Daily migrations and the seasonal distribution of plankton
Food relationships, trophic levels and foodwebs
Productivity and fisheries
Primary productivity and yield
Productivity from fisheries and aquaculture
Exploited species
Introduction
Invertebrates
Molluscs
Bivalves - clams and cockles
Gastropods - sea snails
Cephalopods - squids and octopuses
Management measures
Crustaceans
Penaeids and carideans - prawns and shrimps
Nephropidae - clawed lobsters
Palinuridae - slipper and spiny lobsters
Brachyuran crabs
Anomuran crabs
Management measures
Other invertebrates
Holothurians - sea cucumbers
Echinoids - sea urchins
Management measures
Fishes
Demersal fishes of cooler waters - cods, hakes and haddocks
Demersal and reef fishes of warmer waters
Coastal pelagic fishes - clupeoids
Offshore pelagic fishes - tunas and sharks
Management measures
Fishing and fishers
Introduction
Fishing gear and methods
Gleaning, spears and traps
Hooks and lines
Stationary nets
Towed nets and dredges
Fishers
Fishing for food
Fishing for income
Fishing for recreation
Effects of fishing
Effects on target species
Effects on non-target species
Effects on the environment and ecosystems
Stock structure and abundance
Introduction
Structure and abundance
Relative abundance
Sampling surveys
Mark-recapture methods
Depletion methods
Factors that increase biomass
Size and growth
Growth from length-frequency data
Growth from tagging information
Growth from hard-part analyses
Reproduction
Recruitment
Factors that decrease biomass
Age-based catch curves
Length-based catch curves
Mortality from mark-recapture data
Natural mortality
Stock assessment
Introduction
Stock abundance and catches - dynamic production models
Equilibrium models
Non-equilibrium models
Multispecies applications
Potential yield - rough estimators
Including growth and mortality
The effects of growth and mortality on biomass
The effects of fishing mortality on a single cohort
Including different year classes; age-structured models
Virtual population analysis
The classical yield per recruit model
The Thompson and Bell model
Simulation and ecosystem models
A biomass dynamic simulation model
An age-structured simulation model
Ecosystem models
Risk assessment
Fisheries management
Introduction
The need for fisheries management
Biological overfishing
Economic overfishing
Managers and stakeholders
Fisheries management authorities
Co-management in commercial fisheries
Community-based fisheries management
The management process
Management policies and objectives
Reference points and indicators
Management plans
Management actions
Input controls (on fishing and fishing effort
Limiting the number of fishing units
Limiting the efficiency and types of fishing gear
Minimum mesh sizes and escape gaps
Output controls (on the catch
Quotas
Size limits
Rejection of females or gravid females
Controls to protect the ecosystem
Closures as fisheries management tools
Compliance and enforcement
References
Appendices
Fisheries symbols and formulae
Standard deviation and confidence limits
Correlation and regression
Least squares
Collection of length-frequency data
Bhattacharya plots
Statistical tables
Glossary of terms
Index

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