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Wildlife Ecology, Conservation, and Management

ISBN-10: 1405107375
ISBN-13: 9781405107372
Edition: 2nd 2006 (Revised)
List price: $108.95
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Description: The second edition of Wildlife Ecology, Conservation, and Management provides a thorough introduction to general ecological principles and examines how they can be applied to wildlife management and conservation. Expanded and updated, this  More...

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Book details

List price: $108.95
Edition: 2nd
Copyright year: 2006
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons, Incorporated
Publication date: 1/10/2006
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 488
Size: 7.50" wide x 9.75" long x 1.00" tall
Weight: 1.232
Language: English

The second edition of Wildlife Ecology, Conservation, and Management provides a thorough introduction to general ecological principles and examines how they can be applied to wildlife management and conservation. Expanded and updated, this second edition includes new chapters on understanding ecosystems and the use of computer models in wildlife management. Gives a comprehensive, up-to-date overview of ecology including the latest theories on population dynamics and conservation. Reviews practical applications and techniques and how these can be used to formulate realistic objectives with in an ecological framework. Examples of real-life management situations from around the world provide a broad perspective on the international problems of conservation. Worked examples on CD enable students to practice calculations explained in the text. Artwork from the book is available to instructors online at www.blackwellpublishing.com/sinclair and by request on CD-ROM.

Preface
Introduction: goals and decisions
How to use this book
What is wildlife conservation and management?
Goals of management
Hierarchies of decision
Policy goals
Feasible options
Summary
Wildlife ecology
Biomes
Introduction
Forest biomes
Woodland biomes
Shrublands
Grassland biomes
Semi-desert scrub
Deserts
Marine biomes
Summary
Animals as individuals
Introduction
Adaptation
The theory of natural selection
Examples of adaptation
The effects of history
The abiotic environment
Genetic characteristics of individuals
Applied aspects
Summary
Food and nutrition
Introduction
Constituents of food
Variation in food supply
Measurement of food supply
Basal metabolic rate and food requirement
Morphology of herbivore digestion
Food passage rate and food requirement
Body size and diet selection
Indices of body condition
Summary
The ecology of behavior
Introduction
Diet selection
Optimal patch or habitat use
Risk-sensitive habitat use
Quantifying habitat preference using resource selection functions
Social behavior and foraging
Summary
Population growth
Introduction
Rate of increase
Fecundity rate
Mortality rate
Direct estimation of life-table parameters
Indirect estimation of life-table parameters
Relationship between parameters
Geometric or exponential population growth
Summary
Dispersal, dispersion, and distribution
Introduction
Dispersal
Dispersion
Distribution
Distribution, abundance, and range collapse
Species reintroductions or invasions
Dispersal and the sustainability of metapopulations
Summary
Population regulation, fluctuation, and competition within species
Introduction
Stability of populations
The theory of population limitation and regulation
Evidence for regulation
Applications of regulation
Logistic model of population regulation
Stability, cycles, and chaos
Intraspecific competition
Interactions of food, predators, and disease
Summary
Competition and facilitation between species
Introduction
Theoretical aspects of interspecific competition
Experimental demonstrations of competition
The concept of the niche
The competitive exclusion principle
Resource partitioning and habitat selection
Competition in variable environments
Apparent competition
Facilitation
Applied aspects of competition
Summary
Predation
Introduction
Predation and management
Definitions
The effect of predators on prey density
The behavior of predators
Numerical response of predators to prey density
The total response
Behavior of the prey
Summary
Parasites and pathogens
Introduction and definitions
Effects of parasites
The basic parameters of epidemiology
Determinants of spread
Endemic pathogens
Endemic pathogens: synergistic interactions with food and predators
Epizootic diseases
Emerging infectious diseases of wildlife
Parasites and the regulation of host populations
Parasites and host communities
Parasites and conservation
Parasites and control of pests
Summary
Consumer-resource dynamics
Introduction
Quality and quantity of a resource
Kinds of resources
Consumer-resource dynamics: general theory
Kangaroos and their food plants in semi-arid Australian savannas
Wolf-moose-woody plant dynamics in the boreal forest
Other population cycles
Summary
Wildlife conservation and management
Counting animals
Introduction
Estimates
Total counts
Sampled counts: the logic
Sampled counts: methods and arithmetic
Indirect estimates of population size
Indices
Summary
Age and stage structure
Age-specific population models
Stage-specific models
Sensitivity and elasticity of matrix models
Short-term changes in structured populations
Summary
Model evaluation and adaptive management
Introduction
Fitting models to data and estimation of parameters
Measuring the likelihood of models in light of the observed data
Evaluating the likelihood of alternative models using AIC
Adaptive management
Summary
Experimental management
Introduction
Differentiating success from failure
Technical judgments can be tested
The nature of the evidence
Experimental and survey design
Some standard analyses
Summary
Conservation in theory
Introduction
Demographic problems contributing to risk of extinction
Genetic problems contributing to risk of extinction
Effective population size (genetic)
Effective population size (demographic)
How small is too small?
Population viability analysis
Extinction caused by environmental change
Summary
Conservation in practice
Introduction
How populations go extinct
How to prevent extinction
Rescue and recovery of near extinctions
Conservation in national parks and reserves
Community conservation outside national parks and reserves
International conservation
Summary
Wildlife harvesting
Introduction
Fixed quota harvesting strategy
Fixed proportion harvesting strategy
Fixed escapement harvesting strategy
Harvesting in practice: recreational
Harvesting in practice: commercial
Age- or sex-biased harvesting
Bioeconomics
Game cropping and the discount rate
Summary
Wildlife control
Introduction
Definitions
Effects of control
Objectives of control
Determining whether control is appropriate
Methods of control
Summary
Ecosystem management and conservation
Introduction
Definitions
Gradients of communities
Niches
Food webs and intertrophic interactions
Community features and management consequences
Multiple states
Regulation of top-down and bottom-up processes
Ecosystem consequences of bottom-up processes
Ecosystem disturbance and heterogeneity
Ecosystem management at multiple scales
Biodiversity
Island biogeography and dynamic processes of diversity
Ecosystem function
Summary
Appendices
Glossary
References
Index

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