Cultural Heritage and Aerobiology Methods and Measurement Techniques for Biodeterioration Monitoring

ISBN-10: 1402016220

ISBN-13: 9781402016226

Edition: 2003

List price: $209.00
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Description:

This is a translated and revised edition of the original Italian version. This book is the first to give a general overview of the application of aerobiology (the science that studies the biological components of the atmosphere) to the conservation of our cultural heritage. Aerobiological monitoring makes it possible to estimate the risks of degradation of artefacts of historical or artistic importance by airborne microorganisms (airborne spores and vegetative structures) according to the types of materials forming the artefacts, to the conditions of the microclimate and to the type of environmental pollution, thus enabling the planning of preventive or reparative intervention. Among the book's main features are: -Aspects of the biodeterioration of different materials (paper, wood, fabrics, parchment, leather, stone, glass, metals, plastic, etc.). -Methods for measuring environmental parameters, both physical (microclimatic) and chemical (pollutants). -Methods and techniques of aerobiological monitoring. -Specific problems concerning the different types of environments. Audience: The subject is thoroughly explored, thus supplying a useful tool to those who are in charge of the conservation of our cultural heritage (libraries, archives, museums, churches, hypogea, monuments, archaeological sites, etc.).
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Book details

List price: $209.00
Copyright year: 2003
Publisher: Springer
Publication date: 10/31/2003
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 243
Size: 6.50" wide x 9.50" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 1.298

Paolo Mandrioli, biologist and senior researcher at the Institute of Atmospheric Sciences and Climate (ISAC) of the Italian Research Council (CNR), is also professor of Aerobiology at the Faculty of Environmental Sciences of the Urbino University, and past president of the International Association for Aerobiology.Giulia Caneva, biologist, formerly Director of the Central Institute for Restoration, is currently full professor of Botany at the Biology Department of the University of Roma 3.Cristina Sabbioni, physicist and senior researcher at the Institute of Atmospheric Sciences and Climate (ISAC) of the Italian Research Council (CNR), is also professor of Chemistry Applied to Cultural Heritage and of Environmental Physics at the University of Bologna.

Contributors
Preface
Acknowledgments
Introduction to Biodeterioration and Human Health
The Biological Aerosol as a Factor of Biodeterioration
Introduction
Biological Alteration Processes and Conditioning Factors
Biodeterioration of Materials Forming Pieces of Cultural Property
Biodeterioration of Organic Materials
Paper
Wood
Textiles
Parchment and Leather
Paintings (Ground Layers and Pigments)
Plastics
Biodeterioration of Inorganic Materials
Stone materials
Glass
Metals
Aerobiology Applied to Cultural Heritage
Biological Aerosol and Biodeterioration
Origin and Dispersion of Biological Matter in the Air
Pathogenic Microorganisms and Situations of Risk to Man
Introduction
Indoor Pollution and Effects on Human Health
Biological Pollution and Risk Situations
Studies on the Quality of Air in Libraries and Archives
Environmental Measurements for Aerobiological Monitoring
Measurement of Environmental Physical Parameters
Introduction
Measurement of Physical Parameters
Temperature
Moisture
Air Movements
Light
Measuring Methods
Indoor Measurements
Outdoor Environment
Microclimatic Monitoring
Data Processing
Influence of Physical Parameters on the Development of Organisms that Promote Biodeterioration
Chemical Parameters and Development of Biodeteriogens
Introduction
Types of pollutants
Inorganic compounds of atmospheric particulate
Gaseous inorganic compounds
Organic compounds
Pollutants Promoting the Growth of Microorganisms
Growth-inhibiting pollutants
Types of Substrates
Detection of Pollutants
Active Methods
Liquid impingers
Denuders
Passive Methods
Data Processing
Methods and Measurement Techniques for Aerobiological Monitoring
Monitoring the Biological Aerosol
Introduction
Principles of Atmospheric Dispersion of Particles
Deposition
Settling velocity
Density
Coagulation
Impact
Deposition in Precipitations
Sampling Principles
Gravitational Deposition
Impact
Suction
Filtration
Electrostatic Precipitation
Thermal Precipitation
Impingement
Sampling Equipment
Deposition Samplers
Impaction Samplers
Liquid impingers
Strategy of Aerobiological Sampling Techniques
Choice of Aerobiological Monitoring Method
Criteria for Indoor Aerobiological Monitoring
Sampling Site
Timing and Duration of Sampling
Influence of Heating and Conditioning Systems
Choice of Sampling Technique
Analysis of the Biological Aerosol
Introduction
Methods for Analysis of Biological Aerosol
Bacteria and Actinomycetes
Ecological and Functional Characteristics
Autotrophic Bacteria
Heterotrophic Bacteria
Specific Analysis Methods
Fungi
Ecological and Functional Characteristics
Specific Analysis Methods
Cyanobacteria and Algae
Ecological and Functional Characteristics
Specific Analysis Methods
Lichens
Ecological and Functional Characteristics
Specific Sampling Methods
Higher Plants and Mosses
Ecological and Functional Characteristics
Specific Sampling Methods
Aerobiological Monitoring for the Preservation of Cultural Heritage
Libraries and Archives
Introduction
Specific Contexts
Types of Environments and Their Climates
Types of Buildings
Remarks on microclimates
Types of Shelves and their Microclimates
Types of Materials and their Biodegradability
Hygroscopicity of Materials and Biodeterioration Processes
Biodeteriogens of Library and Archive Materials
State of Researches of Aerobiology in Archives and Libraries
Aerobiological Sampling in Libraries and Archives
Museums
Introduction
Aspects to be Considered
Types of Museums
Types of Environments and Relevant Microclimates
Types of Exhibition
Types of Materials Preserved
Biodeteriogens
State of Aerobiological Researches in Museums
Aerobiological Sampling in Museum Environments
Churches and Hypogea
Introduction
Types of Environments and their Microclimates
Churches
Hypogea
Types of Materials Preserved
Biodeteriogens
State of Aerobiological Research on Churches and Hypogea
Aerobiological Sampling in Churches and Hypogea
Outdoor Environments
Introduction
Specific Goals
Types of Materials Exposed and Conditions of Exposure
Biodeteriogens of Materials Used in Buildings
Index
Colour Plates
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