Longmans' English Grammar
This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can usually download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1901 edition. Excerpt: ... are Gerunds. A Gerund More...
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Friday, December 26
Size: 1.97" wide x 74.41" long x 96.85" tall
This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can usually download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1901 edition. Excerpt: ... are Gerunds. A Gerund has Case like a Noun (and is thus 1 See "Notes for Teachers," p. 324, Note 30. distinguished from a Participle). But a Gerund also governs Case like a Verb, or has Adverbial Adjuncts (and is thus distinguished from a Noun). Examples of Gerund as Subject. Reading books about animals is interesting. Walking in the open air is excellent exercise. Writing ten pages daily is not easy. Examples of Gerund as Object. I like riding a horse better than riding a bicycle. I prefer exercising here rather than indoors. Examples of Gerund in the Objective Case after a Preposition. Mr. Sidney is fond of hunting bears. Wash before eating a mouthful. Men who believe in working faithfully are apt to succeed. Tom is fond of chopping wood for his mother. 342. Sometimes it may seem a little hard to decide whether a word is an Abstract Noun or a Gerund. When it has an Article before it1 (see par. 275), it had better be called a Noun as, "After the passing of the Act"; and when it has an Object or an Adverbial Adjunct, as in the examples given above, it must be called a Gerund. In the sentence "Writing is a useful art," writing is a Noun." But in the sentences "Writing poetry is difficult" and "Writing correctly is learned by long practice," writing is a Gerund; having, in one sentence, an Object, poetry, and in the other an Adverbial Adjunct, correctly. A Gerund is frequently preceded by a Noun or Pronoun in the Possessive Case; as, " I am tired of his coming here;" "John's saying what he did annoyed them." In Parsing a Gerund say from what Verb it is formed, in what Case it is, and what Case (if any) it governs. 1 Or when it is followed by of with the Noun which...