x

Our Privacy Policy has changed. By using this site, you agree to the Privacy Policy.

Motivation Theory, Research and Applications

ISBN-10: 1111841098
ISBN-13: 9781111841096
Edition: 6th 2013
List price: $295.95 Buy it from $45.00
This item qualifies for FREE shipping

*A minimum purchase of $35 is required. Shipping is provided via FedEx SmartPost® and FedEx Express Saver®. Average delivery time is 1 – 5 business days, but is not guaranteed in that timeframe. Also allow 1 - 2 days for processing. Free shipping is eligible only in the continental United States and excludes Hawaii, Alaska and Puerto Rico. FedEx service marks used by permission."Marketplace" orders are not eligible for free or discounted shipping.

30 day, 100% satisfaction guarantee

If an item you ordered from TextbookRush does not meet your expectations due to an error on our part, simply fill out a return request and then return it by mail within 30 days of ordering it for a full refund of item cost.

Learn more about our returns policy

Description: With its signature focus on evolutionary psychology, MOTIVATION: THEORY, RESEARCH AND APPLICATION, 6E reflects the latest developments from the field in its thorough coverage of the biological, behavioral, and cognitive explanations for human  More...

Used Starting from $174.58
New Starting from $247.54
what's this?
Rush Rewards U
Members Receive:
coins
coins
You have reached 400 XP and carrot coins. That is the daily max!
You could win $10,000

Get an entry for every item you buy, rent, or sell.

Study Briefs

Limited time offer: Get the first one free! (?)

All the information you need in one place! Each Study Brief is a summary of one specific subject; facts, figures, and explanations to help you learn faster.

Add to cart
Study Briefs
Psychology Online content $4.95 $1.99
Add to cart
Study Briefs
History of Western Art Online content $4.95 $1.99
Add to cart
Study Briefs
History of World Philosophies Online content $4.95 $1.99
Add to cart
Study Briefs
Lifespan Human Development Online content $4.95 $1.99

Customers also bought

Loading
Loading
Loading
Loading
Loading
Loading
Loading
Loading
Loading
Loading

Book details

List price: $295.95
Edition: 6th
Copyright year: 2013
Publisher: Wadsworth
Publication date: 4/19/2012
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 496
Size: 7.64" wide x 9.45" long x 0.94" tall
Weight: 2.926
Language: English

With its signature focus on evolutionary psychology, MOTIVATION: THEORY, RESEARCH AND APPLICATION, 6E reflects the latest developments from the field in its thorough coverage of the biological, behavioral, and cognitive explanations for human motivation. The book clearly presents the advantages and drawbacks to each of these explanations, allowing students to draw their own conclusions. Relevant and timely, the text helps readers understand the processes that activate their behavior by drawing examples from topics that interest students, including sleep, stress, eating disorders, helping behavior, emotion, and more. Extremely student friendly, the text includes numerous study aids to maximize learner success, while vivid graphic illustrations offer additional insight into key concepts. In addition, its unique thematic approach gives instructors ultimate flexibility.

Herbert L. Petri received his B. A. degree from Miami University, Oxford, Ohio and M.A. and Ph.D. degrees from Johns Hopkins University. He has taught at Towson University since receiving his doctorate and has been recognized on five separate occasions for his excellent teaching. Dr. Petri is also Adjunct Professor of Psychology at Johns Hopkins University where he has taught the Motivation course since 1986.

Overview
Overview: Conceptualizing and Measuring Motivation and the Role of Evolution in Motivation
Introduction
Angie's Problem
The Concept of Motivation
The Measurement of Motivation
Characteristics of Motivation
Activation
Direction
The Study of Motivation: Categories of Analysis
Nomothetic versus Idiographic
Innate versus Acquired
Internal versus External
Mechanistic versus Cognitive
Levels of Analysis
Physiological Analysis
Individual Analysis
Social Analysis
Philosophical Analysis
Analysis of Angie's Problem
Major Constructs in Motivation
Energy
Physiological Mechanisms
Learning
Social Inter�ction
Cognitive Processes
The Activation of Motivation
Homeostasis
Hedonism
Growth Motivation
Philosophical and Physiological Roots of Motivational Theory
Philosophical Antecedents
Physiological Antecedents
The Flow of Ideas about Motivation
Evolution and Motivation
Life
Mitosis and Meiosis
Sex
The Advantages of Sexual Reproduction
The Pleasures of Sex
Interim Summary
Higher Motives?
Evolution
Natural Selection
Sexual Selection
Female versus Male Sexual Strategies
Mate Selection in Humans
Instincts, Emotion, Thoughts and Behavior
The Authors' Bias
Summary
Key Terms
Suggestions for Further Reading
Web Resource
Physiological Mechanisms of Motivation
Genetic Contributions to Motivated Behavior
Early Instinct Theories
William James
William McDougall
Criticisms of the Early Instinct Theories
Classical Ethology
Ethological Terms
Intention Movements and Social Releasers
Motivational Conflict
Reaction Chains
Imprinting
Criticisms of the Classical Ethological Approach
Some Modifications to the Basic Ideas of Ethology
Human Ethology
Additional Innate Behaviors
Ethological Concepts Concerning Sex and Aggression
Modem Ethological Approaches
Behavioral Ecology
Cognitive Ethology
Evolutional Psychology
Summary
Key Terms
Suggestions for Further Reading
Physiological Mechanisms of Arousal
Introduction
Arousal Theory
The Reticular Activating System
Hebb's Theory
Psychophysiological Measures
Problems With Arousal Theory
Sleep
General Properties of Sleep
Stages of Sleep
Dreams
Sleep Deprivation
Physiology of Sleep
Brain Stem Mechanisms That Promote Arousal
Neurotransmitters That Promote Arousal
Brainstem Regions That Promote NREM Sleep
Neurotransmitters That Promote Sleep
Brainstem Regions That Promote REM Sleep
Brainstem Neural Flip-Flops
A Sleep Chemical
Possible Functions of Sleep
Stress
Definition of Stress
Systemic and Psychological Stress
Endocrine System Activity and Stress
The General Adaptation Syndrome
Diseases of Adaptation
Life Change, Stress, and Illness
Criticisms of the Hardiness Concept
Other Buffers of Stress
Health Psychology
Psychoneuroimmunology
Conditioning of Immune Responses
Psychosocial Factors and the Immune System
Placebo Effects
Sexual Arousal
Stages of the Human Sexual Response Cycle
Other Bodily Changes During Sexual Behavior
Summary
Key Terms
Suggestions for Further Reading
Physiological Mechanisms of Regulation
What Do We Eat: Taste and Smell as Gatekeepers
Why Do We Eat?
What Determines How Much We Eat?
Sensory Specific Satiety
Basic Metabolism
Local Theories
Central Theories
Homeostatic Regulation
Regulation of Hunger
Short-Term Regulation
The Glucostatic Theory of Hunger
Peripheral Detectors for Short-Term Regulation
Long-Term Regulation
Energy Regulation: Two Processes or One?
Nonhomeostatic Eating Behavior
Failure of Regulation
Anorexia Nervosa
Cross-Cultural Evidence of Anorexia
Neurobiology of Anorexia
The Serotonin Hypothesis
Heredity Factors
Brain Structures Involved in Anorexia
Bulimia Nervosa
Obesity
Obesity Explanations
The Role of Habituation in Obesity
Obesity as Addiction
Stress
Hunger Regulation Reconsidered
Regulation of Thirst
Mouth Factors
Extracellular and Intracellular Mechanisms
The Kidney
Osmometric Thirst
Volumetric Thirst
Nonhomeostatic Drinking
Inhibitory Control of Drinking
Regulation of Sexual Motivation
Sex Hormones: Organization and Activation
Sexual Dimorphism
Hypothalamic Regulation of Sexual Behavior
Regulation of Aggressive Motivation
The Limbic System
Types of Aggression
Summary
Key Terms
Suggestions for Further Reading
Web Resources
The Behavioral Approaches: Learning, Incentives, and Hedonism
Learned Motives: Classical, Instrumental, and Observational Learning
Pavlovian Classical Conditioning
Experimental Neurosis
Elimination of Motivated Behaviors Through Conditioning
Interoceptive Conditioning
Learned Aversions
Learned Taste Aversions in Cancer Patients
Instrumental Conditioning
Quantity, Quality, and Contrasts of Reinforcement
Primary and Conditioned Reinforcement
Generalized Conditioned Reinforcers
Tokens and Token Economies
Classical-Operant Interactions in Motivation
Acquired Fear
Conditioned Emotional Responses (CERs)
Learned Helplessness
Symptoms of Helplessness
Causes and Prevention of Helplessness
Observational Learning (Modeling)
Modeling Processes: Attention, Retention, Reproduction
Modeling Processes: Vicarious Reinforcement
Learning and Aggression
Classical Conditioning and Aggression
Instrumental Conditioning and Aggression
Modeled Aggression
Sexual Motivation and Learning
Learned Sexual Values
Summary
Key Terms
Suggestions for Further Reading
Web Resource
Incentive Motivation
Incentives as Energizers
Incentive Motivation (K)
The Persistence of Behavior
Incentives as Generators of Emotion
Mowrer: Fear, Hope, Relief, and Disappointment
Incentives as Carriers of Information
Tolman: Cognitive Formulations
Predictability
The Overmier and Lowry Model
Klinger: Meaningfulness
Incentive Aspects of Sexual Motivation
Pheromones
Learned Sexual Stimuli
Female Attractiveness
Male Attractiveness
Incentive Motivation and Physical Addictions
Behavioral Addictions
Summary
Key Terms
Suggestions for Further Reading
Web Resources
Hedonism and Sensory Stimulation
Hedonism
P. T. Young: Sign, Intensity, and Duration
Sensory Stimulation and the Hedonic Continuum
The Motivational Influence of Sensations
Hedonic Value and Contact Receptors
Pain
Novelty, Curiosity, and Exploratory Behavior
Behaviors Released by Stimulation
The Need for Stimulation
Attachment
Sensation Seeking
Opponent-Process Theory: Hedonism Revisited
Drug Addiction: An Alternative to the Incentive-Sensitization View
Thrill Seeking
Social Attachment
Summary
Key Terms
Suggestions for Further Reading
Web Resources
Cognitive Approaches to Motivation
Cognitive Motivation: Expectancy-Value Approaches
Tolman's Purposive Behavior
Characteristics of Molar Behavior
Purpose and Cognition
Kurt Lewin's Force Field Theory
The Person
Motivational Properties of the Inner-Personal Region (Tension)
The Psychological Environment
Expectancy-Value Theory
Social Learning Theory
Expectancy-Value Theory and the Need for Achievement
Revisions to Need-Achievement Theory
Attitudes, Behaviors, and Expectancy-Value
The Theory of Planned Behavior
Comparing and Contrasting Three Expectancy-Value Theories
Social Loafing
Expectancy- Value Theory and Social Loafing
Summary
Key Terms
Suggestions for Further Reading
Web Resources
Cognitive Consistency and Social Motivation
Cognitive Consistency Theory
Balance Theory
Problems With Balance Theory
Cognitive Dissonance
Research on Dissonance
When Prophecy Fails
Challenges to Dissonance Theory
Self-Perception Theory
Dissonance or Self-Perception?
A Problem for Consistency Theories
Social Motivation
Social Facilitation and Inhibition: Coaction and Audience Effects
Social Influence
Conformity
Factors That Affect Conformity Motivation
Criticisms of Conformity Research
Why Do People Conform?
Compliance
Obedience
Why a Motive to Obey?
Bystander Intervention
A Model of Intervention
Factors That Affect Helping Behavior
What Motivates Helping?
Summary
Key Terms
Suggestions for Further Reading
Web Resources
Cognitive Motivation: Attribution Approaches
Attribution Theory
Heider's Naive Psychology
The Jones and Davis Correspondent Inference Theory
Kelley's Covariation Theory
Weiner's Attributional Analysis of Achievement Behavior
Biases in Attribution
Application of Research on Attributions
Summary
Key Terms
Suggestions for Further Reading
Web Resources
Cognitive Motivation: Competence and Control
Carl Rogers and Positive Regard
The Fully Functioning Individual
Criticisms of Rogers's Approach
Abraham Maslow and Self-Actualization
Hierarchy of Needs
A Revised Hierarchy of Needs
Competence
Personal Causation
Bandura's Social Cognitive Theory of Human Agency
Self Determination Theory
The Rise of Positive Psychology
Summary
Key Terms
Suggestions for Further Reading
Web Resources
Emotion and Motivation
The Emotions as Motivators
Emotion From a Biological Perspective
Darwin's Principles of Emotion
Serviceable Associated Habits
Antithesis
Direct Action of the Nervous System
Recognition of Emotional States
Other Formulations of Emotion After Darwin
The James-Lange Theory
The Cognitive-Physiological Theory of Emotion
Ethology
Brain Mechanisms of Emotion
The Amygdala, Orbital Frontal Cortex, and Cingulate Cortex
Emotion from a Learning Perspective
Classical Conditioning and Emotion
Operant/Instrumental Conditioning and Emotion
Emotional Modeling
The Preparedness of Emotional Learning
Emotion from a Cognitive Perspective
Attribution of Emotion
Emotion as Primary and Universal
The Tomkins Model
Izard's Differential Emotions Theory
The Circumplex Model of Affect
Facial Expression and Emotion
Summary
Key Terms
Suggestions for Further Reading
Web Resources
Endview
Conclusions
References
Name Index
Subject Index

×
Free shipping on orders over $35*

*A minimum purchase of $35 is required. Shipping is provided via FedEx SmartPost® and FedEx Express Saver®. Average delivery time is 1 – 5 business days, but is not guaranteed in that timeframe. Also allow 1 - 2 days for processing. Free shipping is eligible only in the continental United States and excludes Hawaii, Alaska and Puerto Rico. FedEx service marks used by permission."Marketplace" orders are not eligible for free or discounted shipping.

Learn more about the TextbookRush Marketplace.

×