Clinical Research in Occupational Therapy

ISBN-10: 1111643318
ISBN-13: 9781111643317
Edition: 5th 2013
List price: $298.95
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Description: Thoroughly updated, the 5th edition of CLINICAL RESEARCH IN OCCUPATIONAL THERAPY enables the graduate student and clinical researcher to design and carry out a research study from the formulation of a research hypothesis to collecting data utilizing  More...

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Book details

List price: $298.95
Edition: 5th
Copyright year: 2013
Publisher: Delmar Cengage Learning
Publication date: 2/6/2012
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 640
Size: 8.00" wide x 9.75" long x 1.25" tall
Weight: 2.750
Language: English

Thoroughly updated, the 5th edition of CLINICAL RESEARCH IN OCCUPATIONAL THERAPY enables the graduate student and clinical researcher to design and carry out a research study from the formulation of a research hypothesis to collecting data utilizing user friendly step-by-step procedures. An introductory chapter on the history of medical research aquaints the student with the relationship between research and clinical practice. Step-by-step procedures and examples are used throughout to guide the student through the process of selecting a topic, reviewing literature, designing research protocols, selecting outcome measures, implementing research, and writing the results. Descriptive and inferential statistics are explained in a step-by-step procedure, and examples of qualitative and quantitative research are included so as to provide the student with tools to conduct their own research and evaluate current research data. A section on writing questionnaires and surveys helps students construct reliable and valid instruments, and information on scientific writing and thesis preparation is presented. Additionally, ethical considerations for informed consent are addressed, with examples of consent forms included.

Martin Rice is currently a Professor at The University of Toledo. Dr. Rice received his Ph.D. in 1996 in Motor Learning and Control and his B.S. in 1984 in Rehabilitation Education from The Pennsylvania State University. In 1987 he received his M.S. in Occupational Therapy from the Western Michigan University.. Dr. Rice has served on the editorial boards of AJOT and OTI, and has served as a reviewer for several other peer-reviewed journals. He has published over 3 dozen research papers and has given over 100 presentations nationally and internationally. He completed a sabbatical at the Sheffield Hallam University where he studied safe patient handling practices within the United Kingdom.

Franklin Stein is Professor Emeritus of Occupational Therapy at the University of South Dakota and founding editor of Occupational Therapy International. Prior to coming to the University of South Dakota he was the Director of the School of Medical Rehabilitation at the University of Manitoba in Winnipeg, Canada, Director of the Occupational Therapy Program at the University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee and Associate Professor, Graduate Division at Sargent College, Boston University. He is the co-author of several textbooks and has written over 50 articles in journals and books related to rehabilitation and psychosocial research. He has presented more than a hundred seminars, workshops, institutes, short courses and research papers at national and international conferences.

A Short History of the Scientific Method in Medicine, Rehabilitation, and Habilitation
Definition and Purposes of Research in Occupational Therapy and Special Education
Historical Review of Research in Medicine, Rehabilitation, and Habilitation
Biological Description, Stage I
Methodological Process, Stage II
Etiological Advances, Stage III
Prevention, Stage IV
Chemotherapy, Surgery, and Hospital Care: The Bases of Treatment, Stage V
Rehabilitation Movement, Stage VI
Habilitation and Special Education, Stage VII
Research and the Future of Health Care
The Scientific Method and Research Models
Science, Research, and Theory
Fallacies Related to Research
Critical Analysis of the Research Process
Qualities of a Researcher
Nomothetic Versus Idiographic Methods
Types of Inquiry
Models of Research
Quantitative Research Models
Factors in Quantitative Research Models
Experimental Research
Methodological Research
Evaluation Research
Heuristic Research
Correlational Research
Survey Research
Summary
Qualitative Research Models
Defining Qualitative Research
Characteristics of Qualitative Research
Types of Qualitative Research
Collecting Qualitative Data
Analyzing Qualitative Data
Credibility in Qualitative Research
The Research Problem
The Need for Problem-Oriented Research in the Health Professions
Selecting a Significant Research Problem
Identifying Problems Resulting From a Disability
Identifying Significant Issues in Professional Education
Justifying the Research Problem
Narrowing the Investigation
Psychological Blocks in Selection of a Research Problem
Worksheet Guide for Selecting a Research Problem
Why Research Proposals Are Disapproved
Review of the Literature
The Need for a Literature Review
Conceptual View of a Literature Search
Locating Sources of Related Literature
Recording Information from Research Articles
Evaluating Validity of Research Findings
Outlining the Literature Review Section
Worksheet for Literature Review
Research Design and Methodology
Proposing a Feasible Research Question
Statement of Hypothesis
Operationally Defining a Variable
Stating Assumptions
Diagrammatical Relationship between Variables
Theoretical Rationale
Internal Validity
Methods Section
Selection of Participants
Size of Sample
Selection of Measuring Instrument
Ethical Principles Guiding Human Research
Data Collection Procedures
Methodological Limitations of a Study
Data Analysis and Statistics
Definition and Meaning of Statistics
Relationship of Statistics to Clinical Practice
Key Definitions of Statistical Concepts
Seven Statistical Models for Clinical Research
Model I: Descriptive Statistics: Organization and Tabulation of Descriptive Data
Inferential Statistics and Testing a Hypothesis
Model II: One-Sample Problems (One-Sample t Test)
Model III: Two Independent Groups
Model IV: Paired Data Sample
Model V: k-Independent Samples
Model VI: Correlation (Pearson and Spearman Correlation Coefficients)
Model VII: Observed Frequencies (Chi-Square)
Statistical Software Packages
Summary
Selecting a Test Instrument
Key Concepts in Testing
Early History of Test Development
Outline of Overall Evaluative Process of Testing
Characteristics of a Good Test in Clinical Research
Assumptions in Clinical Evaluation
Major Purposes of Testing in Clinical Research
Conceptual Model for Selecting a Test Instrument for Clinical Research
Bibliographic Sources
Test Instruments
Reviewing and Evaluating Tests
Criterion-References Tests and Normative-Referenced Tests
Test Publishers
Ethical Considerations in Testing
Conclusion
Scientific Writing and Thesis Preparation
Preparation for Writing
Outlining the Research Study
Writing the First Draft
Making Revisions
Quotations, Referenced Material, and Bibliographic Citations
Format of a Paper
Sample Proposal of a Graduate Research Project
Preparation for Presentation
Conclusion
L Web A

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