Making Ends Meet How Single Mothers Survive Welfare and Low-Wage Work

ISBN-10: 087154234X
ISBN-13: 9780871542342
Edition: 1997
List price: $22.00 Buy it from $3.00
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Description: Welfare mothers are popularly viewed as passively dependent on their checks and averse to work. Reformers across the political spectrum advocate moving these women off the welfare rolls and into the labor force as the solution to their problems.  More...

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Book details

List price: $22.00
Copyright year: 1997
Publisher: Russell Sage Foundation
Publication date: 4/17/1997
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 340
Size: 6.25" wide x 9.25" long x 1.00" tall
Weight: 1.408
Language: English

Welfare mothers are popularly viewed as passively dependent on their checks and averse to work. Reformers across the political spectrum advocate moving these women off the welfare rolls and into the labor force as the solution to their problems. Making Ends Meet offers dramatic evidence toward a different conclusion: In the present labor market, unskilled single mothers who hold jobs are frequently worse off than those on welfare, and neither welfare nor low-wage employment alone will support a family at subsistence levels. Kathryn Edin and Laura Lein interviewed nearly four hundred welfare and low-income single mothers from cities in Massachusetts, Texas, Illinois, and South Carolina over a six year period. They learned the reality of these mothers' struggles to provide for their families: where their money comes from, what they spend it on, how they cope with their children's needs, and what hardships they suffer. Edin and Lein's careful budgetary analyses reveal that even a full range of welfare benefits AFDC payments, food stamps, Medicaid, and housing subsidies typically meet only three-fifths of a family's needs, and that funds for adequate food, clothing and other necessities are often lacking. Leaving welfare for work offers little hope for improvement, and in many cases threatens even greater hardship. Jobs for unskilled and semi-skilled women provide meager salaries, irregular or uncertain hours, frequent layoffs, and no promise of advancement. Mothers who work not only assume extra child care, medical, and transportation expenses but are also deprived of many of the housing and educational subsidies available to those on welfare. Regardless of whether they are on welfare or employed, virtually all these single mothers need to supplement their income with menial, off-the-books work and intermittent contributions from family, live-in boyfriends, their children's fathers, and local charities. In doing so, they pay a heavy price. Welfare mothers must work covertly to avoid losing benefits, while working mothers are forced to sacrifice even more time with their children."

Laura Lein is Professor of Social Work and Anthropology at the University of Texas at Austin.

Foreword
Acknowledgments
Single Mothers, Welfare, and Low-Wage Work
Making Ends Meet on a Welfare Check
Why Don't Welfare-Reliant Mothers Go to Work?
Making Ends Meet at a Low-Wage Job
Why Some Single Mothers Choose to Work
Survival Strategies
Differences Among Mothers
The Choice Between Welfare and Work
Appendix A
Appendix B
Notes
References
Index

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