Fundamentals of Occupational Safety and Health

ISBN-10: 086587171X

ISBN-13: 9780865871717

Edition: 4th 2007

List price: $101.00
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The latest edition of this popular bestseller provides a thorough and up-to-date overview of the occupational-safety-and-health field and the issues safety professionals face today.
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Book details

List price: $101.00
Edition: 4th
Copyright year: 2007
Publisher: Government Institutes
Publication date: 12/13/2006
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 526
Size: 6.00" wide x 9.00" long x 1.50" tall
Weight: 1.694

Preface
About the Authors
Acknowledgments
Introduction to Occupational Safety and Health
Chapter Objectives
Case Study
Occupational Safety and Health
Importance of Occupational Safety and Health
Early Historical Examination of Occupational Safety and Health
Ancient Greek and Roman Physicians
The European Renaissance and the Industrial Revolution
Terms and Concepts in the Safety Profession
Job Titles of Individuals Performing Occupational Safety and Health Activities
The Safety and Health Professional's Role and Responsibility
Conclusion
Questions
References
Bibliography
Safety Legislation
Chapter Objectives
Case Study
Legislative History
Occupational Safety and Health Act
Who Is Covered?
OSHA Standards
Origin of OSHA Standards
Horizontal and Vertical Standards
Finding the OSHA Act
Specific Requirements of the Act
Employer Responsibilities and Rights
Inspections
Inspection Process
Citations and Penalties
Appeals Process
OSHA-Approved State Programs
Standards Development
Other Considerations
NIOSH and OSHRC
Future Trends
Conclusion
Questions
References
Bibliography
Workers' Compensation and Recordkeeping
Chapter Objectives
Case Study
Early Workers' Compensation Laws
Modern Workers' Compensation Laws
Exemptions
Premium Calculation
Experienced Modification
Retrospective Rating
Self-Insured
Recordkeeping
Case Study
Background
Who Must Keep Records
Forms
OSHA 300, 300A, and 301 Forms
Recordable Occupational Injuries and Illnesses
First Aid Cases
Fatalities
Privacy Concern Cases
Posting Annual Summary Requirements
Conclusion
Questions
References
Bibliography
Safety-Related Business Laws
Chapter Objectives
Case Study
Important Terminology
Role of the Safety Professional
Product Liability
Product Safety Act
Theories of Product Liability
Lawsuits
Contracts
Insurance
Conclusion
Questions
References
Accident Causation and Investigation: Theory and Application
Chapter Objectives
Introduction
The Concepts of Risk, Incidents, and Accidents
Accident Causation Theories
Single Factor Theory
Domino Theories
Heinrich's Domino Theory
Bird and Loftus' Domino Theory
Marcum's Domino Theory
Multiple Causation Accident Theories
Multiple Factors Theory
Systems Theory of Causation
Psychological/Behavioral Accident Causation Theories
Goals Freedom Alertness Theory
Motivation Reward Satisfaction Model
Human Factors Theory
Energy-Related Accident Causation Theories
Energy Release Theory
Incident Investigation
Conclusion
Questions
References
Bibliography
Introduction to Industrial Hygiene
Chapter Objectives
Case Study
What Is Industrial Hygiene?
What Do We Mean by the "Art" of Industrial Hygiene?
What about the Science of Industrial Hygiene?
What Are the Health Hazards That the IH Is Charged with Recognizing, Evaluating, and Controlling?
History of Industrial Hygiene
Toxicology
Routes of Entry
Acute and Chronic Exposures
Chemical Interactions
Classification of Toxic Materials
Toxicity versus Risk
Precautionary Principle
Industrial Hygiene Practice
Recognition
Evaluation
Control
Conclusion
Questions
Bibliography
Ergonomics and Safety Management
Chapter Objectives
Case Study
Introduction to Ergonomics
Definition of the Term "Ergonomics"
Ergonomics Is Multidisciplinary
Ergonomics Objective
Applying Ergonomics: An Overview
Applying Ergonomics: In Detail
Operator-Machine Systems
People Variables
Anthropometry
Biomechanics
Classification of Body Movement, Postures, and Positions
Physiological Categories of Movement
Abduction/Adduction
Circumduction
Flexion/Extension
Neutral Plane/Deviation
Rotation
Supination/Pronation
Operational Categories of Movement
Additional Characteristics of the People Variable
Cumulative Trauma Disorders
Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
Cubital Tunnel Syndrome
Tendonitis
Tenosynovitis
CTD Symptoms
Machine Variables
Environmental Variables
Workplace Layout and Design
Interventions-Workstations
Interventions-Manual Material Handling
Interventions-Video Display Terminal Workstation Design
Conclusion
Questions
References
Bibliography
Fire Prevention and Protection
Chapter Objectives
Case Study
Fire Tetrahedron
Categories of Fires and Extinguishers
National Fire Protection Association
Standards and Codes
NFPA 70
NFPA 101
NFPA 30
NFPA 13
NFPA 58
NFPA 99
Educational Materials
NFPA 704
DOT Marking System
OSHA Regulations
Fire Case History
Managing the Fire Program
Written Program
Conclusion
Questions
References
Bibliography
System Safety
Chapter Objectives
Case Study
Definitions
History of System Safety
Importance of System Safety Today
System Life Cycle
Management of System Safety
Organizational Location
Organizational Interfaces
Implementation Difficulties
Elements of a System-Safety Program Plan (SSPP)
Tools and Techniques
Preliminary Hazard Analysis
Subsystem Hazard Analysis
Hazard Analysis Techniques
Technic of Operations Review (TOR)
Technique for Human Error Rate Prediction (THERP)
Failure Mode and Effects Analysis (FMEA)
Fault Hazard Analysis (FHA)
Fault Tree Analysis (FTA)
Job Safety Analysis
Reasons for Conducting a JSA
Who Should Conduct JSAs?
Procedures and Various Methods Used to Perform JSAs
Various Methods for Performing JSAs
Selecting the Job
Completing the JSA
Effectively Using a JSA in Loss Prevention
An Example
Accident Investigation
Accident Types
Conclusion
Questions
References
Bibliography
Managing the Safety Function
Chapter Objectives
Case Study
Planning
Organizing
Controlling
Directing
Staffing
Communications
Evaluation of the System
OSHA Guidelines
Conclusion
Questions
Bibliography
Psychology and Safety: The Human Element in Loss Prevention
Chapter Objectives
Case Studies
Introduction
Basic Terminology
Motivation
Goal-Directed School
Maslow's Needs-Hierarchy Theory
McClelland's Need-Achievement Theory
Herzberg's Motivation Hygiene Theory
Behavioral School
Pavlov
Skinner
The Rational Employee: Applying Motivation Theories
Organizational Environment and the Safety Culture
Incentives versus Inherent Reinforcement
Employee Empowerment and Job Enrichment
Conclusion
Questions
References
Bibliography
Improving Safety Performance with Behavior-Based Safety
Chapter Objectives
Introduction
Misconceptions about Behavioral Safety
Basic Definitions and Terminology
Principles and Strategies of Behavioral Safety
Common Problems with Safety Efforts
A Process Focusing on Improving Safety Behavior
Behavior Sampling for Proactive Measures
Employee-Driven Processes and Partial Empowerment
Implementing Behavioral Approaches
How to Implement Behavioral Safety-Common Steps
How to Conduct a Safety Assessment
Developing an Inventory of Critical Safety-Related Behaviors
What Are Critical Behaviors and Why Develop an Inventory of Critical Behaviors?
How Can We Identify Critical Behaviors?
Steps of the Observation Process
Steps for Continuous Improvement
Safety Coaching
Steps in the Coaching Process
How to Provide Meaningful Feedback
Common Performance Metrics for Behavioral Safety
Potential Barriers to Successful Implementation of Behavioral Safety
Success Factors for Behavioral Safety
Conclusion
Questions
References
Workplace Violence
Chapter Objectives
Case Study
Introduction
Nighttime Retailing
Workplace Epidemic of Violence
Background
High-Risk Workplaces
High-Risk Occupations
Cost to Business
Victimization of the American Workforce
Severity of Victimization
Profile of Victims
Formula for Failure
The Ingredients List
Baking the Ingredients
Recognizing the Potential Aggressor
Disgruntled Employee Red Flags
Employee Disenchantment
Revenge
Violence
Defusing a Time Bomb: The Violent Employee
Nonharassment Policy
Pre-Employment Screening
Drug Testing
Employee and Management Training
Crisis Management Planning
Proper Security Measures
Liaison with Local Law Enforcement
Conclusion
Questions
References
Bibliography
Terrorism Preparedness
Chapter Objectives
Case Study
Historic Information
Overview
Responsibilities
Planning
Activities
Production
Bottlenecks
Location of Your Property
Fences and Entrances
Clear Area around the Premises
Doors, Windows, and Other Openings
Ventilation and HVAC Systems
Lighting Systems
Communication Systems
Security Systems
Surveillance Systems
Guards and Sentries
Entry and Movement of Vehicles and Visitors
Entry and Movement of Employees
Computers and Networks
Threats
Mail and Packages
Your Role
Insurance
Conclusion
Questions
References
Hazardous Materials
Chapter Objectives
Case Study
Introduction
Background
What Is a Hazardous Waste?
Determining Generator Status
Obtaining an EPA Identification Number
Managing Hazardous Waste On Site
CERCLA
SARA
Worker Protection Standards
Hazard Communication Standard (29 CFR [section]1910.1200)
Written Program
Labeling
Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDSs)
Training
Contingency Plans
Hazardous Waste Disposal
Uniform Hazardous Waste Manifest and DOT Regulations
Additional Reporting Requirements
EPA Wears Many Hats
Conclusion
Questions
References
Bibliography
Construction Safety and the Multiemployer Worksite Doctrine
Chapter Objectives
Case Study
Introduction
Construction Safety Recommendations
Falls from Elevations
Struck by and Caught In-between
Electrical Shock
Other Hazards
Case Study
Trenching
Multiemployer Worksite Policy
Doctrine History
Contractor Qualifications and Programs
Conclusion
Questions
References
Required Written Programs
Chapter Objectives
Case Study
Safety and Health Program
Hazard Communication Program
Emergency Action Plan
Fire Prevention Plan
Emergency Response Plan
Permit-Required Confined Space Plan
Lockout Tagout
Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)
Respiratory Protection
Process Safety Management
Requirements
Written Procedures
Incident Investigation
Emergency Action Plan
Compliance Audits
Conclusion
Questions
Resources on Safety and Health
Agencies and Associations
Ergonomics
Biomechanics
Ergonomic Engineering: Hand and Power Tools
Ergonomics: Behavioral and Psychological Aspects
Ergonomics: General
Ergonomics Management
Industrial Hygiene
Air Pollution and Hazardous Waste
Health Physics and Radiation
Noise Control
Stress
Toxicology
Occupational Safety and Health
Accident Investigation
Electrical Safety
Emergency Response
Fire Prevention and Protection
Health and Safety Education and Training
Inspection and Audits
Regulatory Compliance
References
29 CFR 1910-OSHA General (Industry Standards Summary and Checklist
29 CFR 1926-OSHA Construction Standards Summary and Checklist
Anthropometric Data
Index
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