Person and Object A Metaphysical Study

ISBN-10: 0812694287

ISBN-13: 9780812694284

Edition: N/A

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Description: Leibniz, Reid, Brentano and many other philosophers have held that, by considering certain obvious facts about ourselves, we can arrive at an understanding of the general principles of metaphysics. The present book is intended to confirm this view. One kind of philosophical puzzlement arises when we have an apparent conflict of intuitions. If we are philosophers, we then try to show that the apparent conflict of intuitions is only an apparent conflict and not a real one. If we fail, we may have to say that what we took to be an apparent conflict of intuitions was in fact a conflict of apparent intuitions, and then we must decide which of the conflicting intuitions is only an apparent intuition. But if we succeed, then both of the intuitions will be preserved. Since there was an apparent conflict, we will have to conclude that the formulation of at least one of the intuitions was defective. And though the formulation may be imbedded in our ordinary language, we will have to say that, strictly and philosophically, a different formulation is to be preferred. But to make it clear that we are not rejecting the intuition we are reformulating, we must show systematically how to interpret the ordinary formulation into the philosophical one. The extent to which we can show this will be one mark our success in dealing with philosophical puzzle. Another will be the extent to which our proposed solution contributes to the solution of still other philosophical puzzles.

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Book details

Publisher: Open Court Publishing Company
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 232
Size: 5.00" wide x 7.75" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 0.594
Language: English

An analytic philosopher, Roderick M. Chisholm is a meticulous epistemologist, although he also addresses historical figures and basic issues in metaphysics. He was born in Massachusetts, educated at Brown and Harvard universities, and in 1947 returned to Brown, where, with the exception of many visiting appointments, he has spent his academic career. Three important influences on Chisholm were Thomas Reid, Franz Brentano, and George Moore whose close attention to detail he owes something of his own style. All three were deeply concerned with perception, which is a major theme of Chisholm's work. His 1957 book, Perceiving, is a discussion of philosophical puzzles of perception and an attempt to resolve them. He also has written important studies of Brentano and of abstract concepts in philosophy of mind.

Preface
Introduction
An Approach to Philosophy
Philosophical Data
Some Objections Considered
Premature Speculations
A Minimum Philosophical Vocabulary
The Direct Awareness of the Self
A Philosophical Question
Acquaintance: A Preliminary Statement
Self-Presenting States
Direct Acquaintance
Individuation Per Se
The Humean Tradition
The Kantian Considerations
Inner Perception
Agency
'He Could Have Done Otherwise'
Some Unsatisfactory Answers
A Proposed Solution
Freedom and Indeterminism
The Agent as Cause
A Note on Deliberate Omission
Endeavouring
Purposive Activity
Some Further Philosophical Questions
Identity through Time
The Ship of Theseus
Playing Loose with the 'Is' of Identity
An Interpretation of Bishop Butler's Theses
Feigning Identity
The Persistence of Persons through Time
'Will I Be He?': Truth-Conditions and Criteria
States of Affairs
Introduction
The Ontology of States of Affairs
Some Alternative Conceptions
Propositions
The Times and Places of States of Affairs
Events
Recurrence
Events as Coming into Being and Passing Away
De Re Explanation
Cause and Effect: De Dicto and De Re
Perception
Particular Occurrences
Individual Things
Appendix
The Doctrine of Temporal Parts
Temporal Parts
The Argument from Spatial Analogy
Phillip Drunk and Phillip Sober
Does the Doctrine Help Us?
Mereological Essentialism
The Principle of Mereological Essentialism
Mereological Inessentialism
Other Possibilities
Principles of Mereology
Mereological Change
The Problem of Increase
The Objects of Belief and Endeavour
Introduction
De Dicto Belief and Endeavour
De Re Belief and Endeavour
Belief De Re as a Species of Belief De Dicto
A Note on 'Knowing Who'
Some Interrelations Between De Dicto and De Re
Knowledge, Evidence and Reasonable Belief
Epistemic Preferability
The Certain and the Evident
The Directly Evident
Making Evident
Knowledge
Summary of Definitions
Notes
Index
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