Cross Dressing, Sex, and Gender

ISBN-10: 0812214315
ISBN-13: 9780812214314
Edition: 1993
List price: $27.50
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Description: In any society, the perception of femininity and masculinity is not necessarily dependent on female or male genitalia. Cross dressing, gender impersonation, and long-term masquerades of the opposite sex are commonplace throughout history. In  More...

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Book details

List price: $27.50
Copyright year: 1993
Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press
Publication date: 1/1/1993
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 400
Size: 6.00" wide x 9.00" long x 1.00" tall
Weight: 1.386
Language: English

In any society, the perception of femininity and masculinity is not necessarily dependent on female or male genitalia. Cross dressing, gender impersonation, and long-term masquerades of the opposite sex are commonplace throughout history. In contemporary American culture, the behavior occurs most often among male heterosexuals and homosexuals, sometimes for erotic pleasure, sometimes not. In the past, however, cross dressing was for the most part practiced more often by women than men. Although males often burlesqued women and gave comic impersonations of them, they rarely attempted a change of public gender until the twentieth century. This phenomenon, according to Vern L. Bullough and Bonnie Bullough, has implications for any understanding of the changing relationships between the sexes in the twentieth century. In most Western societies, being a man and demonstrating masculinity is more highly prized than being a woman and displaying femininity. Some non-Western societies, however, are more tolerant and even encourage men to behave like women and women to act like men. Cross Dressing, Sex, and Gender not only surveys cross dressing and gender impersonation throughout history and in a variety of cultures but also examines the medical, biological, psychological, and sociological findings that have been presented in the modern scientific literature. This volume offers the results of the authors' research into contemporary gender issues and the search for explanations. After examining the various current theories regarding cross dressing and gender impersonation, the Bulloughs offer their own theory. This book, widely deemed a classic in its field, is the culmination of thirty years of research by the Bulloughs into gender impersonation and cross dressing. Their groundbreaking findings will be of interest to anyone involved in the debate over nature versus nurture, and have implications not only for scholars in the various social sciences and sex and gender studies, but for educators, nurses, physicians, feminists, gays, lesbians, and general readers. This work will be of more personal interest to anyone who identifies as a transvestite or transsexual or who has been classified by medical and psychiatric professionals as suffering from gender dysphoria. Cross Dressing, Sex, and Gender covers a wide range of cultures and periods. As the first comprehensive attempt to examine the phenomenon of cross dressing, it will be of interest to students and scholars of social history, sociology, nursing, and women's studies.

Introduction
Notes
Cultural and Historical Background
Cross Dressing in Perspective
Notes
Mythology and History in the Ancient World
Notes
Cross Dressing and Social Status in the Middle Ages
Notes
Playing with Gender: Cross Dressing in the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries
Notes
Cross-Dressing Women and Men
Notes
Challenges to the Hierarchy
Notes
Women and Cross Dressing in the Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Centuries
Notes
Men, Gender Concepts, and Transvestism in the Nineteenth Century
Notes
Modern Perspectives
the Development of the Medical Model
Notes
Drag Queens and Cross Dressing on the Stage
Notes
Transsexualism
Notes
the Emergence of Organized Transvestism and Its Implications
Notes
Current Explanations of Cross Dressing
Notes
What to Do About Cross Dressing
Postscript
Notes
Guide to Further Reading and Research
Index

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