American Atom A Documentary History of Nuclear Policies from the Discovery of Fission to the Present

ISBN-10: 0812213548
ISBN-13: 9780812213546
Edition: 2nd 1992 (Revised)
List price: $29.95 Buy it from $9.94
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Description: Debate over nuclear policy, whether about nuclear weapons or nuclear energy, most often focuses on issues of the present or the future. The documents collected inThe American Atomremind us, however, that the issues involved have a pasthellip;We  More...

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Book details

List price: $29.95
Edition: 2nd
Copyright year: 1992
Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press
Publication date: 2/1/1992
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 392
Size: 6.00" wide x 9.00" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 1.342
Language: English

Debate over nuclear policy, whether about nuclear weapons or nuclear energy, most often focuses on issues of the present or the future. The documents collected inThe American Atomremind us, however, that the issues involved have a pasthellip;We follow the story of J. Robert Oppenheimer, the 'father of the American bomb,' thorough his letters, observations of those close to the Manhattan Project and testimony to the Atomic Energy Commission. President Dwight Eisenhower's 1953 'Atoms for Peace' speech demonstrates how far back calls for nuclear sanity go, and the listing of nuclear-weapons accidents shows how dangerous it may be to ignore those calls.

Robert C. Williams is Vail Professor of History Emeritus at Davidson College and lecturer in history at Bates College. His books include Klaus Fuchs: Atom Spy; Russian Art and American Money, 1900-1940; and The American Atom: A Documentary History of Nuclear Energy (with Philip Cantelon). He lives in Center Lovell, Maine.

Introduction
The Nuclear Age: Background And Visions
Nuclear Energy: H. G. Wells's Vision, 1914
Leo Szilard and the Discovery of Fission
The Szilard-Einstein Letter, August 2, 1939
The Frisch-Peierls Memorandum, 1940
The MAUD Report, 1941
The Manhattan Project
Letters of J. Robert Oppenheimer, 1942-45
The Quebec Agreement, August 19, 1943
Anglo-American Declaration of Trust, June 13, 1944
Roosevelt-Churchill Hyde Park Aide-Memoire, September 19, 1944
O. R. Frisch, Eyewitness Account of "Trinity" Test, July 1945
General Groves's Report on "Trinity," July 18, 1945
Truman-Stalin Conversation, Potsdam, July 24, 1945
Military Policy Committee Minutes, May 5, 1943
Stimson and the Interim Committee, May 1945
Interim Committee Minutes, May 31, 1945
Science Panel: Recommendations on the Immediate Use of Nuclear Weapons, June 16, 1945
Stimson and the Scientists' Concerns, June 26, 1945
Chicago Scientists' Petition to the President, July 17, 1945
White House Press Release on Hiroshima, August 6, 1945
Atomic Energy In A Postwar World
Henry Stimson to Harry S. Truman, September 11, 1945
The McMahon Bill, December 20, 1945 (Atomic Energy Act of 1946)
The Baruch Plan
"What Is the Atom's Industrial Future?" March 8, 1947
President Dwight D. Eisenhower's ''Atoms for Peace" Address to the United Nations General Assembly
Excerpts from President Eisenhower's Press Conference, March 31, 1954
The Hydrogen Bomb
"Political Implications of Detonation of Atomic Bomb by the U.S.S.R.," Department of State, Policy Planning Staff PPS/58, August 16, 1949
Statement by the President on Announcing the First Atomic Explosion in the USSR, September 23, 1949
USAEC General Advisory Committee Minutes, October 28-30, 1949
USAEC General Advisory Committee Report on the "Super," October 30, 1949
Lewis Strauss to Harry S. Truman, November 25, 1949
Statement by the President on the Hydrogen Bomb, January 31, 1950
Hans Bethe, Comments on the History of the H-bomb, 1954
The Oppenheimer Case
K. D. Nichols, General Manager, AEC, to J. R. Oppenheimer, December 23, 1953
J. R. Oppenheimer to K. D. Nichols, March 4, 1954
Testimony in the Matter of J, Robert Oppenheimer
Findings on the Case of J. Robert Oppenheimer: K. D. Nichols to the USAEC, June 12, 1954
Arthur Holly Compton to Gordon Gray, April 21, 1954, "Evidence Regarding Loyalty of Robert Oppenheimer
Nuclear Testing And The Test Ban
Announced Nuclear Tests, 1945-52
Reported Nuclear Test Explosions, 1945-68
"Civil Defense Faces New Perils," Ralph E. Lapp, 1954
Atomic Energy Commission Meeting 1376, May 21, 1958
Atomic Energy Commission Meeting 1377, May 28, 1958
W. K. Wyant, Jr., ''50,000 Baby Teeth," The Nation, June 13, 1959
Treaty Banning Nuclear Weapon Tests in the Atmosphere, in Outer Space, and Under Water, August 5, 1963
Treaty between the United States of America and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics on the Limitation of Underground Nuclear Weapon Tests, July 3, 1974
Protocol to the Treaty between the United States of America and the Union of Soviet Socialist Reepublics on the Limitation of Underground Nuclear Weapon Tests, July 3, 1937
Deterrence
Bernard Brodie, The Absolute Weapon, 1946
John Foster Dulles on "Massive Retaliation," 1954
Herman Kahn, On Thermonuclear War, 1960
Robert McNamara and Counterforce "No Cities" Doctrine, 1962
Presidential Directive 59, 1980
President Ronald Reagan on Deterrence, November 23, 1982
Arms Control
"Broken Arrows": Nuclear Weapons Accidents, 1950-68
White House Statement on the Soviet Missile Sites in Cuba, October 26, 1962
White House Statement on Soviet Proposals Relating to International Security, October 27, 1962
Message to Chairman Khrushchev Calling for Removal of Soviet Missiles From Cuba, October 27, 1962
Message in Reply to a Broadcast by Chairman Khrushchev on the Cuban Crisis, October 28, 1962
Statement by the President Following the Soviet Decision to Withdraw Missiles from Cuba, October 28, 1952
Memorandum of Understanding between the United States of America and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics Regarding the Establishment of a Direct Communications Link, June 20, 1963 (with Annex)
Treaty on the Nonproliferation of Nuclear Weapons, March 5, 1970
Treaty between the United States of America and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics on the L�Ǡ
Interim Agreement between the United States of America and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republi�Ǡ
USA-USSR Agreement to Reduce the Risk of Nuclear War Outbreak, September 30, 1972
Protocol to the Treaty Between the United States of America and the Union of Soviet Socialist Re�Ǡ
Salt II Treaty between the United States of America and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics �Ǡ
U.S. Bishops' Pastoral Letter on War and Peace: A Summary
William P. Clark, National Security Council, to Archbishop Joseph L. Bernadin, Chairman of the N�Ǡ
Nuclear Power
Atomic Energy Act of 1954 (selections)
Report of the AEC Advisory Committee on Reactor Safeguards on the Fermi Nuclear Power Plant, 195�Ǡ
AFL-CIO Statement on Fermi, 1956
Preliminary Report on Fuel Damage in Fermi Reactor, 1966
Calved Cliffs Coordinating Committee versus U.S. Atomic Energy Committee, 1971
Three Mile Island; Nuclear News Special Report, April 6, 1979
Afterword
Index

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