History of Psychology A Cultural Perspective

ISBN-10: 0805856102
ISBN-13: 9780805856101
Edition: 2006
List price: $56.95 Buy it from $36.74
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Description: i History of Psychology: A Cultural Perspective /i easily distinguishes itself from other texts in a number of ways. First, it examines the field within the rich intellectual and cultural context of everyday life, cross-cultural influences, and  More...

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Book details

List price: $56.95
Copyright year: 2006
Publisher: Taylor & Francis Group
Publication date: 2/24/2006
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 432
Size: 6.00" wide x 8.75" long x 1.00" tall
Weight: 1.298
Language: English

i History of Psychology: A Cultural Perspective /i easily distinguishes itself from other texts in a number of ways. First, it examines the field within the rich intellectual and cultural context of everyday life, cross-cultural influences, and contributions from literature, art, and other disciplines. Second, it is a history of ideas, concepts, and questions, instead of dates, events, or great minds. Third, the book explores the history of applied, developmental, clinical, and cognitive psychology as well as experimental psychology. br br Conveyed in a lively writing style, this text tells a gripping story that continues to the present day. Its current perspective allows students to connect the history of the field to the work being published in current journals. O'Boyle writes in the "historical present," giving readers a sense of immediacy and aliveness as they journey through history. Her account uses imaginative new features, including "The Times," which gives readers a feel for what everyday life was like during the age discussed in the chapter. Descriptions of ordinary life, as well as information about important issues influencing their lives such as wars, social movements, famines, and plagues, pique students' interest. "Stop and Think" questions, scattered throughout, enhance retention and encourage critical thinking. br br An ideal text for a history of psychology or history and systems of psychology course, this creative new book will also appeal to those with a general interest in the field. br br The Instructor's Resource CD, written by the text author, includes class activities and demonstrations, suggestions for small group and class discussions, a list of films andvideos related to the material in each chapter, and a test bank with objective and essay questions. br

Foreword
List of Photographs and Illustrations
Preface
Origins of Psychological Thought: Why Do Other People Have Such Bizarre Beliefs and Behave So Strangely?
The Questions of Psychology
Universal Psychological Characteristics
Perceptual and Cognitive Influences
Biases in Processing Information
Important Distinctions Across Time and Culture
The Place of Humans and Other Animals in the Universe
Relationships Between the Self and Others
Desire for Power or Degree of Control That an Individual Can Have
Ways of Coming to Believe
Trust
Reason
Experience
Folk Psychology
Conclusions About the Answers
A Science of Psychology
The Greek Psyche
Modern Definitions
From Greek Philosophy to the Middle Ages: What and How Do We Believe?
What We Believe and How We Come to Believe
The Significance of Greek Culture
Greek Antiquity
The Classical Greek World
Transitions in Ontology
Transitions in Epistemology
Reasons for the Transitions
Choosing an Epistemology
Belief Systems in Classical Greece
The True Reality of Numbers
Natural Philosophy
The Greek Physis
Platonic Philosophy
The Aristotelian Milieu
Aristotle's Psychology
End of an Era
Transition of Power to Rome
Philosophies of Personal Happiness
Stoicism
Epicureanism
Mystery Religions
After Rome
The Early Middle Ages in Europe
Neo-Platonism
Augustinian Doctrines of Christianity
Implications of Religious Thought for Psychology
A Period of Intellectual Stagnation
From an Age of Spirits to Humanism: How Many Angels Can Dance on the Head of a Pin?
Philosophy in the Middle East
Byzantine Influences
Islamic Religion and Philosophy
Natural Philosophy in Islamic Thought
The High Middle Ages in Europe
The Search for Stability
The Power of the Roman Church
Scholasticism
The Problem of Knowledge
Summary of Scholastic Thought
The Consequences of Scholasticism
The Black Death
A Psychology of Disaster
Challenging the Church
Humanism: A New Focus
Disease and Famine
Secular Powers Grow Stronger
A New Way of Knowing
Inherited Assumptions
Epistemology for a New Age
From Certainty to Doubt in the West
The Certainty of Trust
The Costs of Trust
Cracks in the Foundation of Faith
Individualism
Humanism
The Centrality of Human Perspective
Skepticism Returns
A Skeptical Perspective
The Discomfort of Doubt
Empirical Discovery: Two Steps Forward
Human Potential
Medicine
Human Nature
Evidence
And One Step Back: The Church Reacts
The Certainty of Mathematics
Revealed Truth in Nature
Cosmology
Psychological and Theological Consequences
The Birth of Science: Is There Anything You Cannot Doubt?
Revolution Is in the Air
Ontological Revolution
Epistemological Revolution
A New Way of Knowing
False Idols of Knowledge
Knowledge Is Power
Philosophy Must Be Divorced From Religion
Begin With Inductive Reason
Natural Philosophy Must Be Dynamic, Cooperative, and Cumulative
The Physical Universe
The Role of Measurement
Knowledge and Opinion
Signs as Evidence
Reasons to Measure
Uses of Measurement
Rationalism as Another Way of Knowing
Antiauthoritarian
Skepticism and Naturalism Are Dangerous
The Rational Method
Introspection
Weaknesses in Human Reason
The Rational Process
Rational Conclusions
Trust Sensory Information
Innate Ideas
Mechanism
The Consequences of Rationalism
A Case Study: The Enlightened Mind and 300 Years of Witch Persecution
Magic, Science, and Religion
Irrational Thought Reigns
Scientific Evidence Against Witches
Paradigm for a New Age
The Scientific Paradigm
The Principles of Newtonian Science
The Goals of Scientific Study
The Modern Scientific Paradigm
Scientific Assumptions
Scientific Questions
Scientific Methods
Philosophical Answers to Psychological Questions: If a Tree Falls in the Forest and There Is No One Around to Hear It, Does It Make a Sound?
Philosophers and Philosophies of the Human
The Women
The Selfish Motive
The Blank Slate
Everything Is God
Religious Skepticism
Nature and Mind
Appearance Is Truth
Categories of Thought
Summary of Philosophical Speculation
Romantic Rebellions
Literature
Romantic Psychologies
Scientific Progress
Physics and Chemistry
Relevance to Psychology
Biology's Connections With Psychology
Philosophical Psychology
Political Science and Economics
Human Nature
Positivism
Natural History and Psychology
Early Evolutionary Theory
Natural Selection
Relevance for Psychology
Physiological to Experimental Psychology: Can Consciousness Be Inspected?
Physiological Psychology
Vitalism and the Study of the Human
Neurophysiology
The Sensory System
Physiological Conclusions
Psychophysics
Romantic Ideas
Art and Literature
Romantic Philosophy
The Rejection of a Science of Consciousness
Spiritualism and the Occult
Structure and Function: Measuring Mind
The Origin of Human Mind
Mental Measurement
Statistics and Mental Measurement
Exploring the Contents of Consciousness
German Experimental Psychology
Experimental Psychology Outside of Germany
Unconscious Mind
A Divided Discipline: What Is the Function of Mind?
Divisions Created by Ideas
Elementalism
Holism
Evolutionary Principles
Psychology Follows Many Paths
The Study of Consciousness
Comparative Psychology
Physiological Psychology
Medical Psychology
Madness
Early Explanations
Enlightened Lunacy
Modern Madness
The Reformers
Science and Insanity
Empirical Psychology: A Uniquely North American Blend
The Women
Functionalism
Higher Mental Functions
Pragmatic American Functionalism
The Methods of Functionalism
A Science of Behavior: Is Consciousness a Myth?
The Landscape Changes
Elementalism and Evolution
From Introspection to Experimentation
Physiological Bases for Psychology
The Physiology of Vision
Psychological Characteristics
Instincts and Habits
The Behaviorists' Manifesto
Psychological Testing
Immigrant Testing
Army Testing During the Great War
Army Testing After the War
Eugenics
School Testing
Industrial Applications
Behaviorism After the Great War
Stimulus-Response Theory
Russian Physiological Associationism
Personality
The Conditioned Reflex
Weird Science
Physical Science and Science Fiction
Psychic Research
Paradigms Proliferate: Is There an Unconscious Mind?
Gestalt Psychology
The Phi Phenomenon
Animal Insight
An Experimental Test of Gestalt Theory
Gestalt Principles of Perception
Gestalt Notions of Consciousness
Application Versus Pure Science
Industrial Psychology
Psychologists' Advice for Increasing the Supply
Increasing the Demand: Advertising
Clinical Applications
Mental Hygiene
Psychoanalysis
Secessions From Freud
Relations Between Psychoanalysis and Psychology
Psychoanalytic Influences on Clinical Psychology
Freud's Cultural Context
Child Study and Developmental Psychology
Social Psychology/Sociology
Age of Theory: Why Are There So Many Different Psychological Theories?
Psychology and the Scientific Method
Developments in Statistics and Measurement
Learning Theories
Learning Theorists' Goals
Questions About Learning
Learning Theorists' Answers
Comparative Psychology and Learning
Learning Theory and the Psyche
Social and Personality Theory
Methods in Social Research
Social Theorists' Questions
Developmental Theory
Clinical Psychology
Personnel Testing
Educational Testing
Intelligence Testing
Diagnostic Testing
Psychotic Mental Illness
Neurotic Mental Illness
When Motivation Is the Question: Why Do We Do What We Do?
Experimental Psychology
Learning and Motivation
Physiological Learning
Mathematical/Mechanistic Learning
The Contingencies of Reinforcement
Learning and Loss of Motivation
Information Processing
Comparative Psychology
Ethology
Animal Psychology
Interactions
Integration and Synthesis
Developmental Psychology
Attachment and Loss
Social Learning Theory
Temperament
Social Psychology
The Zeitgeist
Social Statistics and Research Designs
Ethics in Research
The Humanistic/Existential Movement
Reasons for Humanistic Theory
Humanistic Psychology as Personality Theory
Humanistic Psychology as Therapy
The Fate of the Humanistic Movement
Clinical Psychology
Defining Personality
Causes of Mental Illness
Therapy
The Effectiveness of Therapy
The Mind Returns: What Questions Are Psychologists Exploring Now?
From Learning to Cognition
Cognitive Science
Artificial Intelligence
Neuroscience
Cognitive Neuroscience
Comparative Psychology
Sociobiology
Evolutionary Psychology
Animal Language Learning
Social Psychology
Social Cognition
Cultural Influences on Social Behavior
Developmental Psychology
Infant Skills
Behavior Genetics
The Role of Nurture
The Nature of the Interaction
Future Directions
Statistical and Methodological Changes
Clinical Psychology
Treatments
The Future of Clinical Psychology
Positive Psychology
Psychology of Women
Psychology of Religion
Industrial/Organizational Psychology
Psychology for Tomorrow
Glossary
References
Name Index
Subject Index

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