Backgrounds of Early Christianity

ISBN-10: 0802822215

ISBN-13: 9780802822215

Edition: 3rd 2003

Authors: Everett Ferguson
List price: $42.00 Buy it from $14.24
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Book details

List price: $42.00
Edition: 3rd
Copyright year: 2003
Publisher: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company
Publication date: 8/19/2003
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 672
Size: 6.70" wide x 9.50" long x 1.25" tall
Weight: 2.244
Language: English

Preface
Acknowledgments
Abbreviations
General Bibliography
Introduction: Perspectives on Parallels
Political History
Introduction
Near East Before Alexander
Persian Empire
Greece
Alexander the Great
Macedonia
Life of Alexander III (356-323)
Alexander's Influence
The Hellenistic Kingdoms
The Diadochi
Ptolemies--Egypt
Seleucids--Syria
Rome
The Roman Genius
Rome and the West
Rome and the East
The Later Republic: Civil Wars
Augustus (31 B.C.-A.D. 14)
The Early Empire
The Later Empire
Administration of the Empire
Cities
Provinces
Client Kingdoms
Political Connections of the New Testament
Society and Culture
Introduction
The Roman Military
The Legions
Emblems, Weapons, and Dress
Auxiliaries
Praetorian Guard
Other Units
Social Classes
The Senatorial Order
The Equestrian Order
Municipal Aristocracies
Plebeians and Other Free Persons
Freedmen
Slavery
Roman Citizenship
Roman Law
Social Relationships
Patron-Client Relationship
Friendship
Social Networks
Honor and Shame
Social Morality
Marriage and Family
Place of Women
Children
Economic Life
Trade and Travel
Coinage
Taxation
Clothing and Appearance
Entertainment
Theatres
Athletics
Arenas
Circuses
Gymnasia and Baths
Banquets
Music
Education
Literature and Language
Authors
Rhetoric
Literary Forms and Genres
Making of Books
Reading and Studying of Books
Inscriptions and Papyri
Language
Art and Architecture
Clubs and Associations
Greek Clubs
Roman Colleges
Egyptian Associations
The Statutes of an Association
Conclusion
Hellenistic-Roman Religions
Ancient Greek Religion
The Epic Age: Homer
Hesiod
The Archaic Period
Signs of Dissolution in the Classical Age
Ancient Roman Religion
Deities
Religious Personnel
Religious Observances
Soul and the Dead
Characteristics of Roman Religion
Religion in Hellenistic-Roman Times: General Characteristics
Domestic and Rural Religion
Greek
Roman
Civic Cults
Priesthood
Ritual Prescriptions
Sacrifice
Votive Offerings
Prayers and Hymns
Festivals
Other Features
A Sample of a Civic Cult: Ephesus and Artemis
Ruler Cult
Antecedents and Presuppositions
Historical Developments
Forms of the Imperial Cult
Personal Religion
Oracles
Dreams and Divination
Healing Cults
Magic and Maledictions
Imprecations and Oaths
Demons and Superstition
Astrology, Astral Religion, and Fate
Death and the Afterlife
Greek Mysteries and Eastern Religions
Local Mysteries
Eleusinian Mysteries
Dionysiac Mysteries
Egyptian Deities: Isis, Osiris, and Sarapis
Phoenician Deities: Astarte and Adonis
Syrian Deities: Atargatis and Others
Phrygian Deities: Cybele and Attis
A Persian Deity: Mithras
Mystery Religions and Christianity
Gnosticism, Hermetic Literature, Chaldaean Oracles
The Term Gnosticism
Sources for Study
Origins of Gnosticism
Characteristic Features
Gnosticism in the New Testament
The Hermetica
Chaldaean Oracles
Later Developments: Monotheism and Sun Worship
Hellenistic-Roman Philosophies
Introduction
Philosophy as Religion
Philosophy as Ethics
Popular Philosophy
Philosophy and Individualism
Philosophy in Its Social Setting
Sophists and Socrates
The Sophists
Socrates (469-399 B.C.)
Plato and the Academy to the First Century
Life of Plato (429-347 B.C.)
The Dialogues
Plato's Thought
Plato's Influence
The Old Academy
The Skeptical Academy
The Eclectic Academy
Aristotle and the Peripatetics
Life of Aristotle (384-322 B.C.)
Aristotle's Thought
Aristotle's Influence
Theophrastus (370-285 B.C.)
Strato
Later History and General Character
Aspects of the Peripatetic Legacy
Skepticism
Pyrrho (C. 360-C. 270 B.C.)
Aenesidemus
Sextus Empiricus (C. A.D. 200)
Influence of Skepticism
Cynicism
Beginnings of Cynicism
Cynic Characteristics
Dio of Prusa (A.D. 40 to after 112)
Lucian of Samosata (C. A.D. 120 to after 180)
Stoicism
Early Stoa
Stoic Physics
Stoic Logic and Epistemology
Stoic Ethics
Middle Stoa
Later Stoa: Roman Stoicism
Stoicism and Christianity
Epicureanism
Epicurus and His School
Lucretius (94-55 B.C.)
Epicurean Physics
Epicurean Epistemology
Epicurean Ethics
Estimate and Comparisons
Eclecticism
Characteristics
Cicero (106-43 B.C.)
Neopythagoreanism
Pythagoras
The Pythagorean Revival
Apollonius of Tyana and Philostratus
Numenius
Middle Platonism
Characteristics
Plutarch (C. A.D. 50-after 120)
Plotinus and Neoplatonism
Life of Plotinus (A.D. 205-270)
Plotinus's System
Later Neoplatonists
Judaism
Jewish History, 538 B.C. To A.D. 200
The Persian Period (538-332 B.C.)
The Greek Period (332-167 B.C.)
The Maccabean or Hasmonean Period (167-63 B.C.)
The Roman Period (from 63 B.C.)
Jews in the Early Roman Empire
Jewish Literature and Other Sources in the Hellenistic and Roman Periods
The Old Testament in Greek
Jewish Literature in Greek: Fragments
Apocrypha
Pseudepigrapha
Dead Sea Scrolls
Apocalyptic Writings
Philo
Josephus
Rabbinic Literature
Jewish Mysticism
Archaeological Sources
Pagan References to Jews
Parties and Sects
Pharisees
Sadducees
Qumran Community, Essenes, and Therapeutae
Zealots
Herodians
Samaritans
Beliefs and Practices
One God
Israel, the Chosen People
Torah, Tradition, and Scripture
Proselytes and Godfearers
Messianism and the Glorious Destiny
Afterlife
Festivals and Holy Days
Daily Devotions
Organization and Institutions
Temple and Priesthood
Sanhedrin
Community Organization
Rabbis
Synagogue
Christianity in the Ancient World
Literary References to Christianity in Non-Christian Sources
Latin Authors
Greek Authors
Jewish Sources in Greek
Jewish Sources in Hebrew and Aramaic
Archaeological Remains Bearing on Early Christian History
Inscriptions
Papyri
Coins
Some Claimed Archaeological Remains of Early Christianity
Rotas-Sator Word Square
The "Cross" at Herculaneum
Ossuaries
The Tomb of Peter
Attitudes of Pagans toward Christians
The Legal Status of Christianity
Hindrances to the Acceptance of Christianity
Religious Rivals
Judaism
Pagan Religion and Philosophy
Gnosticism and Other Rival Versions of Christianity
Jewish Christianity
Factors Favorable to Christianity
External Circumstances
Hellenistic Judaism
Religious Quest
What Was Unique in Christianity?
Index of Subjects
Index of Scripture References
Map of the Ancient World
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