Ethical Imperialism Institutional Review Boards and the Social Sciences, 1965-2009

ISBN-10: 0801894905
ISBN-13: 9780801894909
Edition: 2010
List price: $48.00
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Description: University researchers in the United States seeking to observe, survey, or interview people are required first to complete ethical training courses and to submit their proposals to an institutional review board (IRB). Under current rules, IRBs have  More...

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Book details

List price: $48.00
Copyright year: 2010
Publisher: Johns Hopkins University Press
Publication date: 7/29/2010
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 264
Size: 6.25" wide x 9.25" long x 1.25" tall
Weight: 1.100
Language: English

University researchers in the United States seeking to observe, survey, or interview people are required first to complete ethical training courses and to submit their proposals to an institutional review board (IRB). Under current rules, IRBs have the power to deny funding, degrees, or promotion if their recommended modifications to scholars' proposals are not followed. This volume explains how this system of regulation arose and discusses its chilling effects on research in the social sciences and humanities.Zachary M. Schrag draws on original research and interviews with the key shapers of the institutional review board regime to raise important points about the effect of the IRB process on scholarship. He explores the origins and the application of these regulations and analyzes how the rules -- initially crafted to protect the health and privacy of the human subjects of medical experiments -- can limit even casual scholarly interactions such as a humanist interviewing a poet about his or her writing. In assessing the issue, Schrag argues that biomedical researchers and bioethicists repeatedly excluded social scientists from rule making and ignored the existing ethical traditions in nonmedical fields. Ultimately, he contends, IRBs not only threaten to polarize medical and social scientists, they also create an atmosphere wherein certain types of academics can impede and even silence others.The first work to document the troubled emergence of today's system of regulating scholarly research, Ethical Imperialism illuminates the problems caused by simple, universal rule making in academic and professional research. This short, smart analysis will engage scholars across academia.

Preface
List of Abbreviations
Introduction
Ethics and Committees
The Spread of Institutional Review
The National Commission
The Belmont Report
The Battle for Social Science
D�tente and Crackdown
The Second Battle for Social Science
Accommodation or Resistance?
Conclusion
Notes
Index

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