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| |

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What Electricity Is | |

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| |

The Importance of the Study of Electricity | |

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| |

Early History | |

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| |

Early History | |

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| |

The Electron Theory | |

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| |

The Breakdown of Matter | |

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| |

The Structure of the Molecule | |

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| |

The Structure of the Atom | |

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| |

Electric Current and Electric Charge | |

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| |

Review of Electricity--What It is | |

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| |

Self-Test--Review Questions | |

| |

| |

Conductors/Insulators/Semiconductors | |

| |

| |

What a Conductor Is | |

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| |

What an Insulator Is | |

| |

| |

What a Semiconductor Is | |

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| |

Review of Conductors, Insulators, Semiconductors | |

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| |

Self-Test--Review Questions | |

| |

| |

Electric Charges | |

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| |

What Electric Charges Are | |

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| |

Static Charges from Friction | |

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| |

Attraction and Repulsion of Electric Charges | |

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| |

Electric Fields | |

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| |

Transfer of Electric Charges through Contact | |

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| |

Transfer of Electric Charges through Induction | |

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| |

Discharge of Electric Charges | |

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| |

Review of Electric Charges | |

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| |

Self-Test--Review Questions | |

| |

| |

Magnetism | |

| |

| |

Natural Magnets | |

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| |

Permanent Magnets | |

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| |

The Nature of Magnetic Materials | |

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| |

Magnetic Fields | |

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| |

Review of Magnetism | |

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| |

Self-Test--Review Questions | |

| |

| |

Current Flow--What It Is | |

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| |

Electrons in Motion | |

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| |

Direction of Current Flow | |

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| |

Units of Current Flow | |

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| |

Review of Current Flow | |

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| |

Self-Test--Review Questions | |

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| |

What Causes Current Flow--EMF | |

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| |

What Work Is | |

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| |

What EMF (Electromotive Force) Is | |

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| |

What Electric Power Is | |

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| |

How EMF Is Maintained | |

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| |

Voltage and Current Flow | |

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| |

Review of EMF or Voltage | |

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| |

Self-Test--Review Questions | |

| |

| |

How Electricity Is Produced and Used | |

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| |

Electricity Is the Means for Transporting Power | |

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| |

How Electricity Is Produced | |

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| |

Uses of Electricity | |

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| |

Electricity Produced from Frictional Energy (Static Electricity) | |

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| |

Electricity Produced from Pressure/Pressure Produced from Electricity | |

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| |

Electricity Produced from Heat (and Cold) | |

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| |

Heat Produced from Electricity | |

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| |

Electricity Produced from Light | |

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| |

Light Produced from Electricity | |

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| |

Electricity Produced from Chemical Action | |

| |

| |

Chemical Action Produced from Electricity | |

| |

| |

Electricity Produced from Magnetism | |

| |

| |

Magnetism Produced from Electricity | |

| |

| |

Review of How Electricity Is Produced | |

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| |

Review of How Electricity Is Used | |

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| |

Self-Test--Review Questions | |

| |

| |

Electromagnetism | |

| |

| |

Electromagnetism | |

| |

| |

Magnetic Fields around a Conductor | |

| |

| |

Magnetic Fields around a Coil | |

| |

| |

Electromagnets | |

| |

| |

Review of Electromagnetism | |

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| |

Self-Test--Review Questions | |

| |

| |

How a Meter Works | |

| |

| |

The Basic Meter Movement | |

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| |

Meter Movement Considerations | |

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| |

How Meter Scales Are Read | |

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| |

Usable Meter Range | |

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| |

Review of How a Meter Works | |

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| |

Self-Test--Review Questions | |

| |

| |

How Current Is Measured | |

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| |

Measuring the Units of Current Flow | |

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| |

How Small Currents Are Measured | |

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| |

How Units of Current Are Converted | |

| |

| |

Milliammeters and Microammeters | |

| |

| |

How Ammeter Ranges Are Converted | |

| |

| |

Multirange Ammeters | |

| |

| |

How Ammeters Are Connected into Circuits | |

| |

| |

Review of How Current Is Measured | |

| |

| |

Self-Test--Review Questions | |

| |

| |

How Voltage Is Measured | |

| |

| |

Units of Voltage | |

| |

| |

Converting Units of Voltage | |

| |

| |

How a Voltmeter Works | |

| |

| |

How a Voltmeter Is Used | |

| |

| |

Voltmeter Ranges | |

| |

| |

Multirange Voltmeters | |

| |

| |

Review of Voltage Units and Measurement | |

| |

| |

Self-Test--Review Questions | |

| |

| |

What Controls Current Flow-Resistance | |

| |

| |

What Resistance Is | |

| |

| |

Units of Resistance | |

| |

| |

Factors Controlling Resistance | |

| |

| |

Review of Resistance | |

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| |

Self-Test--Review Questions | |

| |

| |

Review | |

| |

| |

Review of Current (I), Voltage (E), and Resistance (R) | |

| |

| |

Introducing Ohm's Law | |

| |

| |

The Relationship of Current, Voltage, and Resistance | |

| |

| |

Table of the Elements | |

| |

| |

| |

| |

| |

Electric Circuits | |

| |

| |

What a Circuit Is | |

| |

| |

DC and AC Circuits | |

| |

| |

The Electric Circuit | |

| |

| |

The Load | |

| |

| |

Switches | |

| |

| |

Simple Circuit Connections | |

| |

| |

Review of Electric Circuits | |

| |

| |

Self-Test--Review Questions | |

| |

| |

Ohm's Law | |

| |

| |

The Relationship of Voltage, Current, and Resistance | |

| |

| |

The Magic Triangle | |

| |

| |

Ohm's Law Rules | |

| |

| |

Ohm's Law Examples | |

| |

| |

Ohm's Law Drill | |

| |

| |

Review of Ohm's Law | |

| |

| |

Experiment/Application--Ohm's Law | |

| |

| |

Resistance | |

| |

| |

Resistors--Use, Construction, and Properties | |

| |

| |

Resistor Tolerance and Values | |

| |

| |

Resistor Color Code | |

| |

| |

How Resistance Is Measured | |

| |

| |

Review of Resistance (Including Material from Volume 1) | |

| |

| |

Self-Test--Review Questions (Including Material from Volume 1) | |

| |

| |

DC Series Circuits | |

| |

| |

The Series Circuit | |

| |

| |

Resistance in Series Circuits | |

| |

| |

Current Flow in Series Circuits | |

| |

| |

Voltage in Series Circuits--Kirchhoff's Second Law | |

| |

| |

Ohm's Law in Series Circuits | |

| |

| |

Voltage Division in the Series Circuit | |

| |

| |

Variable Resistors | |

| |

| |

Review of Ohm's Law in Series Circuits | |

| |

| |

Self-Test--Review Questions | |

| |

| |

Experiment/Application--Open Circuits | |

| |

| |

Experiment/Application--Short Circuits | |

| |

| |

Experiment/Application--Series Circuit Resistance | |

| |

| |

Experiment/Application--Series Circuit Current | |

| |

| |

Experiment/Application--Series Circuit Voltage/Kirchhoff's Second Law | |

| |

| |

DC Parallel Circuits | |

| |

| |

The Parallel Circuit | |

| |

| |

Voltage in Parallel Circuits | |

| |

| |

Current Flow in Parallel Circuits | |

| |

| |

Equal Resistors in Parallel Circuits | |

| |

| |

Unequal Resistors in Parallel Circuits | |

| |

| |

Experiment/Application--Parallel Circuit Voltage | |

| |

| |

Experiment/Application--Parallel Circuit Current | |

| |

| |

Experiment/Application--Parallel Circuit Resistance | |

| |

| |

Experiment/Application--Parallel Resistances | |

| |

| |

Kirchhoff's First Law | |

| |

| |

Experiment/Application--Kirchhoff's First Law | |

| |

| |

Unequal Resistors in Parallel Circuits (continued) | |

| |

| |

Review of Parallel Circuits | |

| |

| |

Self-Test--Review Questions | |

| |

| |

Applying Ohm's Law in Parallel Circuits | |

| |

| |

Solving Unknowns in Parallel Circuits | |

| |

| |

Review of Ohm's Law and Parallel Circuits | |

| |

| |

Self-Test--Review Questions | |

| |

| |

Experiment/Application--Ohm's Law and Parallel Resistances | |

| |

| |

Experiment/Application--Ohm's Law and Parallel Circuit Current | |

| |

| |

DC Series-Parallel Circuits | |

| |

| |

Series-Parallel Circuits | |

| |

| |

Resistors in Series-Parallel | |

| |

| |

Solving the Bridge Resistor Circuit | |

| |

| |

Ohm's Law in Series-Parallel Circuits--Current | |

| |

| |

Ohm's Law in Series-Parallel Circuits--Voltage | |

| |

| |

Ohm's Law in Series-Parallel Circuits | |

| |

| |

Review of Series-Parallel Circuits | |

| |

| |

Self-Test--Review Questions | |

| |

| |

Experiment/Application--Series-Parallel Connections | |

| |

| |

Experiment/Application--Current in Series-Parallel Circuits | |

| |

| |

Experiment/Application--Voltage in Series-Parallel Circuits | |

| |

| |

Electric Power | |

| |

| |

What Electric Power Is | |

| |

| |

The Power Formula | |

| |

| |

Power Rating of Equipment | |

| |

| |

Fuses | |

| |

| |

Power in Series Circuits | |

| |

| |

Power in Parallel Circuits | |

| |

| |

Power in Complex Circuits | |

| |

| |

Review of Electric Power | |

| |

| |

Self Test--Review Questions | |

| |

| |

Experiment/Application--The Use of Fuses | |

| |

| |

Experiment/Application--How Fuses Protect Equipment | |

| |

| |

Experiment/Application--Power in Series Circuits | |

| |

| |

Experiment/Application--Power in Parallel Circuits | |

| |

| |

Thevenin's and Norton's Theorems | |

| |

| |

Thevenin's Theorem--Voltage Division in the Series Circuit | |

| |

| |

Norton's Theorem--Voltage Division in the Series Circuit | |

| |

| |

Troubleshooting DC Circuits | |

| |

| |

Troubleshooting DC Circuits--Basic Concepts | |

| |

| |

Troubleshooting DC Series Circuits | |

| |

| |

Troubleshooting DC Parallel Circuits | |

| |

| |

Troubleshooting DC Series-Parallel Circuits | |

| |

| |

Drill in Troubleshooting DC Circuits | |

| |

| |

Review of DC Electricity | |

| |

| |

General Review of DC Fundamentals | |

| |

| |

Introduction to Alternating Current | |

| |

| |

Alternating Current | |

| |

| |

Answers to Drill Questions | |

| |

| |

| |

| |

| |

DC and AC Electric Circuits | |

| |

| |

Direct Current and Alternating Current | |

| |

| |

The Three Circuit Elements--Resistance/Inductance/Capacitance | |

| |

| |

Basic Electric Circuit Configurations | |

| |

| |

What Alternating Current Is | |

| |

| |

Why Alternating Current Is Used | |

| |

| |

AC Power Transmission | |

| |

| |

AC Current Flow | |

| |

| |

Waveforms | |

| |

| |

Alternating Current Cycles | |

| |

| |

Elementary Generator Construction | |

| |

| |

Elementary Generator Operation | |

| |

| |

Elementary Generator Output | |

| |

| |

Phase Relationships | |

| |

| |

Alternating Current Frequency | |

| |

| |

Maximum and Peak-to-Peak Values of a Sine Wave | |

| |

| |

Average Value of a Sine Wave | |

| |

| |

RMS or Effective Value of a Sine Wave | |

| |

| |

Review of Alternating Current | |

| |

| |

Self-Test--Review Questions | |

| |

| |

Using Transformers | |

| |

| |

Experiment/Application--RMS Effective Value of AC Voltage | |

| |

| |

Experiment/Application--Use of the Oscilloscope to Observe AC Waveforms | |

| |

| |

AC Meters | |

| |

| |

Why DC Meters Cannot Measure AC | |

| |

| |

Rectifier Type AC Voltmeters | |

| |

| |

Moving-Vane Meter Movements | |

| |

| |

Thermocouple Meters and Hot-Wire Meters | |

| |

| |

AC Ammeters--Current Transformers | |

| |

| |

AC Ammeters--The Clamp-on Ammeter | |

| |

| |

Electrodynamometer Movements | |

| |

| |

Wattmeters | |

| |

| |

Review of AC Meters | |

| |

| |

Self-Test--Review Questions | |

| |

| |

Experiment/Application--AC Voltmeter | |

| |

| |

Resistance in AC Circuits | |

| |

| |

AC Circuits Containing Resistance Only | |

| |

| |

Current and Voltage in Resistive Circuits | |

| |

| |

Power in AC Circuits | |

| |

| |

Power in Resistive Circuits | |

| |

| |

Power Factor--Volt-Amperes | |

| |

| |

Review of Resistance in AC Circuits | |

| |

| |

Self-Test--Review Questions | |

| |

| |

Experiment/Application--Power in Resistive AC Circuits | |

| |

| |

Inductance in DC and AC Circuits | |

| |

| |

Magnetic Fields around a Conductor | |

| |

| |

Magnetic Fields around a Conductor--Fleming's Right-Hand Rule | |

| |

| |

Self-Induction | |

| |

| |

Inductance in a DC Circuit | |

| |

| |

Inductance Symbols | |

| |

| |

Units of Inductance--Relationship to Counter EMF | |

| |

| |

Factors Affecting Inductance | |

| |

| |

Inductive Time Constant in a DC Circuit | |

| |

| |

Inductive Reactance | |

| |

| |

Phase Relationships in AC Inductive Circuits | |

| |

| |

Inductances in Series and in Parallel | |

| |

| |

Power in Inductive Circuits--Review of Power Formulas | |

| |

| |

The Effect of Phase Difference on the AC Power Wave | |

| |

| |

Positive and Negative Power in AC Inductive Circuits | |

| |

| |

Apparent and True Power--Power Factor in AC Circuits | |

| |

| |

Power Factor in AC Circuits | |

| |

| |

Measurement of True Power in AC Circuits | |

| |

| |

Review of Inductance in DC and AC Circuits | |

| |

| |

Self-Test--Review Questions | |

| |

| |

Experiment/Application--Effect of Core Material on Inductance | |

| |

| |

Experiment/Application--Generation of Induced EMF | |

| |

| |

Experiment/Application--Current Flow in Inductive Circuits | |

| |

| |

Experiment/Application--Apparent and True Power | |

| |

| |

Capacitance in DC and AC Circuits | |

| |

| |

Capacitance--Storage of Charge on Conductors | |

| |

| |

Capacitance in DC Circuits | |

| |

| |

Units of Capacitance | |

| |

| |

Symbols for Capacitance | |

| |

| |

Capacitor Construction | |

| |

| |

Factors which Affect Capacitance--Plate Area | |

| |

| |

Factors which Affect Capacitance--Plate Separation | |

| |

| |

Factors which Affect Capacitance--Dielectrics | |

| |

| |

Capacitors in Series and Parallel | |

| |

| |

Types of Capacitors--Variable | |

| |

| |

Types of Capacitors--Fixed | |

| |

| |

Types of Capacitors--Electrolytic/Tantalytic Capacitors | |

| |

| |

Capacitor Color Codes | |

| |

| |

Capacitive Time Constant | |

| |

| |

Capacitance--Charging and Discharging Currents | |

| |

| |

Capacitance in AC Circuits | |

| |

| |

Capacitive Reactance in AC Circuits | |

| |

| |

Phase Relationship in Capacitive Circuits | |

| |

| |

Power in a Capacitive Circuit | |

| |

| |

Review of Capacitors and Capacitance | |

| |

| |

Self-Test--Review Questions | |

| |

| |

Experiment/Application--Current Flow in a DC Capacitive Circuit | |

| |

| |

Experiment/Application--RC Time Constant | |

| |

| |

Experiment/Application--Current Flow in an AC Capacitive Circuit | |

| |

| |

Experiment/Application--Capacitive Reactance | |

| |

| |

Troubleshooting Simple AC Circuits | |

| |

| |

Basic Concepts--Resistive/Inductive/Capacitive Circuits (DC/AC) | |

| |

| |

Troubleshooting Inductors (DC/AC Circuits) | |

| |

| |

Troubleshooting Capacitors (DC/AC Circuits) | |

| |

| |

Troubleshooting Simple AC Inductive Circuits | |

| |

| |

Troubleshooting Simple AC Capacitive Circuits | |

| |

| |

Drill in Troubleshooting Simple AC Circuits | |

| |

| |

| |

| |

| |

AC Electric Circuits | |

| |

| |

Introduction to AC Electric Circuits | |

| |

| |

AC Series Circuits | |

| |

| |

Current Flow in AC Series Circuits | |

| |

| |

Voltages in AC Series Circuits | |

| |

| |

R and L Series Circuit Voltages | |

| |

| |

What a Vector Is | |

| |

| |

Vector Graphic Representation of AC Voltages and Currents | |

| |

| |

Experiment/Application--R and L Series Circuit Voltages | |

| |

| |

R and L Series Circuit Impedance | |

| |

| |

Experiment/Application--Impedance in R and L Series Circuits | |

| |

| |

R and L Series Circuits Impedance Variation | |

| |

| |

R and C Series Circuit Voltages | |

| |

| |

Experiment/Application--R and C Series Circuit Voltages | |

| |

| |

R and C Series Circuit Impedance | |

| |

| |

Experiment/Application--Impedance in R and C Series Circuits | |

| |

| |

L and C Series Circuit Voltages | |

| |

| |

Experiment/Application--L and C Series Circuit Voltages | |

| |

| |

L and C Series Circuit Impedance | |

| |

| |

Experiment/Application--L and C Series Circuit Impedance | |

| |

| |

R, L, and C Series Circuit Voltages | |

| |

| |

R, L, and C Series Circuit Impedance--Graphic Solution | |

| |

| |

R, L, and C Series Circuit Impedance--by Calculation | |

| |

| |

Series Circuit Resonance | |

| |

| |

Series Circuit Resonance--Resonant Frequency | |

| |

| |

Experiment/Application--Series Resonance | |

| |

| |

Power Factor | |

| |

| |

Power | |

| |

| |

Experiment/Application--Power and Power Factor | |

| |

| |

Review of Current, Voltage, Impedance, Resonance, Power, Power Factor | |

| |

| |

Self-Test--Review Questions | |

| |

| |

AC Parallel Circuits | |

| |

| |

AC Parallel Circuit Combinations | |

| |

| |

Voltages in AC Parallel Circuits | |

| |

| |

Currents in AC Parallel Circuits | |

| |

| |

R and L Parallel Circuit Currents | |

| |

| |

R and L Parallel Circuit Impedance | |

| |

| |

Experiment/Application--R-L Parallel Circuit Current and Impedance | |

| |

| |

R and C Parallel Circuit Currents | |

| |

| |

R and C Parallel Circuit Impedance | |

| |

| |

Experiment/Application--R-C Parallel Circuit Current and Impedance | |

| |

| |

L and C Parallel Circuit Currents | |

| |

| |

L and C Parallel Circuit Currents and Impedance | |

| |

| |

Experiment/Application--L-C Parallel Circuit Currents and Impedance | |

| |

| |

Parallel Circuit Resonance | |

| |

| |

Experiment/Application--Parallel Circuit Resonance | |

| |

| |

R, L, and C Parallel Circuit Currents | |

| |

| |

R, L, and C Parallel Circuit Impedance | |

| |

| |

Experiment/Application--R, L, and C Parallel Circuit Currents and Impedance | |

| |

| |

Power and Power Factor in Parallel Circuits | |

| |

| |

Review of Current, Voltage, Impedance, Resonance, Power, Power Factor | |

| |

| |

Self-Test--Review Questions | |

| |

| |

AC Complex Circuits | |

| |

| |

Series-Parallel Circuits | |

| |

| |

Series-Parallel Circuits--Vector Graphic Solution | |

| |

| |

Series-Parallel Circuits--Solution by Calculation | |

| |

| |

More Complex Series-Parallel Circuits--Vector Graphic Solution | |

| |

| |

More Complex Series-Parallel Circuits--Solution by Calculation | |

| |

| |

Experiment/Application--Graphic and Calculated Solution in Complex Circuits | |

| |

| |

Experiment/Application--Verification of Calculated Current and Impedance | |

| |

| |

Review--AC Complex Circuits | |

| |

| |

Self-Test--Review Questions | |

| |

| |

Transformers | |

| |

| |

Mutual Induction--Faraday's Law | |

| |

| |

How a Transformer Works | |

| |

| |

Transformer Construction | |

| |

| |

Transformer Losses | |

| |

| |

Phase Relationships in Transformers--Multiple Winding Transformers | |

| |

| |

Autotransformers--Tapped Transformers | |

| |

| |

Transformer Types | |

| |

| |

Experiment/Application--Transformer Action | |

| |

| |

Review of Transformers | |

| |

| |

Self-Test--Review Questions | |

| |

| |

Introduction to AC Power Distribution | |

| |

| |

AC Power Systems | |

| |

| |

Local AC Power Distribution | |

| |

| |

Troubleshooting Local Power Distribution Systems | |

| |

| |

Troubleshooting AC Circuits | |

| |

| |

Introduction | |

| |

| |

Troubleshooting Transformer Circuits--Open Circuits | |

| |

| |

Troubleshooting Transformer Circuits--Short Circuits | |

| |

| |

Troubleshooting AC Circuits | |

| |

| |

Appendix | |

| |

| |

Scientific Notation | |

| |

| |

Measurement Conversion | |

| |

| |

Measurement Conversion: Units of Current | |

| |

| |

Measurement Conversion: Units of Voltage and Power | |

| |

| |

Measurement Conversion: Units of Resistance | |

| |

| |

Applying Scientific Notation | |

| |

| |

Table of Squares and Square Roots | |

| |

| |

Table of Sines (Sin), Cosines (Cos), and Tangents (Tan) | |

| |

| |

| |

| |

| |

Introduction to Generators and Motors | |

| |

| |

Basic Generators and Motors | |

| |

| |

Introduction to Generators | |

| |

| |

Generator Energy Sources | |

| |

| |

Review of Electricity from Magnetism | |

| |

| |

The Left-Hand Rule | |

| |

| |

The Elementary Generator | |

| |

| |

The Parts of an Elementary Generator | |

| |

| |

Elementary Generator Operation | |

| |

| |

The Commutator | |

| |

| |

Converting AC to DC by Use of the Commutator | |

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Improving the DC Output | |

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Improving the Generator Output | |

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Review of the Elementary Generator | |

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Self-Test--Review Questions | |

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The DC Generator | |

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Generator Construction | |

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DC Generator Construction | |

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Types of Armatures | |

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Types of Armature Winding | |

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Generator Voltage Output | |

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Types of DC Generators | |

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Separately Excited DC Generators | |

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Self-Excited DC Generators | |

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The Self-Excited Series DC Generator | |

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The Self-Excited Shunt DC Generator | |

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The Self-Excited Compound Generator | |

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Voltage Regulation | |

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Commutation in DC Generators | |

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Armature Reaction in DC Generators | |

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Compensating Windings and Interpoles | |

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Review of DC Generators | |

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Self-Test--Review Questions | |

| |

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The DC Motor | |

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Converting Electrical Power to Mechanical Power | |

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Principles of DC Motor Operation | |

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Commutator Action in a DC Motor | |

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Armature Reaction | |

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DC Motor Torque | |

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DC Motor Horsepower and Efficiency | |

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Back EMF (Counter EMF) | |

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Shunt Motors | |

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Series Motors | |

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Compound Motors | |

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Comparison of DC Motor Characteristics--Speed Regulation | |

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Reversing the Direction of Motor Rotation | |

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Controlling the Speed of a DC Motor | |

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Experiment/Application--DC Motor Speed Control--Back EMF | |

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Review of DC Motors | |

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| |

Self-Test--Review Questions | |

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DC Systems and Controls | |

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Circuit Control Devices--Relays | |

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Circuit Protection Devices--Circuit Breakers | |

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DC Generator Voltage Regulators--Manual and Automatic | |

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| |

DC Generator Voltage Regulators--Automatic | |

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| |

DC Starters and Controllers | |

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| |

Shunt Motor Starters--Manual | |

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| |

Shunt Motor Starters--Automatic | |

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DC Motor Speed Control | |

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DC Aircraft Electrical System | |

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Experiment/Application--Operation of DC Voltage Regulator | |

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Review of DC Systems and Controls | |

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Self-Test--Review Questions | |

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| |

DC Machinery Maintenance and Troubleshooting | |

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Generator Maintenance | |

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Commutators and Brushes | |

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| |

Insulation Breakdown--Shorts and Open Circuits | |

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| |

Bearing Lubrication and Maintenance | |

| |

| |

Troubleshooting Chart--DC Electrical Machines | |

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| |

AC Generators--Alternators | |

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| |

Introduction to AC Generators | |

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| |

Types of Alternators | |

| |

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Frequency of Alternator Output | |

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Alternator Construction | |

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| |

AC Generator Characteristics | |

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| |

Single-Phase Alternator | |

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Two-Phase Alternators | |

| |

| |

Three-Phase Alternators | |

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Wye Connection | |

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Delta Connection | |

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| |

Power in Three-Phase Circuits | |

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Phase Sequence--Synchronizing Generators | |

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Multiphase Transformers | |

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| |

Experiment/Application--Wye and Delta Transformer Connections | |

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| |

Review of AC Generators--Alternators | |

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| |

Self-Test--Review Questions | |

| |

| |

AC Motors | |

| |

| |

Types of AC Motors | |

| |

| |

Rotating Field | |

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| |

The Synchronous Motor | |

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| |

Induction Motors | |

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| |

Induction Motors--Slip | |

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| |

Induction Motors--Torque and Efficiency | |

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| |

Two-Phase Induction Motors | |

| |

| |

Single-Phase Motors | |

| |

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Single-Phase Induction Motors--Stator Fields | |

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| |

Single-Phase Induction Motors--Rotor Fields | |

| |

| |

Single-Phase Induction Motors--Split Phase | |

| |

| |

Single-Phase Induction Motors--Capacitor Motors | |

| |

| |

Single-Phase Induction Motors--Centrifugal Switch | |

| |

| |

Single-Phase Induction Motors--Shaded-Pole Motors | |

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| |

AC Series Motors--Universal Motors | |

| |

| |

Experiment/Application--AC Motor Power Factor | |

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| |

Review of AC Motors | |

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| |

Self-Test--Review Questions | |

| |

| |

AC Systems and Controls | |

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| |

Introduction to AC Controls--The Controller | |

| |

| |

Alternators--Voltage Regulators | |

| |

| |

The SEmiconductor Rectifier Diode | |

| |

| |

Rectifier Diode Circuits | |

| |

| |

Automatic Voltage Regulators--Field Controlled | |

| |

| |

Line Voltage Regulators | |

| |

| |

The Automobile Alternator System | |

| |

| |

Induction Motor Starters--Direct | |

| |

| |

Induction Motor Starters--Reduced Voltage | |

| |

| |

AC Motor Speed Controls | |

| |

| |

Electronic Motor Speed Controllers | |

| |

| |

Electronic Motor Speed Controllers and Lamp Dimmers | |

| |

| |

Experiment/Application--Lamp Dimmers | |

| |

| |

Review of AC Systems and Controls | |

| |

| |

Self-Test--Review Questions | |

| |

| |

AC Systems Troubleshooting | |

| |

| |

Troubleshooting AC Controls | |

| |

| |

Troubleshooting AC Circuits--Semiconductors | |

| |

| |

Troubleshooting Chart--AC Electrical Machines | |

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Cumulative Index | |