Physics for Dummies

ISBN-10: 0764554336

ISBN-13: 9780764554339

Edition: 2006

Authors: Steven Holzner

List price: $19.99
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Description:

Everyone is involved in physics because physics explains the workings of life, from why the sky is blue to whether space presents a hostile environment for travel. This book presents the basic principles of physics in a simple, clear, and entertaining fashion.
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Book details

List price: $19.99
Copyright year: 2006
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons, Incorporated
Publication date: 12/12/2005
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 384
Size: 7.50" wide x 9.50" long x 1.00" tall
Weight: 1.232
Language: English

Introduction
About This Book
Conventions Used in This Book
What You're Not to Read
Foolish Assumptions
How This Book Is Organized
Icons Used in This Book
Where to Go from Here
Putting Physics into Motion
Using Physics to Understand Your World
What Physics Is All About
Observing Objects in Motion
Absorbing the Energy Around You
Feeling Hot but Not Bothered
Playing with Charges and Magnets
Preparing for the Wild, Wild Physics Coming Up
Understanding Physics Fundamentals
Don't Be Scared, It's Only Physics
Measuring the World Around You and Making Predictions
Don't mix and match: Keeping physical units straight
From meters to inches and back again: Converting between units
Eliminating Some Zeros: Using Scientific Notation
Checking the Precision of Measurements
Knowing which digits are significant
Estimating accuracy
Arming Yourself with Basic Algebra
Tackling a Little Trig
Exploring the Need for Speed
Dissecting Displacement
Examining axes
Measuring speed
Speed Specifics: What Is Speed, Anyway?
Reading the speedometer: Instantaneous speed
Staying steady: Uniform speed
Swerving back and forth: Nonuniform motion
Busting out the stopwatch: Average speed
Pitting average speed versus uniform motion
Speeding Up (or Down): Acceleration
Defining acceleration
Determining the units of acceleration
Positive and negative acceleration
Average and instantaneous acceleration
Uniform and nonuniform acceleration
Relating Acceleration, Time, and Displacement
Not-so-distant relations
Equating more speedy scenarios
Linking Speed, Acceleration, and Displacement
Following Directions: Which Way Are You Going?
Conquering Vectors
Asking for directions: Vector basics
Putting directions together: Adding vectors
Taking distance apart: Subtracting vectors
Waxing Numerical on Vectors
Breaking Up Vectors into Components
Finding vector components given magnitudes and angles
Finding magnitudes and angles given vector components
Unmasking the Identities of Vectors
Displacement is a vector
Velocity is another vector
Acceleration: Yep, another vector
Sliding Along on Gravity's Rainbow: A Velocity Exercise
May the Forces of Physics Be with You
When Push Comes to Shove: Force
Forcing the Issue
For His First Trick, Newton's First Law of Motion
Getting it going: Inertia and mass
Measuring mass
Ladies and Gentlemen, Newton's Second Law of Motion
Naming units of force
Gathering net forces
Newton's Grand Finale: The Third Law of Motion
Tension shouldn't cause stiff necks: Friction in Newton's third law
Analyzing angles and force in Newton's third law
Finding equilibrium
What a Drag: Inclined Planes and Friction
Don't Let It Get You Down: Dealing with Gravity
Leaning Vertical: An Inclined Plane
Figuring out angles the easy way
Playing with acceleration
Getting Sticky with Friction
Calculating friction and the normal force
Conquering the coefficient of friction
Understanding static and kinetic friction
Handling uphill friction
Determining How Gravity Affects Airborne Objects
Going up: Maximum height
Floating on air: Hang time
Going down: Factoring the total time
Firing an object at an angle
Circling around Circular Motions and Orbits
Staying the Course: Uniform Circular Motion
Changing Direction: Centripetal Acceleration
Controlling velocity with centripetal acceleration
Finding the magnitude of the centripetal acceleration
Pulling Toward the Center: Centripetal Force
Negotiating Curves and Banks: Centripetal Force through Turns
Getting Angular: Displacement, Velocity, and Acceleration
Dropping the Apple: Newton's Law of Gravitation
Deriving the force of gravity on the earth's surface
Using the law of gravitation to examine circular orbits
Looping the Loop: Vertical Circular Motion
Manifesting the Energy to Work
Getting Some Work out of Physics
Work: It Isn't What You Think
Working on measurement systems
Pushing your weight
Taking a drag
Considering Negative Work
Getting the Payoff: Kinetic Energy
Breaking down the kinetic energy equation
Putting the kinetic energy equation to use
Calculating kinetic energy by using net force
Energy in the Bank: Potential Energy
Working against gravity
Converting potential energy into kinetic energy
Choose Your Path: Conservative versus Nonconservative Forces
Up, Down, and All Around: The Conservation of Mechanical Energy
Determining final velocity with mechanical energy
Determining final height with mechanical energy
Powering Up: The Rate of Doing Work
Common units of power
Alternate calculations of power
Putting Objects in Motion: Momentum and Impulse
Looking at the Impact of Impulse
Gathering Momentum
The Impulse-Momentum Theorem: Relating Impulse and Momentum
Shooting pool: Finding impulse and momentum
Singing in the rain: An impulsive activity
When Objects Go Bonk: Conserving Momentum
Measuring velocity with the conservation of momentum
Measuring firing velocity with the conservation of momentum
When Worlds (or Cars) Collide: Elastic and Inelastic Collisions
When objects bounce: Elastic collisions
When objects don't bounce: Inelastic collisions
Colliding along a line
Colliding in two dimensions
Winding Up with Angular Kinetics
Going from Linear to Rotational Motion
Understanding Tangential Motion
Finding tangential speed
Finding tangential acceleration
Finding centripetal acceleration
Applying Vectors to Rotation
Calculating angular velocity
Figuring angular acceleration
Twisting and Shouting: Torque
Mapping out the torque equation
Understanding lever arms
Figuring out the torque generated
Recognizing that torque is a vector
No Wobbling Allowed: Rotational Equilibrium
Hanging a flag: A rotational equilibrium problem
Ladder safety: Introducing friction into rotational equilibrium
Round and Round with Rotational Dynamics
Rolling Up Newton's Second Law into Angular Motion
Converting tangential acceleration to angular acceleration
Factoring in the moment of inertia
Examining Moments of Inertia
CD players and torque: An inertia example
Angular acceleration and torque: Another inertia example
Wrapping Your Head around Rotational Work and Kinetic Energy
Doing some rotational work
Tracking down rotational kinetic energy
Measuring rotational kinetic energy on a ramp
Can't Stop This: Angular Momentum
Reviewing the conservation of angular momentum
Satellite orbits: A conservation of angular momentum example
Springs-n-Things: Simple Harmonic Motion
Hooking Up with Hooke's Law
Keeping springs stretchy
Deducing that Hooke's law is a restoring force
Moving with Simple Harmonic Motion
Examining basic horizontal and vertical simple harmonic motion
Diving deeper into simple harmonic motion
Finding the angular frequency of a mass on a spring
Factoring Energy into Simple Harmonic Motion
Swinging with Pendulums
Laying Down the Laws of Thermodynamics
Turning Up the Heat with Thermodynamics
Getting into Hot Water
When the thermometer says Fahrenheit
When the thermometer says Celsius
When the thermometer says Kelvin
The Heat Is On: Linear Expansion
Deconstructing linear expansion
Workin' on the railroad: A linear expansion example
The Heat Continues On: Volume Expansion
Going with the Flow (of Heat)
Changing Phases: When Temperatures Don't Change
Breaking the ice with phase changes
Understanding latent heat
Here, Take My Coat: Heat Transfer in Solids and Gases
Boiling Water: Convection
Too Hot to Handle: Conduction
Examining the properties that affect conduction to find the conduction equation
Applying the heat-transferred-by-conduction equation
Emitting and Absorbing Light: Radiation
You can't see radiation, but it's there
Radiation and blackbodies
Crunching Avogadro's Number
Forging the Ideal Gas Law
Gas pressure: An ideal gas law example
Boyle's Law and Charles' Law: Alternative expressions of the ideal gas law
Tracking Ideal Gas Molecules
Predicting air molecule speed
Calculating kinetic energy in an ideal gas
When Heat and Work Collide: The Laws of Thermodynamics
Gaining Thermal Equilibrium: The Zeroth Law of Thermodynamics
Conserving Heat and Energy: The First Law of Thermodynamics
Calculating conservation
Examining isobaric, isochoric, isothermal, and adiabatic processes, oh my!
Figuring out specific heat capacities
When Heat Flows: The Second Law of Thermodynamics
Putting heat to work: Heat engines
Evaluating heat's work: Heat engine efficiency
Carnot says you can't have it all
Going Cold: The Third (and Absolute Last) Law of Thermodynamics
Getting a Charge out of Electricity and Magnetism
Zapping Away with Static Electricity
Plus and Minus: Electron and Proton Charges
Push and Pull: Electric Forces
Charging it to Coulomb's law
Bringing objects together
Calculating the speed of electrons
Looking at forces between multiple charges
Influence at a Distance: Electric Fields
Coming from all directions: Electric fields from point charges
Charging nice and steady: Electric fields in parallel plate capacitors
Electric Potential: Cranking Up the Voltage
Calculating electric potential energy
Realizing the potential in voltage
Discovering that electric potential is conserved
Finding the electric potential of point charges
Getting fully charged with capacitance
Giving Electrons a Push with Circuits
Electrons on the March: Current
Defining current
Calculating the current in batteries
Giving You Some Resistance: Ohm's Law
Determining current flow
Examining resistivity
Powering Up: Wattage
Flowing from One to the Other: Series Circuits
Splitting the Current: Parallel Circuits
Looping Together Electricity with Kirchoff's Rules
Implementing the loop rule
Using multiple-loop circuits
Conquering Capacitors in Parallel and Series Circuits
Capacitors in parallel circuits
Capacitors in series circuits
Putting Together Resistors and Capacitors: RC Circuits
Magnetism: More than Attraction
Finding the Source of Attraction
Forcing a Moving Charge
Figuring the Quantitative Size of Magnetic Forces
Moving in Orbits: Charged Particles in Magnetic Fields
Magnetic fields do no work
... but they still affect moving charged particles
Pushing and Pulling Currents
Forces on currents
Torques on currents
Identifying the Magnetic Field from a Wire
Centering on Current Loops
Achieving a Uniform Magnetic Field with Solenoids
Keeping the Current Going with Voltage
Inducing EMF (Electromagnetic Frequency)
Moving a conductor in a magnetic field to cause voltage
Inducing voltage over a certain area
Factoring In the Flux with Faraday's Law
Getting the Signs Right with Lenz's Law
Figuring out Inductance
Examining Alternating Current Circuits
Picturing alternating voltage
Unearthing root mean square current and voltage
Leading with capacitors
Lagging with inductors
Handling the Triple Threat: RCL Circuits
Shedding Some Light on Mirrors and Lenses
All about Mirrors (srorriM tuoba llA)
When Light Gets Bendy
Refracting light with Snell's Law
Examining water at apparent depths
All Mirrors and No Smoke
Expanding with concave mirrors
Contracting with convex mirrors
Seeing Clearly with Lenses
Expanding with converging lenses
Contracting with diverging lenses
The Part of Tens
Ten Amazing Insights on Relativity
Nature Doesn't Play Favorites
The Speed of Light Is Constant, No Matter How Fast You Go
Time Dilates at High Speeds
Space Travel Ages You Less
Length Contracts at High Speeds
E = mc[superscript 2]: The Equivalence of Matter and Energy
Matter Plus Antimatter Equals Boom
The Sun Is Radiating Away Mass
The Speed of Light Is the Ultimate Speed
Newton Is Still Right
Ten Wild Physics Theories
You Can Measure a Smallest Distance
There Might Be a Smallest Time
Heisenberg Says You Can't Be Certain
Black Holes Don't Let Light Out
Gravity Curves Space
Matter and Antimatter Destroy Each Other
Supernovas Are the Most Powerful Explosions
The Universe Starts with the Big Bang and Ends with the Gnab Gib
Microwave Ovens Are Hot Physics
Physicists May Not Have Physical Absolute Measures
Glossary
Index
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