Introduction to Public Health

ISBN-10: 0763730009
ISBN-13: 9780763730000
Edition: 2nd 2006 (Revised)
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Description: This comprehensive new edition illustrates the multidisciplinary nature of public health and the complex ethical and political issues central to it. It includes discussions of epidemiological investigation, biomedical research, environmental  More...

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Book details

List price: $404.85
Edition: 2nd
Copyright year: 2006
Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Learning, LLC
Publication date: 9/26/2005
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 573
Size: 5.75" wide x 8.50" long x 1.25" tall
Weight: 2.090
Language: English

This comprehensive new edition illustrates the multidisciplinary nature of public health and the complex ethical and political issues central to it. It includes discussions of epidemiological investigation, biomedical research, environmental assessment, analyses of individual and group behavior, massive data collection efforts, and policy developments. In light of the changing world, further bioterrorism issues have been woven through relevant chapters. New additions in epidemiology include anthrax and SARS. Additions in women's health consider new developments in hormone replacement therapy. A new emphasis has been placed on planning to include natural disasters as well as terrorism. Introduction to Public Health, Second Edition covers the basic elements of public health as well as essential data and statistics.

Preface to the First Edition
Preface to the Second Edition
Acknowledgments
Prologue
What is Public Health?
Public Health: Science, Politics, and Prevention
What Is Public Health?
Public Health versus Medical Care
The Sciences of Public Health
Prevention and Intervention
Public Health and Terrorism
Conclusion
Why Is Public Health Controversial?
Economic Impact
Individual Liberty
Moral and Religious Opposition
Political Interference with Science
Conclusion
Powers and Responsibilities of Government
Federal versus State Authority
How the Law Works
How Public Health Is Organized and Paid For in the United States
Local Public Health Agencies
State Health Departments
Federal Agencies Involved with Public Health
Nongovernmental Role in Public Health
Conclusion
Analytical Methods of Public Health
Epidemiology: The Basic Science of Public Health
How Epidemiology Works
A Typical Epidemiologic Investigation: Outbreak of Hepatitis
Legionnaires' Disease
Eosinophilia-Myalgia Syndrome
Epidemiology and the Causes of Chronic Disease
Heart Disease
Lung Cancer
Conclusion
Epidemiologic Principles and Methods
Kinds of Epidemiologic Studies
Intervention Studies
Cohort Studies
Case-Control Studies
Conclusion
Problems and Limits of Epidemiology
Problems with Studying Humans
Sources of Error
Proving Cause and Effect
Epidemiologic Studies of Hormone Replacement Therapy-Confusing Results
Ethics in Epidemiology
Conclusion
Statistics: Making Sense of Uncertainty
The Uncertainty of Science
Probability
The Statistics of Screening Tests
Rates and Other Calculated Statistics
Risk Assessment and Risk Perception
Cost-Benefit Analysis and Other Evaluation Methods
Conclusion
The Role of Data in Public Health
Vital Statistics
The Census
NCHS Surveys and Other Sources of Health Data
Is So Much Data Really Necessary?
Accuracy and Availability of Data
Confidentiality of Data
Conclusion
Biomedical Basis of Public Health
The "Conquest" of Infectious Diseases
Infectious Agents
Means of Transmission
Chain of Infection
Rabies
Smallpox, Measles, and Polio
Fear of Vaccines
Conclusion
The Resurgence of Infectious Diseases
The Biomedical Basis of AIDS
Other Emerging Viruses
Influenza
New Bacterial Threats
Multidrug-Resistant Tuberculosis
Prions
Public Health Response to Emerging Infections
Public Health and the Threat of Bioterrorism
Conclusion
The Biomedical Basis of Chronic Diseases
Cardiovascular Disease
Cancer
Diabetes
Other Chronic Diseases
Conclusion
Genetic Diseases and Other Inborn Errors
Environmental Teratogens
Genetic and Newborn Screening Programs
Genomic Medicine
Ethical Issues and Genetic Diseases
Conclusion
Social and Behavioral Factors in Health
Do People Choose Their Own Health?
Education
Regulation
Does Prohibition Work?
Conclusion
How Psychosocial Factors Affect Health Behavior
Health of Minority Populations
Stress and Social Support
Psychological Models of Health Behavior
Ecological Model of Health Behavior
Health Promotion Programs
Changing the Environment
Conclusion
Tobacco-Public Health Enemy Number One
Biomedical Basis of Smoking's Harmful Effects
Historical Trends in Smoking and Health
Regulatory Restrictions on Smoking-New Focus on Environmental Tobacco Smoke
Emphasis on Youth-Advertising
Taxes as a Public Health Measure
California's Tobacco Control Program
The Master Settlement Agreement
Conclusion
Public Health Threat Number Two and Growing: Poor Diet and Physical Inactivity
Epidemiology of Obesity
Diet and Nutrition
Promoting Healthy Eating
Physical Activity and Health
How Much Exercise Is Enough, and How Much Do People Get?
Promoting Physical Activity
Confronting the Obesity Epidemic
Conclusion
Injuries Are Not Accidents
Epidemiology of Injuries
Analyzing Injuries
Motor Vehicle Injuries
Pedestrians, Motorcyclists, and Bicyclists
Firearms Injury-Still Number Two
Occupational Injuries
Tertiary Prevention
Conclusion
Maternal and Child Health as a Social Problem
Maternal and Infant Mortality
Infant Mortality: Health Problem or Social Problem?
Preventing Infant Mortality
Family Planning and Prevention of Adolescent Pregnancy
Nutrition of Women and Children
Children's Health and Safety
Conclusion
Environmental Issues in Public Health
A Clean Environment: The Basis of Public Health
Role of Government in Environmental Health
Identification of Hazards
Pesticides and Industrial Chemicals
Occupational Exposures: Workers as Guinea Pigs
New Source of Pollution: Factory Farms
Setting Standards: How Safe Is Safe?
Risk-Benefit Analysis
Conclusion
Clean Air: Is It Safe to Breathe?
Criteria Air Pollutants
Strategies for Meeting Standards
Indoor Air Quality
Global Effects of Air Pollution
Conclusion
Clean Water: A Limited Resource
Clean Water Act
Safe Drinking Water
Dilemmas in Compliance
Is the Water Supply Running Out?
Conclusion
Solid and Hazardous Wastes: What To Do With the Garbage?
Sanitary Landfills
Alternatives to Landfills
Hazardous Wastes
Conclusion
Safe Food and Drugs: An Ongoing Regulatory Battle
Causes of Food-Borne Illness
Government Action to Prevent Food-Borne Disease
Additives and Contaminants
Drugs and Cosmetics
Food and Drug Labeling and Advertising
Politics of the FDA
Conclusion
Population: The Ultimate Environmental Health Issue
Public Health and Population Growth
Global Impact of Population Growth-Depletion of Resources
Global Impact of Population Growth-Climate Change
Dire Predictions and Fragile Hope
Conclusion
Medical Care and Public Health
Is the Medical Care System a Public Health Issue?
When Medical Care is a Public Health Responsibility
The Conflict between Public Health and the Medical Profession
Licensing and Regulation
Ethical and Legal Issues in Medical Care
Ethical Issues in Medical Resource Allocation
Conclusion
Why the U.S. Medical System Needs Reform
Why Do Costs Keep Rising?
Approaches to Controlling Medical Costs
Managed Care-Not a Panacea
Rationing
Conclusion
Health Services Research: Finding What Works
Reasons for Practice Variations
The Field of Dreams Effect
Outcomes Research
Quality
Medical Care Report Cards
Inequities in Medical Care
The Relative Importance of Medical Care for Public Health
Conclusion
Public Health and the Aging Population
The Aging of the Population-Trends
Health Status of the Older Population
General Approaches to Maximizing Health in Old Age
Preventing Disease and Disability in Old Age
Medications
Osteoporosis
Falls
Impairment of Vision and Hearing
Oral Health
Alzheimer's and Other Dementias
Medical Costs of the Elderly
Proposals for Rationing
Conclusion
The Future of Public Health
Emergency Preparedness, Post-9/11
Types of Disasters and Public Health Responses
New York's Response to the World Trade Center Attacks
Principles of Emergency Planning and Preparedness
Bioterrorism Preparedness
Smallpox
Conclusion
Public Health in the Twenty-First Century: Achievements and Challenges
Challenges for the Twenty-First Century
Strategic Planning for Public Health
Hope for the Integration of Public Health and Medical Practice
Information Technology
The Challenge of Biotechnology
The Ultimate Challenge to Public Health in the Twenty-First Century
Conclusion
Index

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