Folk Psychologies Across Cultures

ISBN-10: 0761924604

ISBN-13: 9780761924609

Edition: 2001

Authors: R. Murray Thomas
List price: $65.00
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Description: Without taking a single psychology course, ordinary people learn to understand, predict, and explain one anther's actions, thoughts, and motivations. Many cognitive scientists and philosophers claim that our everyday or folk understanding of mental states constitutes a theory of mind. That theory is widely called folk psychology (sometimes-commonsense psychology). The terms in which folk psychology are couched are familiar ones of "belief" and "desire," "hunger," "pain," and so forth. According to many theorists, folk psychology plays a central role in our capacity to predict and explain the behavior of ourselves and of others. This book has two goals: (a) to provide a framework for analyzing folk psychologies, and (b) to describe multiple forms that folk psychologies assume in different cultures.Features//Benefits: Cross-cultural perspectives illustrate typical variations of folk thinking in the world's cultures and help readers understand the varied ways that people they encounter will likely view life. Each chapter opens with and is structured around a central question the chapter is designed to answer, inviting the reader to participate in exploring the issue at hand. A concluding chapter, "Trends in Folk Psychologies," addresses the value of studying folk psychologies and what can be

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Book details

List price: $65.00
Copyright year: 2001
Publisher: SAGE Publications, Incorporated
Publication date: 8/21/2001
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 352
Size: 6.00" wide x 9.00" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 1.056
Language: English

Tracey Steele is an associate professor of sociology at Wright State University. Her current research focuses on the construction of gender and sexual identity. Her most recent work explores how gender affects attitudes towards capital punishment.R. Murray Thomas taught for 32 years, before retiring in 1991. He is the author of over 300 publications and has published 48 books. His research interests include moral development, folk psychologists, and international education.

Preface
Diverse Cultures, Diverse Psycholgies
Contrasting Conceptions of Folk Psychology
Cultural Diversity
The Book's Twofold Purpose
Delineating the Domain of Folk Psychologies
Sources of Evidence
The Evolution of Folk Psychologies
The Book's Structure
Reality
Dimensions of Reality
Reality and Cultural Change
Knowing
Knowledge Processes and Sources
Cultural Change and the State of Knowledge
Cause
Aspects of Causality
Cultural Change and Beliefs About Cause
Competence
Kinds of Competence
Conceptions of Impairment
Cultural Change and Competence
Values
Types of Values in Folk Psycholgies
Values and Cultural Change
Emotions
The Universality of Emotions
Learning Emotional Responses
Event and Emotion Connections
Emotions and Cultural Change
Humor
Examples of Folk Humor
Humor and Cultural Change
Self and Not-Self
Psychological Identification
Stereotypical Roles Versus Individualism
The Presentation of Self
Self and Cultural Change
Rites and Rituals
Functions of Rites and Rituals
Rituals and Cultural Change
Time and the Life Span
Versions of Historical Time
The Human Life Span
Cultural Change and Concepts of Time
Gender and Sex
Gender Variations Across Folk Psychologies
Gender and Cultural Change
Sexual Orientation
Sexual Behavior
Cultural Change and Sexual Orientation
Prohibitions
Forms and Soruces and Prohibitions
Functions of Prohibitions
Prohibitions and Cultural Change
Folk Psychologies' Significance and Trends
The Study of Folk Psychologies
Hindsight
Foresight
References
Name Index
Subject Index
About the Author
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