Fluid Mechanics and Thermodynamics of Turbomachinery

ISBN-10: 0750678704

ISBN-13: 9780750678704

Edition: 5th 2005 (Revised)

Authors: S. L. Dixon
List price: $72.95
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Description: This is a new edition of a well-established, popular engineering-based textbook on the fluid and thermal principles underlying successful, efficient turbomachinery. For readers looking towards the wider reaches of the subject area, very useful additional reading is referenced in the bibliography.

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Book details

List price: $72.95
Edition: 5th
Copyright year: 2005
Publisher: Elsevier Science & Technology Books
Publication date: 2/23/2005
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 412
Size: 6.00" wide x 9.00" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 1.430
Language: English

Preface to the Fifth Edition
Preface to the Fourth Edition
Preface to the Third Edition
Acknowledgments
List of Symbols
Introduction: Dimensional Analysis: Similitude
Definition of a turbomachine
Units and dimensions
Dimensional analysis and performance laws
Incompressible fluid analysis
Performance characteristics
Variable geometry turbomachines
Specific speed
Cavitation
Compressible gas flow relations
Compressible fluid analysis
The inherent unsteadiness of the flow within turbomachines
References
Problems
Basic Thermodynamics, Fluid Mechanics: Definitions of Efficiency
Introduction
The equation of continuity
The first law of thermodynamics-internal energy
The momentum equation-Newton's second law of motion
The second law of thermodynamics-entropy
Definitions of efficiency
Small stage or polytropic efficiency
Nozzle efficiency
Diffusers
References
Problems
Two-dimensional Cascades
Introduction
Cascade nomenclature
Analysis of cascade forces
Energy losses
Lift and drag
Circulation and lift
Efficiency of a compressor cascade
Performance of two-dimensional cascades
The cascade wind tunnel
Cascade test results
Compressor cascade performance
Turbine cascade performance
Compressor cascade correlations
Fan blade design (McKenzie)
Turbine cascade correlation (Ainley and Mathieson)
Comparison of the profile loss in a cascade and in a turbine stage
Optimum space-chord ratio of turbine blades (Zweifel)
References
Problems
Axial-flow Turbines: Two-dimensional Theory
Introduction
Velocity diagrams of the axial turbine stage
Thermodynamics of the axial turbine stage
Stage losses and efficiency
Soderberg's correlation
Types of axial turbine design
Stage reaction
Diffusion within blade rows
Choice of reaction and effect on efficiency
Design point efficiency of a turbine stage
Maximum total-to-static efficiency of a reversible turbine stage
Stresses in turbine rotor blades
Turbine flow characteristics
Flow characteristics of a multistage turbine
The Wells turbine
Pitch-controlled blades
References
Problems
Axial-flow Compressors and Fans
Introduction
Two-dimensional analysis of the compressor stage
Velocity diagrams of the compressor stage
Thermodynamics of the compressor stage
Stage loss relationships and efficiency
Reaction ratio
Choice of reaction
Stage loading
Simplified off-design performance
Stage pressure rise
Pressure ratio of a multistage compressor
Estimation of compressor stage efficiency
Stall and surge phenomena in compressors
Control of flow instabilities
Axial-flow ducted fans
Blade element theory
Blade element efficiency
Lift coefficient of a fan aerofoil
References
Problems
Three-dimensional Flows in Axial Turbomachines
Introduction
Theory of radial equilibrium
The indirect problem
The direct problem
Compressible flow through a fixed blade row
Constant specific mass flow
Off-design performance of a stage
Free-vortex turbine stage
Actuator disc approach
Blade row interaction effects
Computer-aided methods of solving the through-flow problem
Application of Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) to the design of axial turbomachines
Secondary flows
References
Problems
Centrifugal Pumps, Fans and Compressors
Introduction
Some definitions
Theoretical analysis of a centrifugal compressor
Inlet casing
Impeller
Conservation of rothalpy
Diffuser
Inlet velocity limitations
Optimum design of a pump inlet
Optimum design of a centrifugal compressor inlet
Slip factor
Head increase of a centrifugal pump
Performance of centrifugal compressors
The diffuser system
Choking in a compressor stage
References
Problems
Radial Flow Gas Turbines
Introduction
Types of inward-flow radial turbine
Thermodynamics of the 90 deg IFR turbine
Basic design of the rotor
Nominal design point efficiency
Mach number relations
Loss coefficients in 90 deg IFR turbines
Optimum efficiency considerations
Criterion for minimum number of blades
Design considerations for rotor exit
Incidence losses
Significance and application of specific speed
Optimum design selection of 90 deg IFR turbines
Clearance and windage losses
Pressure ratio limits of the 90 deg IFR turbine
Cooled 90 deg IFR turbines
A radial turbine for wave energy conversion
References
Problems
Hydraulic Turbines
Introduction
Hydraulic turbines
The Pelton turbine
Reaction turbines
The Francis turbine
The Kaplan turbine
Effect of size on turbomachine efficiency
Cavitation
Application of CFD to the design of hydraulic turbines
References
Problems
Wind Turbines
Introduction
Types of wind turbine
Growth of wind power capacity and cost
Outline of the theory
Actuator disc approach
Estimating the power output
Power output range
Blade element theory
The blade element momentum method
Rotor configurations
The power output at optimum conditions
HAWT blade selection criteria
Developments in blade manufacture
Control methods (starting, modulating and stopping)
Blade tip shapes
Performance testing
Performance prediction codes
Comparison of theory with experimental data
Peak and post-peak power predictions
Environmental considerations
References
Bibliography
Conversion of British and US Units to SI Units
Answers to Problems
Index
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