Population Ecology First Principles

ISBN-10: 0691160317
ISBN-13: 9780691160313
Edition: 2nd 2013 (Revised)
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Description: Ecology is capturing the popular imagination like never before, with issues such as climate change, species extinctions, and habitat destruction becoming ever more prominent. At the same time, the science of ecology has advanced dramatically,  More...

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Book details

List price: $65.95
Edition: 2nd
Copyright year: 2013
Publisher: Princeton University Press
Publication date: 9/13/2013
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 288
Size: 7.00" wide x 10.00" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 1.540

Ecology is capturing the popular imagination like never before, with issues such as climate change, species extinctions, and habitat destruction becoming ever more prominent. At the same time, the science of ecology has advanced dramatically, growing in mathematical and theoretical sophistication. Here, two leading experts present the fundamental quantitative principles of ecology in an accessible yet rigorous way, introducing students to the most basic of all ecological subjects, the structure and dynamics of populations.John Vandermeer and Deborah Goldberg show that populations are more than simply collections of individuals. Complex variables such as distribution and territory for expanding groups come into play when mathematical models are applied. Vandermeer and Goldberg build these models from the ground up, from first principles, using a broad range of empirical examples, from animals and viruses to plants and humans. They address a host of exciting topics along the way, including age-structured populations, spatially distributed populations, and metapopulations.This second edition of Population Ecology is fully updated and expanded, with additional exercises in virtually every chapter, making it the most up-to-date and comprehensive textbook of its kind.Provides an accessible mathematical foundation for the latest advances in ecologyFeatures numerous exercises and examples throughoutIntroduces students to the key literature in the fieldThe essential textbook for advanced undergraduates and graduate studentsAn online illustration package is available to professors

List of Figures
List of Tables
Preface
Elementary Population Dynamics
Density Independence: The Exponential Equation
Density Dependence
The Logistic Equation
The Yield-Density Relationship
Density Dependence and Mortality: Thinning Laws
Density Dependence in Discrete Time Models
Projection Matrices: Structured Models
Elementary Age-Structured Population Projection Matrices
Non-Age Structure: Stage Projection Matrices
Eigenvectors, Reproductive Value, Sensitivity, and Elasticity
Density Dependence in Structured Populations
Density Dependence in a Simple Age-Structured Model
Density Dependence in Size-Distributed Populations
Density Dependence in a Stage-Structured Model
Appendix: Basic Matrix Manipulations
Matrix Multiplication
Matrix Addition and Subtraction
The Identity Matrix
The Determinant of a Matrix
Applications of Simple Population Models
Life History Analysis
Investment in Survivorship versus Reproduction: The r-K Continuum
The Cost of Reproduction
Optimal Reproductive Schedules
Applications of Population Projection Matrices
The Dall's Mountain Sheep: A Static Life Table
Palo de Mayo: A Dynamic Life Table
Population Viability Analysis
Demography of Invasive and Native Plant Populations
A Closer Look at the "Dynamics" in Population Dynamics
Intuitive Ideas of Equilibrium and Stability
Eigenvalues: A Key Concept in Dynamic Analysis
Basic Concepts of Equilibrium and Stability in One-Dimensional Maps
The One-Dimensional Map
Stability and Equilibrium in the Logistic Map
Basins of Attraction in the Logistic Map
Structural Stability
Bifurcation Diagrams
Concluding Remarks
Patterns and Dynamics in Space
The Poisson Distribution
Point Pattern Analysis and the Question of Scale
Mechanisms of Spatial Pattern Formation: Principles of Reaction/Diffusion
Mechanisms of Spatial Pattern Formation: Biological Causes
Metapopulations
Assumptions of Metapopulation Models
The Rescue Effect and Propagule Rain
Appendix: Data for Exercises 5.2, 5.3, and 5.4
Predator-Prey (Consumer-Resource) Interactions
Predator-Prey Interactions: First Principles
Density Dependence
Functional Response
Functional Response and Density Dependence Together
Paradoxes in Applications of Predator-Prey Theory
Predator-Prey Dynamics: A Graphical Approach
Predator-Prey Interactions in Discrete Time
Disease Ecology
Direct Disease Transmission
Indirect Transmission
Competition
Competition: First Principles
Isocline Analysis of the Lotka-Volterra Competition Equations
Niches and Competitive Coexistence and Exclusion
The Competitive Production Principle: Applications of Competition Theory to Agriculture
Resource Competition
Facilitation and Mutualism
What This Book Was About
Glossary
References
Index

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