Formation of National Party Systems Federalism and Party Competition in Canada, Great Britain, India, and the United States

ISBN-10: 0691119325

ISBN-13: 9780691119328

Edition: 2004

List price: $46.00 Buy it from $19.40
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Description:

Pradeep Chhibber and Ken Kollman rely on historical data spanning back to the eighteenth century from Canada, Great Britain, India, and the United States to revise our understanding of why a country's party system consists of national or regional parties. They demonstrate that the party systems in these four countries have been shaped by the authority granted to different levels of government. Departing from the conventional focus on social divisions or electoral rules in determining whether a party system will consist of national or regional parties, they argue instead that national party systems emerge when economic and political power resides with the national government. Regional parties thrive when authority in a nation-state rests with provincial or state governments. The success of political parties therefore depends on which level of government voters credit for policy outcomes. National political parties win votes during periods when political and economic authority rests with the national government, and lose votes to regional and provincial parties when political or economic authority gravitates to lower levels of government. This is the first book to establish a link between federalism and the formation of national or regional party systems in a comparative context. It places contemporary party politics in the four examined countries in historical and comparative perspectives, and provides a compelling account of long-term changes in these countries. For example, the authors discover a surprising level of voting for minor parties in the United States before the 1930s. This calls into question the widespread notion that the United States has always had a two-party system. In fact, only recently has the two-party system become predominant.
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Book details

List price: $46.00
Copyright year: 2004
Publisher: Princeton University Press
Publication date: 8/15/2004
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 272
Size: 6.00" wide x 9.00" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 0.946
Language: English

Ken Kollman is Professor in the Department of Political Science and Research Professor in the Center for Political Studies in the Institute for Social Research at the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor. His research and teaching focus on political parties, elections, lobbying, and federal systems. He also regularly teaches the introductory American politics course at the University of Michigan. In addition to numerous articles, he has written The Formation of National Party Systems: Federalism and Party Competition in Canada, Great Britain, India, and the United States (with Pradeep Chhibber), and Outside Lobbying: Public Opinion and Interest Group Strategies.

List of Figures and Tables
Acknowledgments
Introduction
Electoral Competition at the Constituency Level
Party Aggregation
From Local Notables to Party Competition
Centralization and Provincialization
Dynamics of Party Aggregation
Party Aggregation in Four Countries
Conclusion
Appendix
Bibliography
Index
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