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Unified Theories of Cognition

ISBN-10: 0674921011
ISBN-13: 9780674921016
Edition: 1990
Authors: Allen Newell
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Description: Psychology is now ready for unified theories of cognition--so says Allen Newell, a leading investigator in computer science and cognitive psychology. Not everyone will agree on a single set of mechanisms that will explain the full range of human  More...

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Book details

Copyright year: 1990
Publisher: Harvard University Press
Publication date: 1/1/1994
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 572
Size: 6.50" wide x 9.25" long x 1.50" tall
Weight: 1.628
Language: English

Psychology is now ready for unified theories of cognition--so says Allen Newell, a leading investigator in computer science and cognitive psychology. Not everyone will agree on a single set of mechanisms that will explain the full range of human cognition, but such theories are within reach and we should strive to articulate them. In this book, Newell makes the case for unified theories by setting forth a candidate. After reviewing the foundational concepts of cognitive science--knowledge, representation, computation, symbols, architecture, intelligence, and search--Newell introduces Soar, an architecture for general cognition. A pioneer system in artificial intelligence, Soar is the first problem solver to create its own subgoals and learn continuously from its own experience. Newell shows how Soar's ability to operate within the real-time constraints of intelligent behavior, such as immediate-response and item-recognition tasks, illustrates important characteristics of the human cognitive structure. Throughout, Soar remains an exemplar: we know only enough to work toward a fully developed theory of cognition, but Soar's success so far establishes the viability of the enterprise. Given its integrative approach, Unified Theories of Cognition will be of tremendous interest to researchers in a variety of fields, including cognitive science, artificial intelligence, psychology, and computer science. This exploration of the nature of mind, one of the great problems of philosophy, should also transcend disciplines and attract a large scientific audience.

Rachel N. Klein is associate professor of history at the University of California, San Diego.

The Nature of Theories
What Are Unified Theories of Cognition?
Is Psychology Ready for Unified Theories?
The Task of the Book Foundations of Cognitive Science
Behaving Systems Knowledge Systems Representation Machines and Computation Symbols
Architectures Intelligence Search and Problem
Spaces Preparation and Deliberation
Summary Human Cognitive Architecture
The Human Is a Symbol System
System Levels The Time Scale of Human Action
The Biological Band
The Neural Circuit Level
The Real-Time Constraint on Cognition
The Cognitive Band The Level of Simple Operations
The First Level of Composed Operations
The Intendedly Rational Band
Higher Bands: Social, Historical, and Evolutionary
Summary Symbolic Processing for Intelligence
The Central Architecture for Performance Chunking
The Total Cognitive System RI-Soar: Knowledge-Intensive and Knowledge-Lean
Operation Designer-Soar: Difficult Intellectual Tasks Soar as an Intelligent
System Mapping Soar onto Human Cognition Soar and the Shape of Human Cognition
Summary Immediate Behavior
The Scientific Role of Immediate-Response Data
Methodological Preliminaries
Functional Analysis of Immediate Responses
The Simplest Response Task (SRI)
The Two-Choice Response Task (2CRT)
Stimulus-Response Compatibility (SRC)
Discussion of the Three Analyses Item Recognition Typing
Summary Memory, Learning, and Skill
The Memory and Learning Hypothesis of Soar
The Soar Qualitative Theory of Learning
The Distinction between Episodic and Semantic Memory
Data Chunking Skill Acquisition Short-Term Memory (STM)
Summary Intendedly Rational Behavior Ciyptarithmetic Syllogisms Sentence Verification
Summary Along the Frontiers Language Development
The Biological Band
The Social Band
The Role of Applications
How to Move toward Unified Theories of Cognition
References
Name
Index
Subject
Index

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