Twice a Stranger The Mass Expulsions That Forged Modern Greece and Turkey

ISBN-10: 0674032225
ISBN-13: 9780674032224
Edition: 2006
Authors: Bruce Clark
List price: $23.00 Buy it from $22.94
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Description: In the dismantling of the Ottoman Empire following World War I, nearly two million citizens in Turkey and Greece were expelled from homelands. The Lausanne treaty resulted in the deportation of Orthodox Christians from Turkey to Greece and of  More...

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Book details

List price: $23.00
Copyright year: 2006
Publisher: Harvard University Press
Publication date: 5/15/2009
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 304
Size: 5.75" wide x 9.00" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 0.946
Language: English

In the dismantling of the Ottoman Empire following World War I, nearly two million citizens in Turkey and Greece were expelled from homelands. The Lausanne treaty resulted in the deportation of Orthodox Christians from Turkey to Greece and of Muslims from Greece to Turkey. The transfer was hailed as a solution to the problem of minorities who could not coexist. Both governments saw the exchange as a chance to create societies of a single culture. The opinions and feelings of those uprooted from their native soil were never solicited.In an evocative book, Bruce Clark draws on new archival research in Turkey and Greece as well as interviews with surviving participants to examine this unprecedented exercise in ethnic engineering. He examines how the exchange was negotiated and how people on both sides came to terms with new lands and identities.Politically, the population exchange achieved its planners' goals, but the enormous human suffering left shattered legacies. It colored relations between Turkey and Greece, and has been invoked as a solution by advocates of ethnic separation from the Balkans to South Asia to the Middle East. This thoughtful book is a timely reminder of the effects of grand policy on ordinary people and of the difficulties for modern nations in contested regions where people still identify strongly with their ethnic or religious community.

Acknowledgements
Maps
Preface
Introduction
Ayvalik and its ghosts
The road to Lausanne
Lost brothers, lost sisters: from Samsun to Drama
Who goes, who stays: The Lausanne bargain
Hidden faiths, hidden ties: the fate of Ottoman Trebizond
Out of Constantinople
Saying farewell to Salonika: the Muslims sail away
Adapting to Anatolia
The pursuit of clarity
The price of success
Bibliography, sources and methodology
Index

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