Introduction to Contact Linguistics

ISBN-10: 0631212515
ISBN-13: 9780631212515
Edition: 2003
Authors: Donald Winford
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Description: A comprehensive introduction to the study of language contact and its outcomes, as well as the social and linguistic factors involved. The book examines a wide range of language contact phenomena from both general linguistic and sociolinguistic  More...

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Book details

List price: $63.95
Copyright year: 2003
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons, Incorporated
Publication date: 1/10/2003
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 440
Size: 5.75" wide x 8.75" long x 1.25" tall
Weight: 1.628
Language: English

A comprehensive introduction to the study of language contact and its outcomes, as well as the social and linguistic factors involved. The book examines a wide range of language contact phenomena from both general linguistic and sociolinguistic perspectives.

Series Editor's Preface
Acknowledgments
Introduction: The Field of Contact Linguistics
The Subject Matter of Contact Linguistics
History of Research on Language Contact
The Field of Contact Linguistics
Types of Contact Situation
Language maintenance
Language shift
Language creation: new contact languages
Overview of Contact Situations and their Outcomes
The Social Contexts of Language Contact
Language contact in its social settings
Language Maintenance and Lexical Borrowing
Introduction
"Casual" Contact and Lexical Borrowing
English influence on the Japanese lexicon
Contact in Settings Involving "Unequal" Bilingualism
French influence on the lexicon of Middle English
Chinese influence on the Japanese lexicon
Lexical Borrowing in Equal Bilingual Situations
Social Motivations for Lexical Borrowing
The Processes and Products of Lexical Borrowing
The Integration of Loanwords
Phonological integration of loanwords
Morphological integration of loanwords
Linguistic Constraints on Lexical Borrowing
Structural Consequences of Lexical Borrowing
Impact of lexical borrowing on phonology
Impact of lexical borrowing on morphology
Impact of lexical borrowing on the lexicon
Summary
Structural Diffusion in Situations of Language Maintenance
Introduction
Is there Direct Borrowing of Structural Features?
Factors Affecting Structural Convergence
Structural Convergence in Stable Bilingual Situations
Spanish in LA
A situation of unstable bilingualism: French/English contact on Prince Edward Island
Sprachbunde: Contact Across Contiguous Speech Communities
The Balkan Sprachbund
A Case of Intimate Inter-Community Contact: Arnhem Land
Ritharngu and Ngandi
Nunggubuyu and Warndarang
Factors regulating convergence in Arnhem Land
Heavy to Extreme Structural Diffusion: Borrowing or Substratum Influence?
Old Norse influence on Old English
Situations in level 5 of Thomason and Kaufman's borrowing scale
Convergence in Kupwar
Convergence in Northwest New Britain
The Social Contexts of Structural Convergence
Linguistic Constraints on Structural Diffusion into a Maintained Language
Constraints on borrowing of morphology
Constraints based on congruence
Constraints based on transparency/markedness
Functionally based constraints
Constraints on Syntactic Diffusion
Summary
Code Switching: Social Contexts
Introduction
Defining Code Switching
Code switching versus borrowing
Code switching versus "interference"
Social Motivations for Code Switching
Code switching and sociolinguistic domains
Micro-level analysis: code switching and conversation
Toward a theory of the social meaning of conversational code switching
Code switching and Communication Accommodation Theory
Summary
Code Switching: Linguistic Aspects
Introduction
Structural Constraints on Code Switching
Equivalence-based constraints
Government-based approaches to code switching
A Production-Based Model of Code Switching
Hypotheses of the MLF model
Establishing the matrix language
Constraints on Code Switching Within the MLF model
Constraints on switching of system morphemes
Constraints on switching of content morphemes
Constraints on Multi-Word Switches (EL Islands)
The EL Island Trigger Hypothesis
EL islands and the notion of congruence
Further Issues
Summary
Bilingual Mixed Languages
Introduction
Definition and Classification
Media Lengua
Structural characteristics
Adaptation of Spanish items to Quechua structure
Processes of change: the Relexification Hypothesis
Michif
Sociohistorical background
Sources of Michif structure
Phonology
NP structure
VP structure
Syntax of Michif
Convergence and innovation in Michif
Mechanisms and processes in the genesis of Michif
Creations Associated with Language Shift
The Case of Ma'a
Historical background
Structural features
The genesis of Ma'a
The Strange Case of Copper Island Aleut
Sociohistorical background
Structural characteristics of Copper Island Aleut
Processes and constraints in Copper Island Aleut origins
Summary
Sociohistorical background and social motivations
Processes and origins
Second Language Acquisition and Language Shift
An Overview of Individual Second Language Acquisition
Introduction
L1 Influence in SLA
L1 influence on the TL lexicon
L1 influence on L2 phonology
L1 influence on L2 morphology
L1 influence on TL syntax
Simplification in SLA
Internal Developments in L2 Systems
Developmental Stages in SLA
General characteristics of early interlanguage
Strategies and Processes in SLA
Principles and Constraints on SLA
The early stages of SLA: processing and learning principles
Constraints in the elaboration of L2 grammar
Typological universals and SLA
Markedness constraints and L1 influence in SLA
Constraints on transfer
Cognitive principles and IL development
Group Second Language Acquisition or Language Shift
Introduction
Irish English
Substratum influence on Irish English
"Indigenized" Englishes and Similar Contact Varieties
Issues in the Study of Language Shift
Processes of formation
Degrees of "fossilization" or approximation in group SLA
Colloquial Singapore English: a case of early IL "fossilization"?
Linguistic Constraints in Language Shift
Constraints on L1 influence
The concept of "transfer" in group SLA
Transfer as psycholinguistic process
Non-Structural Factors in Language Shift
Questions of Classification
First Language Attrition and Death
Introduction
External (Social) Factors in Language Death
Macro-level social factors
Stages of language attrition and death
Sociolinguistic factors within the shifting community
The Linguistic Consequences of L1 Attrition
Language decay
Language Attrition in Relation to Other Contact Phenomena
Summary
Pidgins and Pidginization
Introduction: Definitions
Social Contexts of Pidgin Formation
Russenorsk: A Brief Sketch
Structural Characteristics of Pidgins
Pidgin morphology and syntax
Pidgin lexicon
Pidgin phonology
Pidgin Formation in Relation to Early SLA
Processes of pidgin formation
Principles and constraints in pidgin formation
Elaborated or Extended Pidgins
The origins and development of extended pidgins
Social contexts of early Pacific Pidgin English
The emergence of early Melanesian Pidgin
Further elaboration of MP grammar
Simplified Languages
Issues of Classification Revisited
Summary
Creole Formation
Introduction
Defining Creoles
The Sociohistorical Background to Creole Formation
Portuguese colonization
The social contexts of creole formation
Community settings and codes of interaction
The Emergence of "Intermediate" Creoles: Bajan
The social context
Linguistic inputs and outcomes in Barbados
The Emergence of Radical Creoles: Suriname
The sociohistorical background
Some Aspects of Creole Grammar
Creole phonology
Creole lexicon
Creole morphology and morphosyntax
Creole TMA systems
Creole syntax
Theories of Creole Formation
Reconstructing creole formation: a caveat
Radical Creole Formation as SLA
The target of acquisition
Restructuring in creole grammar
Mechanisms, Constraints, and Principles in Creole Formation
Constraints on the linguistic inputs
Substrate influence: mechanisms and constraints
Leveling in creole formation
Universal Principles and Creole Formation
Universals and L1 influence
Universals and internal developments
Grammaticalization in creoles
Externally Motivated Change in Later Creole Development
Summary
References
Index

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