Archetypes of Wisdom An Introduction to Philosophy

ISBN-10: 0534605435
ISBN-13: 9780534605438
Edition: 5th 2004 (Revised)
List price: $96.95
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Description: Featuring Douglas J. Soccio's lucid and conversational prose and a well-chosen, reader-friendly array of succinct excerpts from canonical primary sources, ARCHETYPES OF WISDOM brings philosophy to life for its readers through the examination of many  More...

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Book details

List price: $96.95
Edition: 5th
Copyright year: 2004
Publisher: Wadsworth
Publication date: 6/23/2003
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 592
Size: 8.00" wide x 10.00" long x 1.00" tall
Weight: 2.244
Language: English

Featuring Douglas J. Soccio's lucid and conversational prose and a well-chosen, reader-friendly array of succinct excerpts from canonical primary sources, ARCHETYPES OF WISDOM brings philosophy to life for its readers through the examination of many paradigmatic philosophies and philosophers. Very much a student-focused book that speaks out of Soccio's non-condescending desire to speak to students where they "are" and not where they "should be," ARCHETYPES OF WISDOM includes numerous pedagogical illustrations and features (Philosophical Queries, a Marginal Glossary, Chapter Summaries, End-of-Chapter Questions for Reflection, to name a few) to make this often-times daunting subject the approachable and engaging subject it ought to be. The Sixth Edition represents a careful revision, with all changes made by Soccio to enhance and refresh the book's reader-praised search-for-wisdom motif. In particular, this edition features new coverage of Lao-Tzu; expanded, chapter-length treatment of Kierkegaard; and an engaging introduction to the complex landscape of philosophy in the twentieth century focusing on the two archetypal thinkers of this time period: Wittgenstein and Heidegger. Soccio's lauded prose is also enhanced in this Sixth Edition by the text's new full-color design. The text is supported by an unmatched array of teaching and learning resources that include ThomsonNOW??a powerful online tutorial and course management system, and dynamic easy-to-use lecture and class preparation tools exclusive to Thomson Wadsworth.

Douglas Soccio was professor of philosophy at Shasta College for nearly 30 years. In addition to ARCHETYPES OF WISDOM: AN INTRODUCTION TO PHILOSOPHY, 9E, he is the author of HOW TO GET THE MOST OUT OF PHILOSOPHY, and, with Vincent E. Barry, PRACTICAL LOGIC, all of which are published by Cengage Learning. For three years he wrote a weekly philosophy column for the REDDING RECORD SEARCHLIGHT. Now devoted to writing on a full-time basis, he is presently developing a collection of philosophical stories that express what he describes as "philosophy with a heart," a generous notion of philosophy that infuses all of his writing.

Philosophy and the Search for Wisdomp. 1
What to Expect from This Bookp. 3
Areas of Philosophyp. 4
Philosophical Archetypesp. 5
Are Philosophers Always Men?p. 7
Philosophy and the Search for Truthp. 8
"Isn't All This Just a Matter of Opinion?"p. 10
Wisdom, Knowledge, and Beliefp. 12
Knowledgep. 12
Beliefp. 13
Willed Ignorancep. 14
A Note about the Spirit of Philosophyp. 14
Overview of Classical Themesp. 19
Nature and Conventionp. 21
Contemporary Lessons from the Pastp. 22
The Search for Excellencep. 23
The Search for Happinessp. 24
The Asian Sage: Lao-tzu and Buddhap. 25
The Taoist Sage: Lao-tzup. 27
The Wayp. 30
People Cannot Stop Talking About Itp. 31
The Way of Reversalp. 32
Prefer Yin to Yangp. 34
The Union of Relative Oppositesp. 35
The Doctrine of Inactionp. 36
Doing Nothingp. 37
The Buddhap. 40
Siddhartha the Seekerp. 40
The Long Searchp. 41
The Bodhisattvap. 42
The Death of the Buddhap. 44
Buddha's Philosophy Labp. 46
Unsatisfactorinessp. 46
Karmap. 48
The Four Noble Truthsp. 48
The Eightfold Pathp. 49
Buddha Nowp. 51
Buddha's Dharma Familyp. 52
The Buddha's Legacyp. 52
Five Preceptsp. 54
What The Buddha Did Not Explainp. 55
Commentaryp. 56
The Presocratic Sophosp. 61
From Sophos to Philosopherp. 64
The Search for a Common Principlep. 64
Thalesp. 65
Rational Discoursep. 65
The Problem of Changep. 66
Quality and Quantityp. 67
The Onep. 67
Being and Changep. 69
The Manyp. 70
Mindp. 71
Atoms and the Voidp. 72
Reason and Necessityp. 74
Nature and Conventionp. 75
The Logosp. 75
Appearance and Realityp. 77
War and Strifep. 78
Commentaryp. 79
The Sophist: Protagorasp. 82
The Advent of Professional Educatorsp. 85
The Sophistsp. 86
Power and Educationp. 88
Relativismp. 89
Protagoras the Pragmatistp. 90
Moral Realism: Might Makes Rightp. 94
The Doctrine of the Superior Individualp. 96
Commentaryp. 97
The Wise Man: Socratesp. 102
The General Character of Socratesp. 104
The Ugliest Man in Athensp. 105
Barefoot in Athensp. 107
A Most Unusual Father and Husbandp. 108
The Archetypal Individualp. 109
The Teacher and His Teachingsp. 112
The Dialecticp. 113
Socratic Ironyp. 113
Socrates at Workp. 114
Sophos versus Sophistp. 116
The Unexamined Lifep. 119
Socratic Ignorancep. 120
The Power of Human Wisdomp. 122
The Physician of the Soulp. 124
No One Knowingly Does Evilp. 125
Virtue Is Wisdomp. 126
The Trial and Death of Socratesp. 128
The Death of Socratesp. 130
Commentaryp. 133
The Philosopher-King: Platop. 137
Plato's Life and Workp. 139
The Decline of the Aristocracyp. 140
Plato's Disillusionmentp. 142
The Academyp. 143
Plato's Epistemologyp. 144
Plato's Dualistic Solutionp. 145
Knowledge and Beingp. 145
The Theory of Formsp. 146
What Are Forms?p. 146
Why Plato Needed the Formsp. 148
Knowledge and Opinionp. 149
What Happens When We Disagree?p. 150
The Divided Linep. 151
Levels of Awarenessp. 152
The Simile of the Sunp. 154
The Allegory of the Cavep. 155
The Rule of the Wisep. 158
The Republicp. 159
The Search for Justicep. 160
Function and Happinessp. 161
The Ideal Statep. 161
The Parts of the Soulp. 162
The Cardinal Virtuesp. 163
Societies and Individualsp. 164
The Origin of Democracyp. 164
The Pendulum of Imbalancep. 166
The Tyranny of Excessp. 168
Commentaryp. 168
The Naturalist: Aristotlep. 172
Worksp. 174
Aristotle's Lifep. 174
The Lyceump. 175
The Naturalistp. 177
Natural Changesp. 178
Formp. 178
Matterp. 179
Changep. 180
Aristotle's Hierarchy of Explanationsp. 181
The Four Causesp. 182
Material Causep. 182
Formal Causep. 183
Efficient Causep. 184
Final Causep. 184
Entelechyp. 185
Psyche as Entelechyp. 185
The Hierarchy of Soulsp. 186
Natural Happinessp. 187
The Goodp. 188
Teleological Thinkingp. 188
The Science of the Goodp. 190
Eudaimoniap. 191
The Good Life Is a Processp. 192
Hitting the Markp. 193
The Principle of the Meanp. 194
Character and Habitp. 195
Application of the Meanp. 196
Commentaryp. 198
The Stoic: Epictetus and Marcus Aureliusp. 202
The Cynical Origins of Stoicismp. 205
The Slave and the Emperorp. 207
Epictetus: From Slave to Sagep. 208
Marcus Aurelius: Philosopher-Kingp. 209
The Fated Lifep. 210
The Stoic Logosp. 211
The Disinterested Rational Willp. 213
Stoic Wisdomp. 215
Control versus Influencep. 216
Some Things Are Not in Our Controlp. 217
Some Things Are in Our Controlp. 218
Relationshipsp. 219
Everything Has a Pricep. 222
Suffering and Couragep. 222
Stoicism Todayp. 224
Reality Therapy: William Glasserp. 225
Rational-Emotive Therapy: Albert Ellisp. 225
Logotherapy: Viktor E. Franklp. 226
Epictetus in Vietnamp. 227
Commentaryp. 229
The Scholar: Thomas Aquinasp. 233
The God-Centered Universep. 235
The Seeds of Changep. 236
The Need to Reconcile Faith and Reasonp. 237
The Life of Thomas Aquinasp. 238
The Dominicanp. 239
The University of Parisp. 239
Albertus Magnus: The Universal Teacherp. 240
The Task of the Scholarp. 242
The Wisdom of the Scholarp. 242
Why Do People Argue About Spiritual Matters?p. 244
God and Natural Reasonp. 244
Proving the Existence of Godp. 245
The First Way: Motionp. 246
The Second Way: Causep. 246
The Third Way: Necessityp. 247
The Fourth Way: Degreep. 249
The Fifth Way: Designp. 250
Commentary on the Five Waysp. 251
Complications for Natural Theologyp. 254
The Problem of Evilp. 254
Commentaryp. 257
Overview of Modern Themesp. 260
Reason, Reformation, and Revolutionp. 261
The Reformationp. 261
The Copernican Revolutionp. 263
Where Are We, Then?p. 266
The Rationalist: Rene Descartesp. 267
The Problem of Authorityp. 268
Rene Descartes: The Solitary Intellectp. 269
Rationalismp. 271
Against Disorganized Thinkingp. 271
The Method of Doubtp. 273
The Cartesian "I" and Methodic Doubtp. 275
Standard of Truthp. 276
Innate Ideasp. 277
The Cartesian Genesisp. 278
The Doubting Selfp. 278
Maybe It's All a Dream?p. 279
The Evil Geniusp. 280
Cogito, ergo sump. 281
The Innate Idea of Godp. 283
The Perfect Idea of Perfectionp. 283
Descartes' Ontological Argumentp. 285
Reconstructing the Worldp. 287
The Cartesian Bridgep. 288
Cartesian Dualismp. 288
The Mind-Body Problemp. 289
Commentaryp. 291
The Skeptic: David Humep. 294
John Lockep. 297
Experience Is the Origin of All Ideasp. 298
Locke's Rejection of Innate Ideasp. 299
Locke's Dualismp. 300
Primary and Secondary Qualitiesp. 301
Locke's Egocentric Predicamentp. 302
George Berkeleyp. 303
David Hume: The Scottish Skepticp. 306
The Skeptical Masterpiecep. 307
An Honest Manp. 308
Hume's Skeptical Empiricismp. 310
Impressions and Ideasp. 311
The Empirical Criterion of Meaningp. 311
The Selfp. 312
Personal Immortalityp. 314
The Limits of Reasonp. 315
The Limits of Sciencep. 316
The Limits of Theologyp. 318
The Limits of Ethicsp. 320
The Facts, Just the Factsp. 322
Moral Sentimentsp. 323
Rejection of Egoismp. 324
Commentaryp. 325
The Universalist: Immanuel Kantp. 330
The Professorp. 332
The Solitary Writerp. 333
A Scandal in Philosophyp. 335
Kant's Copernican Revolutionp. 337
Critical Philosophyp. 339
Phenomena and Noumenap. 340
Transcendental Ideasp. 340
The Objectivity of Experiencep. 342
The Metaphysics of Moralsp. 344
Practical Reasonp. 344
The Moral Law Withinp. 345
The Good Willp. 346
Inclinations, Wishes, Acts of Willp. 347
Moral Dutyp. 348
Hypothetical Imperativesp. 349
The Categorical Imperativep. 350
The Kingdom of Endsp. 353
Commentaryp. 355
The Utilitarian: John Stuart Millp. 359
Unrefined Hedonismp. 361
The Meaning of Life Is Pleasurep. 361
Knowledge and Pleasurep. 362
Epicurean Hedonismp. 363
The Garden of Epicurusp. 364
Quality versus Quantityp. 364
Social Hedonismp. 365
Philosophy and Social Reformp. 367
The Principle of Utilityp. 368
The Hedonic Calculusp. 369
The Egoistic Foundation of Social Concernp. 370
John Stuart Millp. 371
Mill's Crisisp. 372
Redemption and Balancep. 373
Refined Utilitarianismp. 375
Higher Pleasuresp. 377
Lower Pleasuresp. 377
Altruism and Happinessp. 379
Utilitarian Social Logicp. 381
Happiness and Mere Contentmentp. 382
Mill's Persistent Optimismp. 382
Commentaryp. 384
The Materialist: Karl Marxp. 389
The Prophetp. 391
Marx's Hegelian Rootsp. 391
Other Influencesp. 392
The Wandererp. 393
Friedrich Engelsp. 395
Vindicationp. 395
Dialectical Materialismp. 396
Mystification and Materialismp. 398
Economic Determinismp. 400
Critique of Capitalismp. 402
The Bourgeoisie and the Proletariatp. 402
Co-Optionp. 405
Class Strugglep. 406
Seeds of Destructionp. 407
Alienationp. 408
Psychic Alienationp. 410
Species-Lifep. 411
Commentaryp. 412
Overview of Postmodern Themesp. 416
What Is Philosophy (continued)?p. 417
Of Metaphors and Marginsp. 418
Is Objectivity Possible?p. 419
Is Objectivity Desirable?p. 420
The Existentialists: Soren Kierkegaard and Jean-Paul Sartrep. 422
Existentialism Was Bound to Happenp. 424
Soren Kierkegaardp. 425
The Family Cursep. 425
The Universal Formulap. 426
The Christianp. 428
That Individualp. 429
Truth as Subjectivityp. 429
Objectivity as Untruthp. 432
The Present Agep. 433
An Age of Virtual Equalityp. 434
Sartre and the Age of Forlornnessp. 437
Jean-Paul Sartrep. 438
Nauseap. 439
Existence Is Absurdp. 440
The Celebrity Philosopherp. 440
Freedom and Anguishp. 441
Forlornnessp. 442
Condemnned to Be Freep. 444
Anguishp. 446
Despairp. 448
Optimistic Toughnessp. 450
Commentaryp. 451
The Anti-Philosopher: Friedrich Nietzschep. 455
The Outsidep. 458
Beyond the Academyp. 459
Tragic Optimismp. 460
Zarathustra Speaksp. 460
The Last Philosopherp. 463
Truth Is a Matter of Perspectivep. 464
Attack on Objectivityp. 465
The Will to Powerp. 466
The Diseases of Modernityp. 467
The Problem of Moralityp. 468
The Problem of Being Moralisticp. 469
The Problem of Utilitarianismp. 470
The Problem of Altruismp. 470
The Problem of Generalized Accountsp. 471
God Is Deadp. 472
Nihilismp. 473
Overmanp. 474
Slave Moralityp. 475
Ressentimentp. 477
Master Moralityp. 479
The Eternal Recurrencep. 482
Amor Fatip. 484
Commentaryp. 484
The Pragmatist: William Jamesp. 488
An American Originalp. 490
The Education of a Philosopherp. 490
The Philosopher as Herop. 492
The Philosopher as Advocatep. 493
Charles Sanders Peircep. 494
Peirce's "Pragmaticism"p. 494
Pragmatic Theory of Meaningp. 495
Pragmatismp. 496
Pragmatic Method and Philosophyp. 496
The Temper of Beliefp. 498
The Will to Believep. 500
Truth Happens to an Ideap. 501
The Dilemma of Determinismp. 503
The Inner Sense of Freedomp. 504
Morality and the Goodp. 506
The Heroic Lifep. 507
Pragmatic Religionp. 508
A Religious Dilemmap. 509
Ultramarginal Lifep. 510
Truth Is Always Personalp. 512
Danger Signsp. 513
Commentaryp. 514
Philosophy as a Way of Lifep. 519
Public and Private Philosophyp. 522
Can Wisdom Be Generalized?p. 522
The Masculinization of Thoughtp. 524
From Cosmos To Machinep. 524
A Masculine Theory of Justicep. 526
What About Family Justice?p. 527
The Reemergence of Other Voicesp. 529
Philosophizing in a Different Voicep. 529
Public Philosophersp. 531
Martha C. Nussbaum: "Lawyer for Humanity"p. 532
Martin Luther King, Jr.: Philosophic Activistp. 533
Character Is Destinyp. 535
The Value of Moral Tensionp. 536
Peter Singer: "The Dangerous Philosopher"p. 538
The Singer Solution to World Povertyp. 539
A Vision for Youp. 541
Philosophy as a Way of Lifep. 542
Let Philosophy Touch Your Heartp. 544
A Message From Epictetusp. 545
Commentaryp. 545
Notesp. 549
Glossaryp. 561
Bibliography of Interesting Sourcesp. 571
Creditsp. 577
Index of Margin Quotesp. 579
Indexp. 581
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

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