Contemporary Moral Problems

ISBN-10: 0534584306
ISBN-13: 9780534584306
Edition: 8th 2006 (Revised)
Authors: James E. White
List price: $140.95
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Description: This classic topically organized anthology--replete with problem cases, illuminating introductory essays, and end of-chapter study questions--engages students in a variety of contemporary moral debates. Combining divergent viewpoints on a number of  More...

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Book details

List price: $140.95
Edition: 8th
Copyright year: 2006
Publisher: Wadsworth
Publication date: 2/23/2005
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 624
Size: 7.00" wide x 9.00" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 1.892

This classic topically organized anthology--replete with problem cases, illuminating introductory essays, and end of-chapter study questions--engages students in a variety of contemporary moral debates. Combining divergent viewpoints on a number of timely issues and an introduction to the major currents of thought in the history of Western ethics, White's CONTEMPORARY MORAL PROBLEMS, Eighth Edition provides students with a proven roadmap through the compelling and contentious arena of today's most pressing moral problems.

Preface
Ethical Theories
Introduction
James Rachels: Egoism and Moral Scepticism
John Arthur: Religion, Morality, and Conscience
Saint Thomas Aquinas: The Natural Law
David Hume: Morality is Based on Sentiment
William H. Shaw: Ethical Relativism
John Stuart Mill: Utilitarianism
Immanuel Kant: The Categorical Imperative
Aristotle: Happiness and Virtue
John Rawls: A Theory of Justice
Jean Grimshaw: The Idea of a Female Ethic
Problem Cases
Suggested Readings
Abortion
Introduction
The U.S. Supreme Court: Roe v. Wade (1973)
John T. Noonan, Jr.: An Almost Absolute Value in History
Judith Jarvis Thomson: A Defense of Abortion
Mary Anne Warren: On the Moral and Legal Status of Abortion
Don Marquis: An Argument that Abortion Is Wrong
Elizabeth Harman: Creation Ethics
Problem Cases
Suggested Readings
Euthanasia and the Duty to Die
Introduction
James Rachels: Active and Passive Euthanasia
Bonnie Steinbock: The Intentional Termination of Life
Phillippa Foot: Killing and Letting Die
John Harris: The Survival Lottery
Peter Singer: Justifying Voluntary Euthanasia
John Hardwig: Is There a Duty to Die?
Problem Cases
Suggested Readings
Capital Punishment
Introduction
The U.S. Supreme Court: Gregg v. Georgia (1976)
Immanuel Kant: The Retributive Theory of Punishment
Ernest van den Haag: The Ultimate Punishment: A Defense of Capital Punishment
Jeffrey H. Reiman: Justice, Civilization, and the Death Penalty
Problem Cases
Suggested Readings
Sexuality and Marriage
Introduction
The Vatican: Declaration on Sexual Ethics
John Corvino: Why Shouldn't Tommy and Jim Have Sex? A Defense of Homosexuality
David Bradshaw: A Reply to Corvino
Martha Nussbaum: Plato and Aristotle on Love
Sam Schulman: Gay Marriage-and Marriage
Jonathan Rauch: Who Needs Marriage?
Problem Cases
Suggested Readings
Liberty and Drugs
Introduction
John Stuart Mill: On Liberty
John Hospers: What Libertarianism Is
Gerald Dworkin: Paternalism
Thomas Szasz: The Ethics of Addiction
James Q. Wilson: Against Legalization of Drugs
Daniel Shapiro: Addiction and Drug Policy
Problem Cases
Suggested Readings
The Moral Status of Animals
Introduction
Immanuel Kant: Our Duties to Animals
Peter Singer: All Animals Are Equal
Tom Regan: The Case for Animal Rights
Mary Anne Warren: Difficulties with the Strong Animal Rights Position
Roger Scruton: The Moral Status of Animals
Problem Cases
Suggested Readings
The Environment and Consumption
Introduction
Aldo Leopold: The Land Ethic
J. Baird Callicot: Animal Liberation: A Triangular Affair
Alan Thein Durning: The Environmental Costs of Consumption
Peter Singer: Famine, Affluence, and Morality
Problem Cases
Suggested Readings
War and Terrorism
Introduction
Douglas P. Lackey: Pacifism
William V. O'Brien: The Conduct of Just and Limited War
Haig Khatchadourian: The Morality of Terrorism
Laurie Calhoun: The Terrorist's Tacit Message
David Luban: The War on Terrorism and the End of Human Rights
Michael G. Knapp: The Concept and Practice of Jihad in Islam
Problem Cases
Suggested Readings
Index

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