Basic Skills in Psychotherapy and Counseling

ISBN-10: 053454942X
ISBN-13: 9780534549428
Edition: 2001
Authors: Christiane Brems
List price: $133.95
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Description: This engaging, straightforward, and easy-to-read text is designed to prepare students for beginning mental health practice by helping them develop an overall appreciation of counseling and psychotherapy, along with the basic skills they will need to  More...

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Book details

List price: $133.95
Copyright year: 2001
Publisher: Wadsworth
Publication date: 8/14/2000
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 448
Size: 6.50" wide x 9.25" long x 1.00" tall
Weight: 1.584
Language: English

This engaging, straightforward, and easy-to-read text is designed to prepare students for beginning mental health practice by helping them develop an overall appreciation of counseling and psychotherapy, along with the basic skills they will need to work effectively with clients. Skill-building exercises throughout the text help students master four types of skills: personal and professional development skills (including cultural sensitivity), communication skills, skills associated with the client's thoughts (cognitive skills), and skills associated with the client's emotions (affective skills).

Listing of Figures and Tables
Preface
Acknowledgments
Preliminary Issues
Traits of Successful Therapists and Counselors
Issues in Choosing a Career in Mental Health
Disciplines, Degrees, and Related Credentials Relevant to a Career in Mental Health
Motivations Underlying the Choice of a Career in Mental Health
Skill Development Recommendations
Personal Traits Relevant to the Practice of Psychotherapy and Counseling
Facilitating Traits of Mental-Health-Care Providers
Hindering Traits of Mental-Health-Care Providers
Countertransference Issues
Skill Development Recommendations
The Next Step: Necessary Skills for Mental-Health Practice
Self-Awareness Skills
Values Clarification
Mandatory Versus Aspirational Ethics
Individual Self-Awareness
Common Therapy and Counseling Topics That Involve Values
Interpersonal Self-Awareness
Skill Development Recommendations
Cultural Competence and Sensitivity
Cultural Awareness
Cultural Knowledge
Cultural Skills
Skill Development Recommendations
Self-Care Skills
Self-Exploration and Awareness
Personal Therapy or Counseling
Inner Work
Meditation
Skill Development Recommendations
Relaxation and Centeredness
Breathing Exercises
Mindfulness Practice
Relaxation Exercises
Guided Imagery
Skill Development Recommendations
Healthy Personal Habits
Nutrition
Physical Activity
Rest
Physical Self-Awareness
Involvement with Nature
Skill Development Recommendations
Attention to Relationships
Skill Development Recommendations
Recreational Activities
Skill Development Recommendations
Skills to Facilitate Communication in Psychotherapy and Counseling
Attending Skills: Nonverbal Communication and Listening
Nonverbal Communication
Interaction of Verbal and Nonverbal Communication
Components of Nonverbal Communication
Helpful Hints for Nonverbal Communication
Skill Development Recommendations
Listening Skills
Roadblocks to Listening
Essential Skills for Good Listening
Skill Development Recommendations
Questions to Encourage Communication
General Guidelines About Questions
Pitfalls in the Use of Questions
Examples of Clinicians' Reasons for Controlling or Intrusive Questions
Additional Thoughts About the Use of Questions
Open-Ended Questions
Sample Transcript of Open-Ended Questions
Skill Development Recommendations
Systematic Inquiry
Sample Transcript of a Systematic Inquiry
Skill Development Recommendations
Response Types: Verbal Communication and Client Disclosure
Encouraging Phrases
Sample Transcripts for Encouragers
Skill Development Recommendations
Restatements and Paraphrases
Sample Transcripts for Restatements and Paraphrases
Skill Development Recommendations
Reflections
Sample Transcripts of Reflections
Skill Development Recommendations
Interfacing Response Types
Guidelines for When Best to Use Which Response Type
Sample Transcripts for Interfacing All Response Types
Summarization
Sample Transcripts of Summarization
A Few Final Comments
Skill Development Recommendations
Moving Beyond Simple Communication: The Process of Empathy
Empathy--Preliminary Issues
Prerequisite Traits and Skills for Optimal Empathic Skillfulness
Empathic Skillfulness as a Cyclical Process
The Phases of the Cycle of Empathic Skillfulness
Sample Transcript of a Cycle of Empathic Skillfulness
The Additive Nature of Empathic Skillfulness
Level One and Level Two Responses: Empathic Failure Versus Optimal Empathic Failure
Level Three Responses: Reflection Versus Empathy
Level Four and Level Five Responses: Imposing a Viewpoint Versus True Empathic Skillfulness
Samples of Level One to Level Five Responses
Skill Development Recommendations
Skills for Cognitive Awareness in Psychotherapy and Counseling
Working with Thought and Cognition: Overview and Basic Skills
A Model for Conceptualizing Working with Thought and Cognition
The Process of Normal Cognitive Development and Implications for Therapy and Counseling
A Hierarchy of Interventions and Strategies for Working with Thought and Cognition
Dealing with Clients' Cognition-Related Crises in Session
Basic Strategies for Working with Thought and Cognition
Imparting Information
Sample Transcript of Imparting Information
Pointing Out Patterns
Asking Clarifying Questions
Skill Development Recommendations
Working with Thought and Cognition: Advanced Interventions
Establishment of a Context for Advanced Cognitive Intervention
Step One Toward Building Context
Step Two Toward Building Context
Step Three Toward Building Context
Step Four Toward Building Context
Confrontation
Basic Mechanics of How to Use Confrontation
Guidelines for the Use of Confrontation
Sample Transcript of Confrontation
Skill Development Recommendations
Here-and-Now Cognitive Processing
Basic Mechanics of Here-And-Now Process Comments
An Outline for Processing Here-and-Now Events
Recognizing and Utilizing Opportunities for the Use of Here-and-Now Process Comments
Sample Transcript of Here-and-Now Process Comments
Interpretation
Skill Development Recommendations
Assumptions Underlying the Use of Interpretations
Factors to Consider When Using Interpretations
Guidelines for Using Interpretations
Sample Transcript of Interpretation
Skill Development Recommendations
Skills for Affective Awareness in Psychotherapy and Counseling
Working with Affect and Emotion: Overview and Basic Skills
A Model for Affective Awareness and Inner Experience
Basic Awareness of Affect
Basic Inner Experience of Affect
Labeling of Basic Affect
Identification of Default Affect
Identification of Affect Intensity
Identification of Mixed and Conflicted Affect
Identification of Underlying Affect
Acceptance of Affect
Understanding of Affect
A Model for Affective Expression
Conscious Outward Expression
Ritualized Outward Expression
Congruence with Level of Intensity
Congruence with Type of Emotion
Facilitating Clients' Affective Experience and Expression in Session
Dealing with Clients' Affect in Session
Dealing with Loss of Control Over Emotion
Dealing with Uncontrollable Crying
Dealing with Strong Anxiety Reactions and Panic
Dealing with Anger and Hostility
Dealing with Depersonalization and Dissociation
Skill Development Recommendations
Working with Affect and Emotion: Focus on the Body
Focus on the Breath
Basic Breathing Exercise at Level One of Inner Experience
Advanced Breathing Exercise at Level Eight of Inner Experience
Skill Development Recommendations
Focus on the Body
Bodily-Awareness Exercise
Body Attunement Exercise
Skill Development Recommendations
Focus on the Bridge Between Body and Affect
Basic-Bodily-Experience Exercise
Advanced-Bodily-Experience Exercise
Skill Development Recommendations
Working with Affect and Emotion: Focus on Feelings
Focus on the Experience and Identification of Affect
Here-and-Now Affect Exploration Exercises
Affect Continuum Exercise
Skill Development Recommendations
Focus on the Acceptance and Understanding of Affect
Progressive-Muscle-Relaxation Exercise
Focusing-Relaxation Exercise
Skill Development Recommendations
Final Thoughts
References
Author Index
Subject Index

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