Invisible Woman Gender, Crime, and Justice

ISBN-10: 0534542093
ISBN-13: 9780534542092
Edition: 2nd 2001 (Revised)
Authors: Joanne Belknap
List price: $50.95
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Description: This text covers women and the criminal justice system with a focus on three major areas: (1) female offenders and their treatment by the criminal justice system; (2) female victims of crime; and (3) female employees of the agencies of the criminal  More...

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Book details

List price: $50.95
Edition: 2nd
Copyright year: 2001
Publisher: Wadsworth
Publication date: 11/2/2000
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 464
Size: 6.50" wide x 9.25" long x 1.00" tall
Weight: 1.496
Language: English

This text covers women and the criminal justice system with a focus on three major areas: (1) female offenders and their treatment by the criminal justice system; (2) female victims of crime; and (3) female employees of the agencies of the criminal justice system. This is the only text to emphasize all three aspects.

Nelda Shelton received her B.S. and M.B.E. degrees from the University of North Texas, Denton, Texas. She has taught full-time in the Business and Office Administration Departments of Tarrant County College, South Campus in Fort Worth, Texas. Ms. Shelton's teaching experience encompasses business math, business communications, office procedures, and introduction to accounting both in the classroom and distance learning via the Internet. She has worked part time for the U. S. Office of Personnel Management as a trainer and as an independent contractor. She has also served as a part-time instructor the Dallas County Community College District. Ms. Shelton has co-authored several successful texts in areas of business and office administration.A lifelong advocate for women's issues and a renowned scholar and researcher at the University of Colorado's department of Sociology, Joanne Belknap is both a powerful feminist and a talented analyst of the criminal justice system.

Prefacep. XII
Introduction
The Emergence of Gender in Criminologyp. 3
Invisibility of Women and Girls in Crimep. 4
Sex Versus Genderp. 11
What Is Feminism?p. 15
What is Feminist Method?p. 19
Effect of Societal Images on Women in Crimep. 21
Diversity Among Womenp. 24
Summaryp. 26
Female Offending
Critiquing Criminological Theoriesp. 33
The Traditional, Positivist Studiesp. 35
Strain and Subcultural Theoriesp. 40
Differential Association Theoryp. 43
Labeling Theoryp. 45
Social Control Theoryp. 47
Marxist/Radical Theoriesp. 52
Women's Liberation/Emancipation Hypothesisp. 54
Biosocial and Evolutionary Psychological Theoriesp. 56
Feminist and Pro-Feminist Theoriesp. 58
Summaryp. 71
The Frequency and Nature of Female Offendingp. 80
Description of Offendingp. 81
The Importance of How Crime Rates Are Measured and the Roles of Gender, Age, Race, and Classp. 87
Female Offending in Contextp. 89
Summaryp. 117
Processing Women and Girls in the Systemp. 125
Criminal Laws and Sex Discriminationp. 126
Sentencing Laws and Sex Discriminationp. 129
Three Hypotheses of Sex Discrimination in Crime Processingp. 131
Chivalry and Paternalismp. 132
Empirical Findings on Gender Differences in Crime Processingp. 133
Summaryp. 149
Incarcerating, Punishing, and "Treating" Offending Women and Girlsp. 155
History of Institutionalizing Femalesp. 156
Women's Prisons Todayp. 163
Rates of Imprisonmentp. 166
Who Is in Women's Prisons and Delinquent Girls' Institutions?p. 168
Girls' "Correctional" Institutionsp. 171
Psychological Aspects of Women's Imprisonmentp. 173
Parenthood: A Gender Difference among Prisonersp. 176
Educational, Vocational, and Recreational Programsp. 179
Health Care Servicesp. 182
The Prison Subculturep. 186
Co-Correctionsp. 191
Women and the Death Penaltyp. 194
Summaryp. 195
Female Victims of Male Violence
The Image of the Female Victimp. 205
The Link between Actual Victimizations and the Fear of Crimep. 207
Effect of Culture on Gender Rolesp. 210
Gender Disparities in Powerp. 212
Threat of Violencep. 213
Victim Blamingp. 215
Victimization of Women and Girls of Colorp. 218
The Victimization of Women and Girls with Disabilitiesp. 220
Summaryp. 221
Sexual Victimizationp. 227
Defining Sexual Victimizationp. 227
Historical Issues in Defining Sexual Victimizationp. 228
Statistics on Sexual Victimizationp. 230
Who Are the Victims?p. 232
Who Are the Offenders?p. 233
The Victim-Offender Relationshipp. 235
Child Sexual Victimizationp. 235
Date Rapep. 240
Marital Rapep. 246
Sexual Harassmentp. 249
Sexual Victimization and the Crime-Processing Systemp. 253
Summaryp. 258
Woman Battering and Stalkingp. 267
Defining Battering and Stalkingp. 267
History of Identifying Battering as a Social Problemp. 270
The Frequency of Battering and Stalkingp. 272
Walker's Cycle Theory of Violencep. 276
Why Do (Some) Men Batter?p. 277
Who Are the Batterers and Stalkers?p. 278
Inhibitors to Leaving a Violent Relationshipp. 281
The Constant Threat of Dangerp. 289
Woman Battering and the Crime-Processing Systemp. 291
Health Professionalsp. 303
Summaryp. 305
Women Workers
Working Women: Breaking the Barriersp. 319
Movement from the Private to the Public Spherep. 320
Movement Toward Gender Equalityp. 327
Legal Implicationsp. 333
The History of Women's Entry into Decision-Making Positions in the Criminal-Processing Systemp. 339
Summaryp. 350
Working Women: on the Jobp. 356
Legal Pressure for Women's Employment in Crime Processingp. 357
The Current Rate of Women's Employment in the Criminal-Processing Systemp. 358
Women as Tokens in the Workplacep. 362
Women as Tokens in Crime-Processing Jobs since the 1970sp. 366
Institutionalized Sexismp. 368
Institutionalized Heterosexismp. 369
Gender Similarities and Differences in Job Performancesp. 369
Organizational, Social, and Individual Resistance and Support Regarding Women's Work in Crime-Fighting Jobsp. 371
Prisoner Privacy and Prison Safety: A Roadblock for Women Guards in Male Prisonsp. 384
Classifications of Women Employees in Male-Dominated Jobsp. 387
Summaryp. 391
Conclusions
Effecting Changep. 401
New Theoriesp. 401
Changing the Treatment of Female Offendersp. 402
Changing Responses to Male Violence Against Womenp. 409
Changes for Women Crime-Processing Professionalsp. 416
Summaryp. 419
Name Indexp. 427
Subject Indexp. 440
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

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