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Mechanics | |

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Physics and Measurement | |

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Standards of Length, Mass, and Time | |

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Matter and Model Building | |

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Density and Atomic Mass | |

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Dimensional Analysis | |

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Conversion of Units | |

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Estimates and Order-of-Magnitude Calculations | |

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Significant Figures | |

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Motion in One Dimension | |

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Position, Velocity, and Speed | |

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Instantaneous Velocity and Speed | |

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Acceleration | |

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Motion Diagrams | |

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One-Dimensional Motion with Constant Acceleration | |

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Freely Falling Objects | |

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Kinematic Equations Derived from Calculus | |

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General Problem-Solving Strategy | |

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Vectors | |

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Coordinate Systems | |

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Vector and Scalar Quantities | |

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Some Properties of Vectors | |

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Components of a Vector and Unit Vectors | |

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Motion in Two Dimensions | |

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The Position, Velocity, and Acceleration Vectors | |

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Two-Dimensional Motion with Constant Acceleration | |

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Projectile Motion | |

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Uniform Circular Motion | |

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Tangential and Radial Acceleration | |

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Relative Velocity and Relative Acceleration | |

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The Laws of Motion | |

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The Concept of Force | |

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Newton's First Law and Inertial Frames | |

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Mass | |

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Newton's Second Law | |

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The Gravitational Force and Weight | |

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Newton's Third Law | |

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Some Applications of Newton's Laws | |

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Forces of Friction | |

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Circular Motion and Other Applications of Newton's Laws | |

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Newton's Second Law Applied to Uniform Circular Motion | |

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Nonuniform Circular Motion | |

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Motion in Accelerated Frames | |

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Motion in the Presence of Resistive Forces | |

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Numerical Modeling in Particle Dynamics | |

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Energy and Energy Transfer | |

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Systems and Environments | |

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Work Done by a Constant Force | |

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The Scalar Product of Two Vectors | |

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Work Done by a Varying Force | |

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Kinetic Energy and the Work-Kinetic Energy Theorem | |

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The Nonisolated System--Conservation of Energy | |

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Situations Involving Kinetic Friction | |

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Power | |

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Energy and the Automobile | |

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Potential Energy | |

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Potential Energy of a System | |

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The Isolated System--Conservation of Mechanical Energy | |

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Conservative and Nonconservative Forces | |

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Changes in Mechanical Energy for Nonconservative Forces | |

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Relationship Between Conservative Forces and Potential Energy | |

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Energy Diagrams and Equilibrium of a System | |

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Linear Momentum and Collisions | |

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Linear Momentum and Its Conservation | |

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Impulse and Momentum | |

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Collisions in One Dimension | |

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Two-Dimensional Collisions | |

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The Center of Mass | |

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Motion of a System of Particles | |

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Rocket Propulsion | |

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Rotation of a Rigid Object About a Fixed Axis | |

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Angular Position, Velocity, and Acceleration | |

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Rotational Kinematics: Rotational Motion with Constant Angular Acceleration | |

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Angular and Linear Quantities | |

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Rotational Kinetic Energy | |

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Calculation of Moments of Inertia | |

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Torque | |

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Relationship Between Torque and Angular Acceleration | |

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Work, Power, and Energy in Rotational Motion | |

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Rolling Motion of a Rigid Object | |

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Angular Momentum | |

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The Vector Product and Torque | |

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Angular Momentum | |

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Angular Momentum of a Rotating Rigid Object | |

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Conservation of Angular Momentum | |

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The Motion of Gyroscopes and Tops | |

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Angular Momentum as a Fundamental Quantity | |

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Static Equilibrium and Elasticity | |

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The Conditions for Equilibrium | |

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More on the Center of Gravity | |

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Examples of Rigid Objects in Static Equilibrium | |

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Elastic Properties of Solids | |

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Universal Gravitation | |

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Newton's Law of Universal Gravitation | |

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Measuring the Gravitational Constant | |

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Free-Fall Acceleration and the Gravitational Force | |

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Kepler's Laws and the Motion of Planets | |

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The Gravitational Field | |

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Gravitational Potential Energy | |

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Energy Considerations in Planetary and Satellite Motion | |

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Fluid Mechanics | |

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Pressure | |

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Variation of Pressure with Depth | |

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Pressure Measurements | |

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Buoyant Forces and Archimedes's Principle | |

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Fluid Dynamics | |

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Bernoulli's Equation | |

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Other Applications of Fluid Dynamics | |

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Oscillations and Mechanical Waves | |

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Oscillatory Motion | |

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Motion of an Object Attached to a Spring | |

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Mathematical Representation of Simple Harmonic Motion | |

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Energy of the Simple Harmonic Oscillator | |

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Comparing Simple Harmonic Motion with Uniform Circular Motion | |

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The Pendulum | |

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Damped Oscillations | |

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Forced Oscillations | |

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Wave Motion | |

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Propagation of a Disturbance | |

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Sinusoidal Waves | |

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The Speed of Waves on Strings | |

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Reflection and Transmission | |

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Rate of Energy Transfer by Sinusoidal Waves on Strings | |

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The Linear Wave Equation | |

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Sound Waves | |

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Speed of Sound Waves | |

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Periodic Sound Waves | |

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Intensity of Periodic Sound Waves | |

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The Doppler Effect | |

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Digital Sound Recording | |

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Motion Picture Sound | |

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Superposition and Standing Waves | |

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Superposition and Interference | |

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Standing Waves | |

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Standing Waves in a String Fixed at Both Ends | |

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Resonance | |

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Standing Waves in Air Columns | |

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Standing Waves in Rods and Membranes | |

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Beats: Interference in Time | |

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Nonsinusoidal Wave Patterns | |

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Thermodynamics | |

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Temperature | |

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Temperature and the Zeroth Law of Thermodynamics | |

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Thermometers and the Celsius Temperature Scale | |

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The Constant-Volume Gas Thermometer and the Absolute Temperature Scale | |

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Thermal Expansion of Solids and Liquids | |

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Macroscopic Description of an Ideal Gas | |

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Heat and the First Law of Thermodynamics | |

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Heat and Internal Energy | |

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Specific Heat and Calorimetry | |

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Latent Heat | |

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Work and Heat in Thermodynamic Processes | |

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The First Law of Thermodynamics | |

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Some Applications of the First Law of Thermodynamics | |

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Energy Transfer Mechanisms | |

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The Kinetic Theory of Gases | |

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Molecular Model of an Ideal Gas | |

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Molar Specific Heat of an Ideal Gas | |

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Adiabatic Processes for an Ideal Gas | |

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The Equipartition of Energy | |

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The Boltzmann Distribution Law | |

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Distribution of Molecular Speeds | |

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Mean Free Path | |

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Heat Engines, Entropy, and the Second Law of Thermodynamics | |

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Heat Engines and the Second Law of Thermodynamics | |

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Heat Pumps and Refrigerators | |

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Reversible and Irreversible Processes | |

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The Carnot Engine | |

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Gasoline and Diesel Engines | |

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Entropy | |

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Entropy Changes in Irreversible Processes | |

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Entropy on a Microscopic Scale | |

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Electricity and Magnetism | |

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Electric Fields | |

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Properties of Electric Charges | |

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Charging Objects by Induction | |

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Coulomb's Law | |

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The Electric Field | |

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Electric Field of a Continuous Charge Distribution | |

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Electric Field Lines | |

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Motion of Charged Particles in a Uniform Electric Field | |

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Gauss's Law | |

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Electric Flux | |

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Gauss's Law | |

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Application of Gauss's Law to Various Charge Distributions | |

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Conductors in Electrostatic Equilibrium | |

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Formal Derivation of Gauss's Law | |

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Electric Potential | |

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Potential Difference and Electric Potential | |

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Potential Differences in a Uniform Electric Field | |

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Electric Potential and Potential Energy Due to Point Charges | |

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Obtaining the Value of the Electric Field from the Electric Potential | |

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Electric Potential Due to Continuous Charge Distributions | |

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Electric Potential Due to a Charged Conductor | |

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The Millikan Oil-Drop Experiment | |

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Applications of Electrostatics | |

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Capacitance and Dielectrics | |

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Definition of Capacitance | |

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Calculating Capacitance | |

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Combinations of Capacitors | |

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Energy Stored in a Charged Capacitor | |

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Capacitors with Dielectrics | |

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Electric Dipole in an Electric Field | |

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An Atomic Description of Dielectrics | |

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Current and Resistance | |

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Electric Current | |

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Resistance | |

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A Model for Electrical Conduction | |

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Resistance and Temperature | |

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Superconductors | |

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Electrical Power | |

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Direct Current Circuits | |

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Electromotive Force | |

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Resistors in Series and Parallel | |

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Kirchhoff's Rules | |

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RC Circuits | |

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Electrical Meters | |

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Household Wiring and Electrical Safety | |

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Magnetic Fields | |

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Magnetic Fields and Forces | |

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Magnetic Force Acting on a Current-Carrying Conductor | |

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Torque on a Current Loop in a Uniform Magnetic Field | |

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Motion of a Charged Particle in a Uniform Magnetic Field | |

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Applications Involving Charged Particles Moving in a Magnetic Field | |

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The Hall Effect | |

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Sources of the Magnetic Field | |

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The Biot-Savart Law | |

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The Magnetic Force Between Two Parallel Conductors | |

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Ampere's Law | |

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The Magnetic Field of a Solenoid | |

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Magnetic Flux | |

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Gauss's Law in Magnetism | |

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Displacement Current and the General Form of Ampere's Law | |

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Magnetism in Matter | |

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The Magnetic Field of the Earth | |

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Faraday's Law | |

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Faraday's Law of Induction | |

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Motional emf | |

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Lenz's Law | |

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Induced emf and Electric Fields | |

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Generators and Motors | |

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Eddy Currents | |

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Maxwell's Equations | |

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Inductance | |

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Self-Inductance | |

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RL Circuits | |

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Energy in a Magnetic Field | |

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Mutual Inductance | |

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Oscillations in an LC Circuit | |

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The RLC Circuit | |

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Alternating Current Circuits | |

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AC Sources | |

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Resistors in an AC Circuit | |

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Inductors in an AC Circuit | |

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Capacitors in an AC Circuit | |

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The RLC Series Circuit | |

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Power in an AC Circuit | |

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Resonance in a Series RLC Circuit | |

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The Transformer and Power Transmission | |

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Rectifiers and Filters | |

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Electromagnetic Waves | |

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Maxwell's Equations and Hertz's Discoveries | |

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Plane Electromagnetic Waves | |

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Energy Carried by Electromagnetic Waves | |

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Momentum and Radiation Pressure | |

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Production of Electromagnetic Waves by an Antenna | |

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The Spectrum of Electromagnetic Waves | |

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Light and Optics | |

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The Nature of Light and the Laws of Geometric Optics | |

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The Nature of Light | |

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Measurements of the Speed of Light | |

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The Ray Approximation in Geometric Optics | |

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Reflection | |

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Refraction | |

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Huygens's Principle | |

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Dispersion and Prisms | |

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Total Internal Reflection | |

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Fermat's Principle | |

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Image Formation | |

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Images Formed by Flat Mirrors | |

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Images Formed by Spherical Mirrors | |

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Images Formed by Refraction | |

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Thin Lenses | |

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Lens Aberrations | |

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The Camera | |

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The Eye | |

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The Simple Magnifier | |

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The Compound Microscope | |

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The Telescope | |

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Interference of Light Waves | |

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Conditions for Interference | |

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Young's Double-Slit Experiment | |

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Intensity Distribution of the Double-Slit Interference Pattern | |

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Phasor Addition of Waves | |

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Change of Phase Due to Reflection | |

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Interference in Thin Films | |

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The Michelson Interferometer | |

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Diffraction Patterns and Polarization | |

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Introduction to Diffraction Patterns | |

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Diffraction Patterns from Narrow Slits | |

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Resolution of Single-Slit and Circular Apertures | |

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The Diffraction Grating | |

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Diffraction of X-Rays by Crystals | |

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Polarization of Light Waves | |

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Modern Physics | |

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Relativity | |

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The Principle of Galilean Relativity | |

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The Michelson-Morley Experiment | |

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Einstein's Principle of Relativity | |

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Consequences of the Special Theory of Relativity | |

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The Lorentz Transformation Equations | |

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The Lorentz Velocity Transformation Equations | |

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Relativistic Linear Momentum and the Relativistic Form of Newton's Laws | |

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Relativistic Energy | |

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Mass and Energy | |

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The General Theory of Relativity | |

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Introduction to Quantum Physics | |

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Blackbody Radiation and Planck's Hypothesis | |

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The Photoelectric Effect | |

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The Compton Effect | |

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Photons and Electromagnetic Waves | |

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The Wave Properties of Particles | |

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The Quantum Particle | |

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The Double-Slit Experiment Revisited | |

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The Uncertainty Principle | |

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Quantum Mechanics | |

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An Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics | |

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A Particle in a Box | |

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The Particle Under Boundary Conditions | |

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The Schrodinger Equation | |

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A Particle in a Well of Finite Height | |

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Tunneling Through a Potential Energy Barrier | |

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The Scanning Tunneling Microscope | |

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The Simple Harmonic Oscillator | |

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Atomic Physics | |

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Atomic Spectra of Gases | |

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Early Models of the Atom | |

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Bohr's Model of the Hydrogen Atom | |

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The Quantum Model of the Hydrogen Atom | |

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The Wave Functions for Hydrogen | |

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Physical Interpretation of the Quantum Numbers | |

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The Exclusion Principle and the Periodic Table | |

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More on Atomic Spectra: Visible and X-Ray | |

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Spontaneous and Stimulated Transitions | |

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Lasers | |

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Molecules and Solids | |

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Molecular Bonds | |

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Energy States and Spectra of Molecules | |

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Bonding in Solids | |

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Free-Electron Theory of Metals | |

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Band Theory of Solids | |

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Electrical Conduction in Metals, Insulators, and Semiconductors | |

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Semiconductor Devices | |

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Superconductivity | |

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Nuclear Structure | |

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Some Properties of Nuclei | |

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Nuclear Binding Energy | |

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Nuclear Models | |

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Radioactivity | |

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The Decay Process | |

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Natural Radioactivity | |

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Nuclear Reactions | |

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Nuclear Magnetic Resonance and Magnetic Resonance Imaging | |

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Applications of Nuclear Physics | |

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Interactions Involving Neutrons | |

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Nuclear Fission | |

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Nuclear Reactors | |

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Nuclear Fusion | |

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Radiation Damage | |

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Radiation Detectors | |

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Uses of Radiation | |

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Particle Physics and Cosmology | |

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The Fundamental Forces in Nature | |

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Positrons and Other Antiparticles | |

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Mesons and the Beginning of Particle Physics | |

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Classification of Particles | |

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Conservation Laws | |

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Strange Particles and Strangeness | |

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Making Particles and Measuring Their Properties | |

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Finding Patterns in the Particles | |

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Quarks | |

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Multicolored Quarks | |

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The Standard Model | |

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The Cosmic Connection | |

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Problems and Perspectives | |

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Tables | |

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Conversion Factors | |

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Symbols, Dimensions, and Units of Physical Quantities | |

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Table of Atomic Masses | |

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Mathematics Review | |

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Scientific Notation | |

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Algebra | |

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Geometry | |

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Trigonometry | |

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Series Expansions | |

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Differential Calculus | |

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Integral Calculus | |

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Propagation of Uncertainty | |

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Periodic Table of the Elements | |

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SI Units | |

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Nobel Prizes | |

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Answers to Odd-Numbered Problems | |

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Index | |