Statistical Process Control for Health Care

ISBN-10: 053437865X
ISBN-13: 9780534378653
Edition: 2002
List price: $244.95
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Description: This book teaches and illustrates the use of SPC (Statistical Process Control) techniques for healthcare professionals. SPC techniques allow these professionals to properly extract information from healthcare data, make intelligent decisions based  More...

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Book details

List price: $244.95
Copyright year: 2002
Publisher: Brooks/Cole
Publication date: 9/27/2001
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 370
Size: 7.50" wide x 9.25" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 1.584
Language: English

This book teaches and illustrates the use of SPC (Statistical Process Control) techniques for healthcare professionals. SPC techniques allow these professionals to properly extract information from healthcare data, make intelligent decisions based on statistical data, and know if the data has been presented in an appropriate manner. Using a case study approach, the authors present the theory, computations (hand and computer), and application (case study) for each concept. In recent years, SPC has been proven effective in improving the quality of health care, just as it has in other service industries and in manufacturing.

Objectives and Preliminary Information
Objectives
Understanding Variation
Process Improvement
Judging Whether a State of Control May Be Inferred
Quality Improvement Tools
Tally Sheet
Pareto Chart
Cause-and-Effect Diagram
Flowchart
Run Chart, Histogram, Probability Plot, and Control Chart
Affinity Diagram
Other Quality Improvement Tools
Types of Data
Chapter Summary
Problems
Variables Data: Basics of Statistics and Graphs
Population versus Sample
Average
Measures of Variation: Range
Measures of Variation: Standard Deviation
The Normal Distribution
Near-Normal Distributions
Histogram
Probability Plot
Making the Probability Plot
Shape of the Distribution
Chapter Summary
Problems
Computer Supplement (Statit)
Computer Supplement (Minitab)
The Run Chart for Time-Ordered Variables Data
The Simplest SPC Chart: The Run Chart
Time-Ordered Analysis and Single-Stream Processes
Historical Analyses and Ongoing Process Monitoring: No Standard Given and Standard Given
Use of a Run Chart
The Interrupted Run Chart
Run Charts with Other Types of Data
Chapter Summary
Problems
Computer Supplement (Statit)
Computer Supplement (Minitab)
Control Chart Theory and the I Chart for Time-Ordered Data
Theory Applicable to All Control Charts
Variables Control Charts
"T-Sigma Limits" versus 3-sigma Limits
Use of the I Chart
The I Chart for Process Improvement
Process Improvement: Test for Results That May Suggest Nonrandom Influence
The I Chart to Judge Whether a State of Control May Be Inferred
Standard Given
The Interrupted I Chart
The I Chart with Other Types of Data
Chapter Summary
Problems
Computer Supplement (Statit)
Computer Supplement (Minitab)
Monitoring Blood Pressure Measurements for an Individual Patient
The Xbar and s Chart
The Xbar and s Chart with Time-Ordered Data
Calculations for the Xbar and s Chart: 3-Sigma Control Limits and Constant n
Tests for Nonrandom Influence
Standard Given
The Xbar and s Chart with Rational Subgroups
Tests for Lack of Control
How Not to Make Comparisons
Representations of Out-of-Control Conditions
Xbar and s Chart Comparanded to the Analysis of Variance
Chapter Summary
Problems
Computer Supplement (Statit)
Computer Supplement (Minitab)
Turnaround Times for CBCs
Process Capability
Introduction to Process Capability Estimates
Process Capability from a Straight-Line Probability Plot
Process Capability from a Smooth Curve Probability Plot
Population Distributions and Their Probability Plots
Decreasing Variability
Chapter Summary
Problems
Computer Supplement (Statit)
Computer Supplement (Minitab)
Surgery Time
Using Attribute Data: The c Chart and the u Chart
Using Attribute Data
The c Chart
The u Chart
Standard Given
Criteria for Evidence of Nonrandom Influence
Chapter Summary
Problems
Computer Supplement (Statit)
Computer Supplement (Minitab)
Decreasing Anesthesia Narcotics Discrepancies
Missing Medications: New Pathway Improvement
Patient Falls
Using Attribute Data: The p Chart
Attribute Data
The p Chart
Standard Given
Criteria for Evidence of Nonrandom Influence
p Chart Compared to Chi-Square Analysis
Chapter Summary
Problems
Computer Supplement (Statit)
Computer Supplement (Minitab)
C-Sections
Decreasing the Medication Error Rate
Acute Appendicitis: Ultrasound Predictive Errors
Acute Appendicitis: Perforation Rates by Surgeon
Transformations (An Advanced Topic)
The Need for Transformations
Rare Events
Chapter Summary
Problems
Surgery Times: Transformations
Decreasing the Nosocomial MRSA Infection Rate
Reducing Surgical Site Infections
Surgery Complications with New Cost Savings Pathway
Guidelines for Making Control Charts Useful
Choice of Control Chart
Miscellaneous Gems
Problems
Benchmarking Time to Extubation after CABG Surgery
Tests for Evidence of Special-Cause Variation
The Perils of Pooling
Mathematical Relations of the Variables Control Limit Formulas
Short Answers to Selected Problems
References

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