Meteorology for Scientists and Engineers A Technical Companion Book to C. Donald Ahrens' Meteorology Today

ISBN-10: 0534372147

ISBN-13: 9780534372149

Edition: 2nd 2000 (Revised)

Authors: Roland B. Stull

List price: $101.95 Buy it from $17.07
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Description:

The Second Edition of Roland Stull's METEOROLOGY FOR SCIENTISTS AND ENGINEERS lets professors quantify the concepts in Ahren's METEOROLOGY TODAY, SEVENTH EDITION like never before. This book can serve as a technical companion to Ahren's text or as a stand-alone text. It provides the mathematical equations needed for a higher level of understanding of meteorology. The organization is mapped directly to the Ahrens book, making Stull's text a perfect companion. More than a lab manual or workbook, this text contains detailed math and physics that expand upon concepts presented in Ahrens' text, as well as numerous solved problems. This text demonstrates how to use mathematical equations (algebra, geometry, trigonometry, and finite differential equations) to explain the dominant characteristics of certain atmospheric phenomena and processes.
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Book details

List price: $101.95
Edition: 2nd
Copyright year: 2000
Publisher: Brooks/Cole
Publication date: 12/30/1999
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 528
Size: 8.50" wide x 10.75" long x 1.25" tall
Weight: 2.486
Language: English

Susan Stryker is the coauthor of "Gay by the Bay", a historical look at gay life in San Francisco, as well as "Gay Pulp" and "Lesbian Pulp Address Books". She currently works as Executive Director of the Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, Transgender Historical Society in San Francisco.

The Atmosphere
Introduction
Meteorological Conventions
[On Doing Science: Descartes and the Scientific Method]
Thermodynamic State
Pressure
[Focus: e-Folding Distance]
Density
Temperature
[Focus: Escape Velocity]
Equation of State - Ideal Gas Law
Hydrostatic Equilibrium
[Beyond Algebra: Physical Interpretation of Equations]
Hypsometric Equation
[Beyond Algebra: Hypsometric Eq.]
Atmospheric Structure
Standard Atmosphere
Layers of the Atmosphere
Process Terminology
Summary
Threads
Exercises
Numerical Problems
Understanding and Critical Evaluation
Web-Enhanced Questions
Synthesis Questions
[Science Graffito]
Radiation
Orbital Factors
Planetary Orbits
[Focus: Satellite Orbits]
Orbit of the Earth
Seasonal Effects
Daily Effects
Sunrise, Sunset and Twilight
Flux
Radiation Principles
Propagation
Emission
[On Doing Science: Scientific Laws - The Myth]
[Science Graffito]
[On Doing Science: Seek Solutions]
[Beyond Algebra: Incremental Changes]
Distribution
Average Daily Insolation
Absorption, Reflection and Transmission
Beer's Law
Surface Radiation Budget
Solar
Longwave (IR)
Net Radiation
Summary
Threads
Exercises
Numerical Problems
Understanding and Critical Evaluation
Web-Enhanced Questions
Synthesis Questions
Heat
Sensible and Latent Heats
Sensible
Latent
Lagrangian Heat Budget - Part 1: Unsaturated
First Law of Thermodynamics
Lapse Rate
Adiabatic Lapse Rate
[Beyond Algebra: Adiabatic Lapse Rate]
Potential Temperature
Thermodynamic Diagrams - Part 1: Dry Adiabatic Processes
[Focus: Spreadsheet Thermodynamics]
Eulerian Heat Budget
First Law of Thermodynamics - Revisited
Advection
Conduction and Surface Fluxes
Turbulence
Radiation
Internal Source - Latent Heat
Net Heat Budget
Surface Heat Budget
Heat Budget
Bowen Ratio
Apparent Temperatures
Wind Chill
Heat Index
Summary
Threads
Exercises
Numerical Problems
Understanding and Critical Evaluation
Web-Enhanced Questions
Synthesis Questions
[Science Graffito]
Boundary Layers
Static Stability--A Preview
Explanation
Rules of Thumb for Stability in the ABL
Boundary-Layer Formation
Tropospheric Constraints
[Focus: Engineering Boundary Layers]
Synoptic Forcings
ABL Structure and Evolution
Temperature
Cumulative Heating or Cooling
Nighttime
Daytime
[Beyond Algebra: Cumulative Heating]
Temperature-Profile Evolution
Idealized Evolution
Seasonal Differences
Stable-Boundary-Layer Temperature
Mixed-Layer Temperature, Entrainment
Wind
Wind Profile Evolution
Drag, Stress, Friction Velocity, Roughness Length
Log Profile in the Neutral Surface Layer
Log-Linear Profile in the Stable Surface Layer
Profile in the Convective Radix Layer
Turbulence
Mean and Turbulent Parts
Variance and Standard Deviation
Isotropy
Turbulence Kinetic Energy
[Science Graffito]
Free and Forced Convection
Turbulent Fluxes and Covariances
Summary
Threads
Exercises
Numerical Problems
Understanding and Critical Evaluation
Web-Enhanced Questions
Synthesis Questions
Moisture
Saturation Vapor Pressure
Vapor Pressure
Saturation
[Beyond Algebra: Clausius-Clapeyron Eq.]
[Focus: Boiling]
Humidity Variables
Mixing Ratio
Specific Humidity
Absolute Humidity
Relative Humidity
Dew Point Temperature
Saturation Level or Lifting Condensation Level (LCL)
Wet-Bulb Temperature
More Relationships Between Moisture Variables
[Focus: Why so Many Moisture Variables?]
Total Water Mixing Ratio
Lagrangian Water Budget
Water Conservation
Thermo Diagrams - Part 2: Isohumes
Eulerian Water Budget
Horizontal Advection
Precipitation
Surface Moisture Flux
Turbulent Transport
[On Doing Science: Look for Patterns]
Lagrangian Heat Budget--Part 2: Saturated
Saturated Adiabatic Lapse Rate
Thermo Diagrams - Part 3: Saturated Adiabats
[Focus: Spreadsheet Thermodynamics 2]
Liquid-Water and Equivalent Potential Temps
Summary
Threads
Exercises
Numerical Problems
Understanding and Critical Evaluation
Web-Enhanced Questions
[Science Graffito]
Synthesis Questions
Stability
[Science Graffito]
Thermodynamic Diagrams - Part 4: Applications
[Full Thermo Diagram: T vs. log P]
[Full Thermo Diagram: [Theta] vs. z]
State
Dry (Unsaturated) Processes
Moist (Saturated) Processes and Liquid Water
Precipitation
Radiative Heating/Cooling
Parcels vs. Environment
Buoyancy
Static Stability
Unstable
Neutral
Stable
Thermo Diagrams for Boundary Layers
Mixed-Layer Depth Determination
[Boundary Layer Thermo Diagram: T vs. log P]
[Boundary Layer Thermo Diagram: [Theta] vs. z]
Brunt-Vaisala Frequency
[Beyond Algebra: Brunt-Vaisala Frequency]
Dynamic Stability
Richardson Number
[Focus: LeChatelier's Principle]
Turbulence Determination
Summary
Threads
Exercises
Numerical Problems
Understanding and Critical Evaluation
Web-Enhanced Questions
Synthesis Questions
Cloud Formation
Cloud Development
Active - Cumuliform
Passive - Stratiform
Stratocumulus
Cloud Sizes
Fractal Cloud Shapes
Fractal Dimension
Measuring Fractal Dimension
Processes Causing Saturation
Cooling and Moisturizing
Mixing
Clouds and Upslope Fog
Other Fogs
Processes
Advection Fog
[Beyond Algebra: Advection Fog]
Radiation Fog
Dissipation of Well-Mixed (Advection and Radiation) Fogs
[Science Graffito]
Summary
Threads
Exercises
Numerical Problems
Understanding and Critical Evaluation
Web-Enhanced Questions
Synthesis Questions
[On Doing Science: Cargo Cult Science]
Precipitation
[Focus: Meteors and Meteorology]
Nucleation of Liquid Droplets
Cloud Condensation Nuclei (CCN)
Curvature and Solute Effects
Critical Radius
[Beyond Algebra: Critical Radius]
Haze
Activated Nuclei
Nucleation of Ice Crystals
Processes
Nuclei
Droplet Growth by Diffusion
Max Droplet Radius via Diffusion
Growth Rate
Ice Growth by Diffusion
Ice Crystal Habits
Growth Rates
The Wegener-Bergeron-Findeisen (WBF) Process
Collision and Collection
Terminal Velocity of Droplets
Cloud Droplets
Rain Drops
Processes
Droplet Size Distributions
Precipitable Water
Rainfall Rate Estimated by Radar
[Science Graffito]
Summary
Threads
Exercises
Numerical Problems
Understanding and Critical Evaluation
Web-Enhanced Questions
Synthesis Questions
[On Doing Science: Consequences]
Dynamics
Newton's Second Law of Motion
Lagrangian Momentum Budget
[On Doing Science: Be Creative]
[Focus: In Newton's Own Words]
Eulerian Momentum Budget
[Science Graffito]
Forces
Advection
Pressure Gradient Force
Centrifugal Force
Coriolis Force
[Focus: Coriolis Force]
Turbulent Drag Force
Full Equations of Motion
Height Contours on Isobaric Surfaces
Winds
Geostrophic Wind
Gradient Wind
Boundary-Layer Wind
Boundary-Layer Gradient (BLG) Wind
Cyclostrophic Wind
Full Equations of Motion - Revisited
Mass Conservation
Continuity Equation
Incompressible Continuity Equation
Boundary-Layer Pumping
Summary
Threads
Exercises
Numerical Problems
Understanding and Critical Evaluation
Web-Enhanced Questions
Synthesis Questions
Local Winds
Scales of Motion
Wind-Speed Probability
Wind Turbines and Power Generation
Vertical Equation of Motion
Thermally Driven Circulations
Thermals
Anabatic Wind
Katabatic Wind
Streamlines, Streaklines, and Trajectories
Bernoulli's Equation
Dynamic vs. Static Pressure
Venturi Effect and Gap Winds
Downslope Winds - Bora and Foehn
[Science Graffito]
Hydraulic Jump
[On Doing Science: Simple is Best]
Mountain Waves
Natural Wavelength
Lenticular Clouds
Froude Number
Mountain-Wave Drag
Foehns (again) and Chinooks
Summary
Threads
Exercises
Numerical Problems
Understanding and Critical Evaluation
Web-Enhanced Questions
Synthesis Questions
Global Circulation
Nomenclature
Differential Heating
Meridional Temperature Gradient
[Beyond Algebra: Temperature Gradient]
Radiative Forcings
[On Doing Science: Toy Models]
Heat Transport Needed
Thermal Wind Relationship
Thickness
Thermal Wind
Jet Stream
Baroclinicity
Angular Momentum
Vorticity
Relative Vorticity
[Focus: Solid-Body Relative Vorticity]
Absolute Vorticity
Potential Vorticity
Isentropic Potential Vorticity
Midlatitude Troughs and Ridges
[Beyond Algebra: Vorticity of a Wave]
Barotropic Instability and Rossby Waves
[Beyond Algebra: The Beta Plane]
Baroclinic Instability and Planetary Waves
Qualitative Model
Quantitative Approach
[Focus: Rossby Radius of Deformation and Geostrophic Adjustment - Part 1]
Heat Transport
Momentum Transport
Three-Band General Circulation
Ekman Spiral in the Ocean
Summary
Threads
Exercises
Numerical Problems
Understanding and Critical Evaluation
Web-Enhanced Questions
Synthesis Questions
Air Masses and Fronts
Anticyclones or Highs
Characteristics
Vertical Structure
Air Masses
Creation
Warm Air Masses
Cold Air Masses
Modification
[Science Graffito]
Synoptic Weather Maps
Weather Observations
Map Analysis, Plotting and Isoplething
Surface Fronts
[Focus: The Bergen School of Meteorology]
Horizontal Structure
Warm Fronts
Cold Fronts
Vertical Structure
Geostrophic Adjustment - Part 2
[Beyond Algebra: Geostrophic Adjustment]
Frontogenesis
Kinematics
Confluence
Shear
Tilting
Thermodynamics
Dynamics
Occluded Fronts and Mid-Tropospheric Fronts
Upper-Tropospheric Fronts
Dry Lines
Summary
Threads
Exercises
Numerical Problems
Understanding and Critical Evaluation
Web-Enhanced Questions
Synthesis Questions
Cyclones
Case Study of a Cyclone over North America
Overview and Storm Track
Storm Data
Cyclogenesis
Lee Cyclogenesis
Stationary Planetary Waves
Conservation of Potential Vorticity
Equatorward Propagation Along the Lee Side
[Focus: Maximum Advection on WX Maps]
Cyclone Spin-Up
Vorticity Tendency
Quasi-Geostrophic Approximation
Application to Idealized Weather Patterns
Upward Motion
Continuity Effects
Jet-Stream Curvature
Jet Streaks
Omega Equation
Sea-level Pressure Tendency
Mass Budget
Diabatic Heating
Net Pressure Tendency
Self Development of Cyclones
Condensation
Temperature Advection
[Science Graffito and On Doing Science]
Iso-surfaces and Their Utility
Height
Pressure
Thickness
Potential Temperature
Potential Vorticity (PVU)
Case Study of a Cyclone (continued)
Surface Charts
Isobaric Charts at 85, 70, 50, and 25 kPa
Vertical Cross Section
100 - 50 kPa Thickness Chart
Summary
Threads
[Beyond Algebra: The Omega Equation]
Exercises
Numerical Problems
Understanding and Critical Evaluation
Web-Enhanced Questions
Synthesis Questions
Numerical Weather Prediction
Solutions to Atmospheric Equations
Approximate Solutions
Parameterizations and Models
[Focus: History of NWP]
[On Doing Science: Mathematics]
Grid Points
Finite-Difference Equations
Numerical Stability
The Numerical-Forecast Process
Balanced Mass and Flow Fields
Data Assimilation and Analysis
[Focus: The Pacific Data Void]
Forecasts
[Focus: Electricity and Operational Reliability]
Case Study: 22 - 25 Feb 1994 - N. America
Post-processing
Forecast Refinement
Forecast Quality
Accuracy vs. Skill
Verification Scores
Nonlinear Dynamics and Chaos
Predictability
Lorenz Strange Attractor
[Science Graffito]
Ensemble Forecasts
[On Doing Science: Scientific Revolutions]
Useful Indicators on Weather Maps Produced By NWP
Elements of a Good Weather Briefing
Summary
Threads
[Science Graffito]
Exercises
Numerical Problems
Understanding and Critical Evaluation
Web-Enhanced Questions
Synthesis Questions
[Science Graffiti]
[Science Graffito]
Thunderstorms
Convective Conditions
Conditional Instability
Trigger Mechanisms
CAPE
Severe-Thunderstorm Environment
Downbursts and Gust Fronts
Precipitation Drag
Evaporative Cooling
Gust Fronts
[Focus: Downbursts and Flight Operations]
Lightning and Thunder
Lightning
Thunder
Tornadoes
Origin of Rotation
Mesocyclones and Helicity
Tornadoes and Swirl Ratio
Core Pressure Deficit
Tornado Intensity Scales
Doppler Radar
Summary
Threads
[Science Graffito]
Exercises
Numerical Problems
Understanding and Critical Evaluation
Web-Enhanced Questions
Synthesis Questions
Hurricanes
Dynamics
Initial Spin Up
Subsequent Development
Thermodynamics
Warm Core
[Beyond Algebra: Pressure Reversal]
[Focus: Warm vs. Cold Core Cyclones]
[Beyond Algebra: Warm Core Winds]
Carnot Cycle
[Focus: The Power of Hurricanes]
A Hurricane Model
Pressure Distribution
Tangential Velocity
[Focus: Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale]
Radial Velocity
Vertical Velocity
Temperature
[Science Graffito]
Composite Picture
Storm Surge
Atmospheric Pressure Head
Ekman Transport
Kelvin Wave
Surface Wind-Waves
[Focus: Beaufort Wind Scale]
Summary
Threads
Exercises
Numerical Problems
Understanding and Critical Evaluation
Web-Enhanced Questions
Synthesis Questions
[Science Graffito]
Air Pollution Dispersion
Dispersion Factors
Air Quality Standards
Turbulence Statistics
Review of Basic Definitions
Isotropy (again)
Pasquill-Gifford (PG) Turbulence Types
[Science Graffito]
Dispersion Statistics
Snapshot vs. Average
Center of Mass
Standard Deviation--Sigma
Gaussian Curve
Nominal Plume Edge
Taylor's Statistical Theory
Passive Conservative Tracers
Dispersion Equation
Dispersion Near and Far from the Source
Dispersion in Neutral and Stable Boundary Layers
Plume Rise
Neutral Boundary Layers
[Science Graffito]
Stable Boundary Layers
Gaussian Concentration Distribution
[Beyond Algebra: Diffusion Equation]
Dispersion in Unstable Boundary Layers
Relevant Variables
Physical Variables
Mixed Layer Scaling Variables
Dimensionless Scales
Plume Centerline
Crosswind Integrated Concentration
Concentration
[On Doing Science: The Citizen Scientist]
[Science Graffito]
Summary
Threads
Exercises
Numerical Problems
Understanding and Critical Evaluation
Web-Enhanced Questions
Synthesis Questions
Climate Change
[Science Graffito]
Radiative Equilibrium
Greenhouse Effect
Atmospheric Window
Water Vapor and Cloud Feedbacks
Cloudless Atmosphere
Cloudy Atmosphere
Ice-Albedo-Temperature Feedback
Daisyworld
Physics
Equilibrium and Homeostasis
GCMs
Sensitivity
Definition
Magnitudes
Usage
Summary
Threads
[On Doing Science: Ethics and Data Abuse]
Exercises
Numerical Problems
Understanding and Critical Evaluation
Web-Enhanced Questions
Synthesis Questions
Optics
Ray Geometry
Reflection
Refraction
[Focus: Newton and Colors]
Huygens' Principle
Critical Angle
Liquid Drop Optics
Reflection from Water
Primary Rainbow
Secondary Rainbow
Alexander's Dark Band
[Focus: Rainbows and the Renaissance]
Ice-Crystal Optics
Sun Pillar
Parhelic Circle
Subsun
22[degree] Halo
46[degree] Halo
[Science Graffito]
Circumzenith Arc
Sun Dogs
[Science Graffito]
Subsun Dogs
Upper Tangent Arcs
Scattering
Rayleigh Scattering
[On Doing Science: Great Scientists Make Big Mistakes]
Polarization
Geometric Scattering
Mie Scattering
Diffraction
Mirages
Summary
Threads
[Science Graffito]
Exercises
Numerical Problems
Understanding and Critical Evaluation
Web-Enhanced Questions
Synthesis Questions
Fundamentals of Science
Dimensions and Units
Definitions
[Science Graffito]
Unit Conversion
Functions and Finite Difference
[Beyond Algebra: Calculus]
Relationships and Graphs
Linear
Logarithmic
Power
On Doing Science
[On Doing Science: Have Passion]
Summary
Threads
Exercises
Numerical Problems
Understanding and Critical Evaluation
Web-Enhanced Questions
Synthesis Questions
Constants and Conversion Factors
Universal Constants
Earth Characteristics
Air and Water Characteristics
Conversion Factors and Combined Parameters
Other Information
Notation
Roman Symbols, Acronyms and Contractions
Greek Symbols
Operators
Superscripts
Subscripts
Special Symbols
Additional Reading Material
The Atmosphere
Radiation, Thermodynamics and Moisture
Cloud and Satellite Pictures
Cloud and Storm Processes
Dynamics of Atmospheres and Oceans
Boundary-Layers and Air Pollution
Synoptics
Numerical Weather Prediction and Chaos
Hurricanes
Climate Change
Optics
Answers to Selected Exercises
Syllabus
The Student Mix
Tests and Grading
Textbooks and Homework
Lectures and Weekly Schedule
Chapter Correspondences
Ahrens' Essentials
Ahrens' Meteorology Today
Holton's Dynamic Meteorology
Wallace and Hobbs' Atmospheric Science
Turbulence Closure
Turbulence Closure Types
[On Doing Science: Parameterization Rules]
K-Theory
Transilient Turbulence Theory
Nonlocal Closure
Concept
Mathematical Framework
[Beyond Algebra: Matrices]
Nonlocal Flux
[Science Graffito]
Summary
Threads
Exercises
Numerical Problems
Understanding and Critical Evaluation
Web-Enhanced Questions
Synthesis Questions
Index
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