Mental Retardation A Community Integration Approach

ISBN-10: 0534339239
ISBN-13: 9780534339234
Edition: 2002
Authors: Lynda L. Crane
List price: $256.95 Buy it from $2.49
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Description: Using the goal of community integration as a coherent, unifying conceptual focus, this book presents the applied research and information that students can use as they work with the mentally retarded. Additionally, this is a book with "heart," built  More...

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Book details

List price: $256.95
Copyright year: 2002
Publisher: Wadsworth
Publication date: 8/29/2001
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 512
Size: 7.75" wide x 9.75" long x 1.00" tall
Weight: 2.310
Language: English

Using the goal of community integration as a coherent, unifying conceptual focus, this book presents the applied research and information that students can use as they work with the mentally retarded. Additionally, this is a book with "heart," built on the premise that the coverage is not designed simply to appeal to students' intellect, but to their emotional and relational experience, as well.

Preface
About the Author
Understanding Mental Retardation
Building a Framework: Community Integration and Interdisciplinary Systems
Community Integration
Conceptual Framework for this Text
A Systems Perspective
Theoretical Influences on Understanding Mental Retardation
Theories of Genetic Maturation: Developmental Milestones
Learning Theories
Theory of Multiple Intelligences
Stage Theories
Delay and Difference Theories
Dialectical Learning
Ecological Systems Theory
Origins: Historical and Cultural
Mental Retardation: A Cultural Invention
Historical and Cultural Influences
First Educational Efforts
Institutionalization in the United States: The Beginnings
Involuntary Sterilization
Mental Testing
Social Control and "Cleansing"
Political and Economic Influences
Lobbying and Voter Support
Cyclical Change
Definition, Classification, and Prevalence
Introducing Joyce, Susan, and Jason
Labeling
Incidence and Prevalence
Definitional Issues
Early Definitions and Changes
Newer Definitions
Understanding the 1992 Definition
The Debate Over Adaptive Behavior
Classification and Levels of Functioning
Applying the Definition to Joyce, Susan, and Jason
Assessment of Mental Retardation
Interdisciplinary Approach
Medical Assessment
Intellectual Assessment
Assessment of Adaptive Behavior
Educational Assessment
Speech and Language Assessment
Occupational Therapy Assessment
Developing the Individualized Education Program
Assessment for Joyce, Susan, and Jason
Characteristics of Mental Retardation
Basic Issues in Understanding Characteristics
Physical and Mental Health
Motivational Characteristics
Learning and Generalization
Attention
Memory
Language Abilities
Distinction Between Overall Mild and Severe Characteristics
Etiology And Prevention: The Community Challenge
Genetic and Infectious Influences and Prevention
Genetic Transmission
Examples of Genetically Transmitted Conditions
Common Chromosomal Conditions
Genetic Counseling and Prenatal Testing
The Future of Genetic Research
Biological and Psychosocial Influences and Prevention
Some Psychosocial Influences
Cultural Implications and Public Policy
Related Developmental Disabilities
Autism
Cerebral Palsy
Seizure Disorders
Behavior Disorders
Learning Within The Community: Developing Skills And Abilities
Early Intervention
Rationale for Early Intervention
Functions of Early Intervention
Eligibility for Early Intervention
Some Types of Early Intervention Programs
Effectiveness of Early Intervention
Program Evaluation
The Role of Values in Designing Interventions
Research and Policy Collaboration
Challenges in Implementation
Program Content
Early Intervention--Jason's Experience
Behavioral and Cognitive Intervention
Basic Principles of Applied Behavior Analysis
Collecting Observational Data
Finding the Right Reinforcer
Reinforcing Multistep Tasks
More Techniques for Problem Behaviors
Extinction
Strategies of Differential Reinforcement
Variables that Influence the Effectiveness of Reinforcement
Punishment
Objections and Alternatives to Aversive Stimuli
Gentle Teaching
Cognitive Techniques
The Importance of Motivational Characteristics
Educational Issues
School Placement Options
Steps Toward Successful Inclusion
Instructional Methods for Meeting the Needs of Diverse Populations
Transition
Self-Determination
Career Education
Community Life: Roles, Rights, And Responsibilities
Family
Who Are Families?
Adjustment
Decisions for Adoption or Out-of-Home Placement
Unique Reactions of Fathers
Siblings
Families Speak for Themselves
Informal and Formal Supports
Communication
Family Empowerment
Adult Living and Work
Residential Options
Community Integration and Deinstitutionalization
Community Living
Factors in Successful Community Adjustment
Work
Training and Support
Issues in Aging
Social Life and Recreation
Developing Friendships
Sexuality and Sex Education
Marriage and Parenting
Vision, Progress, and Advocacy
Voices in Discourse
Progress and Remaining Challenges
Changes in Professional Preparation
Additional Considerations
Attitudes and Community Integration
Glossary
Index

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