Mass and Heat Transfer Analysis of Mass Contactors and Heat Exchangers

ISBN-10: 0521886708
ISBN-13: 9780521886703
Edition: 2008
List price: $150.00 Buy it from $20.27
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Description: This text allows instructors to teach a course on heat and mass transfer that will equip students with the pragmatic, applied skills required by the modern chemical industry. This new approach is a combined presentation of heat and mass transfer,  More...

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Book details

List price: $150.00
Copyright year: 2008
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Publication date: 2/11/2008
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 404
Size: 7.00" wide x 10.25" long x 1.00" tall
Weight: 1.914

This text allows instructors to teach a course on heat and mass transfer that will equip students with the pragmatic, applied skills required by the modern chemical industry. This new approach is a combined presentation of heat and mass transfer, maintaining mathematical rigor while keeping mathematical analysis to a minimum. This allows students to develop a strong conceptual understanding, and teaches them how to become proficient in engineering analysis of mass contactors and heat exchangers and the transport theory used as a basis for determining how the critical coefficients depend upon physical properties and fluid motions. Students will first study the engineering analysis and design of equipment important in experiments and for the processing of material at the commercial scale. The second part of the book presents the fundamentals of transport phenomena relevant to these applications. A complete teaching package includes a comprehensive instructor's guide, exercises, design case studies, and project assignments.

T. W. Fraser Russell is the Allan P. Colburn Professor of Chemical Engineering at the University of Delaware. Professor Russell is a member of the National Academy of Engineering and a Fellow of the American Institute of Chemical Engineering (AIChE). He has been the recipient of several national honors including the AIChE Chemical Engineering Practice Award.

Anne Skaja Robinson is Professor and Associate Chair for Biochemical Engineering in the Department of Chemical Engineering at the University of Delaware in Newark, Delaware, USA. She obtained her Bachelor#8242;s and Master#8242;s degrees from The Johns Hopkins University, and her Ph.D. from the University of Illinois. Prior to joining the faculty at Delaware in 1997, she was a postdoctoral fellow in the Department of Biology at MIT. She is a widely acknowledged leader in the field of protein production, and has authored over 50 scientific publications. Also, she is the recipient of numerous awards, including NSF#8242;s PECASE/Career award, and the DuPont Young Professor award. She is a member of the Editorial Boards of Biotechnology and Bioengineering, and Biotechnology Journal, and the former Chair of the American Chemical Society BIOT division.

Norman J. Wagner is a named Professor at the Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering at the University of Delaware. He has received several awards for his research developments, has co-authored over 180 scientific publications and patents, and is on the editorial boards of five international journals.

Preface
To the Student
Acknowledgments
Instructors' and Readers' Guide
Introduction
References
Chemical Reactor Analysis
The Batch Reactor
Chemical Equilibrium
Reaction Rate and Determination by Experiment
Rate Expression
Approach to Equilibrium
Tank-Type Reactors
Batch Reactors
Semibatch Reactors
Continuous Flow
Tubular Reactors
Reactor Energy Balance
References
Problems
Heat Exchanger Analysis
Batch Heat Exchangers
Level I Analysis
Level II Thermal Equilibrium
Rate of Heat Transfer and Determination by Experiment
Rate Expression
Approach to Equilibrium
Tank-Type Heat Exchangers
Batch Heat Exchanger
Semibatch Heat Exchanger
Mixed-Mixed Fluid Motions
Mixed-Plug Fluid Motions
Continuous-Flow Tank-Type Heat Exchangers
Mixed-Mixed Fluid Motions
Mixed-Plug Fluid Motions
Tubular Heat Exchangers
Cocurrent Flow
Countercurrent Flow-Double-Pipe Heat Exchanger
Technically Feasible Heat Exchanger Design
Design Procedure
References
Problems
Energy Balance
Mass Contactor Analysis
Batch Mass Contactors
Level I Analysis
Level II Analysis, Phase Equilibrium
Rate of Mass Transfer and Determination by Experiment
Rate Expression
Approach to Equilibrium
Tank-Type Two-Phase Mass Contactors
Batch Mass Contactors
Semibatch Mass Contactors
Mixed-Mixed Fluid Motions
Mixed-Plug Fluid Motions
Continuous-Flow Two-Phase Mass Contactors
Mixed-Mixed Fluid Motions
Design of a Continuous Mixed-Mixed Mass Contactor
Mixed-Plug Fluid Motions
Tubular Two-Phase Mass Contactors
Cocurrent Flow
Countercurrent Flow
Gas-Liquid Countercurrent Contactors
Continuous-Flow Mass Contactor Design Summary
References
Problems
"Log-Mean" Concentration Difference
Equivalence Between Heat and Mass Transfer Model Equations
Nomenclature for Part I
Conduction and Diffusion
Rate of Thermal Conduction
Experimental Determination of Thermal Conductivity k and Verification of Fourier's Constitutive Equation
Definition of the Biot Number for Heat Transfer
Definition of the Nusselt Number
Rate of Molecular Diffusion
Experimental Determination of Binary Diffusivities D[subscript AB] and Verification of Fick's Constitutive Equation
Definition of the Biot Number for Mass Transfer
Definition of the Sherwood Number
Geometric Effects on Steady Heat Conduction and Diffusion in Solids and Quiescent Fluids
One-Dimensional Heat Conduction in Nonplanar Geometries
One-Dimensional Diffusion in a Conical Geometry
Conduction and Diffusion Through Composite Layered Materials in Series
Overall Heat Transfer Coefficient for Composite Walls: Resistance Formulation
Overall Heat Transfer Coefficient for a Tubular Exchanger
Overall Mass Transfer Coefficient for Diffusion Through a Composite Wall
Molecular Conduction and Diffusion with Generation
Radial Heat Conduction with Generation
Diffusion with Chemical Reaction
Diffusion-Induced Convection: The Arnold Cell
Basics of Membrane Diffusion: The Sorption-Diffusion Model
Transient Conduction and Diffusion
Short-Time Penetration Solution
Small Biot Numbers-Lumped Analysis
Nomenclature
Important Dimensionless Groups
References
Problems
Convective Heat and Mass Transfer
The Differential Transport Equations for Fluids with Constant Physical Properties in a Laminar Boundary Layer
Mass Conservation-Continuity Equation
Momentum Transport-Navier-Stokes Equation
Energy Conservation
Species Mass Conservation
Boundary-Layer Analysis and Transport Analogies
Laminar Boundary Layer
Reynolds Transport Analogy
Effects of Material Properties: The Chilton-Colburn Analogy
Turbulent Boundary Layers
Transport Correlations for Specific Geometries
Models for Estimating Transport Coefficients in Fluid-Fluid Systems
Film Theory
Penetration Theory
Surface Renewal Theory
Interphase Mass Transfer
Summary of Convective Transport Coefficient Estimations
Heat Exchangers
Mass Contactors
Nomenclature
References
Problems
Derivation of the Transport Equations
Vector Notation
Estimation of the Mass Transfer Coefficient and Interfacial Area in Fluid-Fluid Mass Contactors
Estimation of Bubble and Drop Size
Tank-Type Mass Contactors
Mixed-Mixed Interfacial Area Estimation
Mixed-Mixed K[subscript m] Estimation
Mixed-Plug Area Estimation
Mixed-Plug K[subscript m] Estimation
Tubular Contactors
Cocurrent Area Estimation
Cocurrent K[subscript m] Estimation
Countercurrent Area Estimation
Countercurrent K[subscript m] Estimation
Nomenclature
References
Problems
Bubble and Drop Breakage
Technically Feasible Design Case Studies
Technically Feasible Design of a Heat Exchanger
Technically Feasible Design of a Countercurrent Mass Contactor
Analysis of a Pilot-Scale Bioreactor
Nomenclature
References
Problems
Index

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