States, Nations, and the Great Powers The Sources of Regional War and Peace

ISBN-10: 0521691613
ISBN-13: 9780521691611
Edition: 2007
Authors: Benjamin Miller
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Description: Why are some regions prone to war while others remain at peace? What conditions cause regions to move from peace to war and vice versa? This book offers a novel theoretical explanation for the differences in levels of and transitions between war and  More...

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Book details

List price: $57.00
Copyright year: 2007
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Publication date: 8/30/2007
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 526
Size: 6.00" wide x 8.25" long x 1.25" tall
Weight: 1.848
Language: English

Why are some regions prone to war while others remain at peace? What conditions cause regions to move from peace to war and vice versa? This book offers a novel theoretical explanation for the differences in levels of and transitions between war and peace. The author distinguishes between "hot" and "cold" outcomes, depending on intensity of the war or the peace, and then uses three key concepts (state, nation, and the international system) to argue that it is the specific balance between states and nations in different regions that determines the hot or warm outcomes: the lower the balance, the higher the war-propensity of the region, while the higher the balance, the warmer the peace. The international systematic factors, for their part, affect only the cold outcomes of cold war and cold peace. The theory of regional war and peace developed in this book is examined through case-studies of the post-1945 Middle East, the Balkans and South America in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, and post-1945 Western Europe. It uses comparative data from all regions and concludes by proposing ideas on how to promote peace in war-torn regions.

List of figures
List of tables
Preface and acknowledgments
Why some regions are peaceful and others are not
Why there is a need for a new theory of regional war and peace: filling the gaps in the existing literature
9/11, the post-Cold War era, and regional conflicts
Theory of regional war and peace: an overview
My theoretical approach
The key ideas and the existing literature
Overview of the book
A theory of regional war and peace
The phenomena to be explained
Competing theoretical perspectives: system, society, and community at two levels of analysis
Explaining regional war and peace
Summary
States, nations, and war
The argument
State-to-nation imbalance [right arrow] hot wars
Forces affecting the state-to-nation balance
Types of states and their war proneness
Linkages between revisionism and failed states
The state-to-nation imbalance and regional war proneness
Propositions derived from the state-to-nation imbalance as a key cause of regional war
The state-to-nation imbalance and the immediate causes of regional wars
Conclusions
Explaining the war proneness of the Middle East
The Middle East puzzle
Application of the theory to the Middle East in the post-World War II era
The sources and manifestations of the state-to-nation imbalance in the Middle East
Explaining variations among different states in the same region with regard to resort to force and war involvement
Explaining spatial differences: the high war proneness of the Arab-Israeli arena
The effects of the state-to-nation imbalance on the regional war proneness: power and security as the proximate causes of specific Middle East wars
Explaining change over time
Conclusions
The great powers and war and peace in the Middle East
Global factors: types of great power regional involvement
The Middle East during the Cold War period
US hegemony in the Middle East results in a transition to Arab-Israeli cold peace
The effects of 9/11 and the war in Iraq
Conclusions: systemic effects - possibilities and limitations
War and peace in the Balkans: states, nations, and great powers
Assessing the theory in the Balkans (1830-1913)
The effects of the type of great power engagement on regional outcomes in the post-World War I era
Conclusions
The state-to-nation balance and the emergence of peace in South America during the twentieth century
Potential pathways to regional peace
The strategy of regional conflict resolution
The strategy of conflict resolution leads to normal peace
The conditions for the effectiveness of the conflict-resolution strategy: the presence of coherent states in the region
Explaining the emergence of peace in South America
The necessary conditions: consolidation of nationally congruent states
Conclusions
The emergence of high-level peace in post-1945 Western Europe: nationalism, democracy, hegemony, and regional integration
The effects of regional integration
The conditions for the effectiveness of the integration strategy: the prevalence of liberal compatibility
The interrelationships between liberalism and nationalism
New liberal states under benign hegemony/concert
Post-1945 Western Europe: transition from war to high-level warm peace
The integration strategy's effects: the postnational state and high-level warm peace
The conditions for the strategy's effectiveness: liberalization under US hegemony
Conclusions
Conclusions
Summary of the theory and findings
Some of the findings with regard to the six propositions listed at the end of chapter 2
Utility of the theory
How to advance regional peace: lessons and suggestions
Strong and incongruent states: defeat of the revisionists and the coercive approach
Incongruent and weak states: great power intervention followed by partition or power-sharing
Congruent and weak: state-building leading to regional conflict resolution
Congruent and strong: integration of democracies
Sequencing the stages in regional peacemaking: an integrated-gradual approach
Regional peacemaking: summary
Agenda for future research
Comparative dimensions of the state-to-nation imbalance in the Middle East, the Balkans, South America, and Western Europe in the post-1945 era
Data-file: major armed conflicts/wars by region, type, and modes of great power regional involvement (1945-2004)
Bibliography
Index

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