Logic of Violence in Civil War

ISBN-10: 0521670047
ISBN-13: 9780521670043
Edition: 2006
List price: $34.99 Buy it from $31.34
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Description: By analytically decoupling war and violence, this book explores the causes and dynamics of violence in civil war. Against the prevailing view that such violence is an instance of impenetrable madness, the book demonstrates that there is logic to it  More...

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Book details

List price: $34.99
Copyright year: 2006
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Publication date: 5/1/2006
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 508
Size: 6.00" wide x 9.00" long x 1.25" tall
Weight: 1.826
Language: English

By analytically decoupling war and violence, this book explores the causes and dynamics of violence in civil war. Against the prevailing view that such violence is an instance of impenetrable madness, the book demonstrates that there is logic to it and that it has much less to do with collective emotions, ideologies, and cultures than currently believed. Kalyvas specifies a novel theory of selective violence: it is jointly produced by political actors seeking information and individual civilians trying to avoid the worst but also grabbing what opportunities their predicament affords them. Violence, he finds, is never a simple reflection of the optimal strategy of its users; its profoundly interactive character defeats simple maximization logics while producing surprising outcomes, such as relative nonviolence in the 'frontlines' of civil war.

Stathis N. Kalyvas is Arnold Wolfers Professor of Political Science at Yale University, where he directs the Program on Order, Conflict, and Violence. He is the author of The Logic of Violence in Civil War (2006) and The Rise of Christian Democracy in Europe (1996).

List of Tables and Figures
Acknowledgments
List of Abbreviations
Introduction
Four Puzzles
Goals
Road Map
A Note on the History of the Project
Concepts
Civil War
Violence
Scope Conditions
Conclusion
Pathologies
Madness and "Bloodless Convention"
Partisan Bias
Political Bias
Urban Bias
Selection Bias
Overaggregation Bias and Data Problems
Conclusion
Barbarism
Barbarism and Civil War
Breakdown
Transgression
Polarization
The Technology of Warfare
Assessment
Conclusion
A Theory of Irregular War I: Collaboration
Sovereignty in Civil War
The Identification Problem
Support
Forms of Collaboration and Defection
The Institutional Setting of Collaboration
Conclusion
A Theory of Irregular War II: Control
The Allocation of Collaboration
Survival
How Control Shapes Collaboration
Causal Paths from Control to Collaboration
The Distribution of Control
Constraints on Military Options
Violence and Discrimination
Conclusion
A Logic of Indiscriminate Violence
The Incidence of Indiscriminate Violence
Information and Indiscriminate Violence
Deterrence and Indiscriminate Violence
Counterproductive Effects of Indiscriminate Violence
Why Does Indiscriminate Violence Occur?
Accounting for the Puzzle
Conclusion
A Theory of Selective Violence
Information
Denunciation
Denunciation in Ethnic Civil Wars
Is Selective Violence Possible?
A Political Economy of Denunciation
A Model of Selective Violence in Civil War
Caveats
Conclusion
Empirics I: Comparative Evidence
Measuring Control
How Control Shifts
Full Control (Zones I and 5)
No Control (Zones I and 5)
Contestation (Zones 2, 3, and 4)
Conclusion
Empirics II: Microcomparative Evidence
Research Design
The Greek Civil War
The Argolid: Political, Social, and Economic Background
The Civil War in the Argolid
After the End of the Occupation
Violence: Descriptive Statistics
Control: Descriptive Statistics
Quantitative Evidence
Qualitative Evidence
Return to Manesi and Gerbesi
Mispredictions
A Replication: Almopia
Out-of-Sample Tests in Greece
Conclusion
Intimacy
Intimate Violence
Why Denounce? A Sociology of Denunciation
The Range of Malicious Denunciation
The Dark Face of Social Capital: The Social Basis of Malicious Denunciation
Varying the Institutional Setting of Denunciation
Conclusion
Cleavage and Agency
Center and Periphery
Kto kovo? The Locus of Agency
Alliance
Conclusion
Conclusion
Data Sources
Coding Protocols
Timeline of Conflicts
References
Index

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