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Language Typologyand Syntactic Description

ISBN-10: 0521318998
ISBN-13: 9780521318990
Edition: 1985
Authors: Timothy Shopen
List price: $62.99
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Description: The three volumes of Language typology and syntactic description offer a unique survey of syntactic and morphological structure in the languages of the world. Topics covered include parts of speech; passives; complementation; relative clauses;  More...

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Book details

List price: $62.99
Copyright year: 1985
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Publication date: 7/25/1985
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 437
Size: 6.00" wide x 9.25" long x 1.00" tall
Weight: 1.188
Language: English

The three volumes of Language typology and syntactic description offer a unique survey of syntactic and morphological structure in the languages of the world. Topics covered include parts of speech; passives; complementation; relative clauses; adverbial clauses; inflectional morphology; tense; aspect and mood; and deixis. The major ways these notions are realized u=in the languages of the world are explored, and the contributors provide brief sketches of relevant aspects of representative languages. Each volume is written in an accessible style with new concepts explained and exemplified as they are introduced. Although each volume can be read independently, together they provide a major work of reference that will serve as a manual for field workers and anyone interested in cross-linguistic generalizations.

List of figures
List of tables
List of contributors
Acknowledgements
List of abbreviations and symbols
Parts-of-speech systems
Introduction
Open classes
Nouns
Verbs
Adjectives
Adverbs
Closed classes
Pronouns and other pro-forms
Noun adjuncts
Verb adjuncts
Conjunctions
Other closed classes
Suggestions for further reading
Word order
Introduction
Some basic word order correlations
Verb-final languages
Verb-initial languages
svo languages
Object-initial languages
Interim summary
Conclusion
Identifying basic word order
Identifying constructions cross-linguistically
Identifying the order of subject, object, and verb
Identifying subjects
The order of subject, object, and verb
Lexical noun phrases versus pronouns
Identification of manner adverbs
Identification of prepositions and postpositions
Adpositions versus case affixes
Case affixes versus adpositional clitics
Adpositions and relational nouns
Languages without adpositions
Identification of genitives
Alienable versus inalienable possession
Lexical genitives versus possessive pronouns
Exceptions to word order generalizations
Other word order characteristics that correlate with the order of object and verb directionally
Verb and adpositional phrases
Verb and non-argument noun phrases
Main verb and auxiliary verb
Copula verb and predicate
Question particles
Complementizer and clause
Article and noun
Subordinate and main clause
Word order characteristics that correlate with the order of object and verb unidirectionally
Noun and relative clause
Plural word and noun
Intermediate unidirectional and bidirectional cases
Subordinator and clause
Complementizer and clause
Word order characteristics that do not correlate with the order of object and verb
Adjective and noun
The absence of a correlation with the order of object and verb
Identifying adjectives
Demonstrative and noun
Numeral and noun
Negative particle and verb
Tense-aspect particle and verb
Degree word and adjective
Other typological characteristics correlating with the order of object and verb
Position of interrogative expressions in content questions
Affix position
The use of case in distinguishing transitive arguments
Other sorts of implicational generalizations
Order among elements at the same level
Languages with flexible word order
Typological versus language-particular description of word order
Examples of summaries of word order properties
Siyin Chin
Batad Ifugao
Summary
Suggestions for further reading
The major functions of the noun phrase
Introduction
Preliminaries
Semantic roles
Agent and patient
Other semantic roles
Coding strategies
Order and arrangement
NP-marking
Cross-referencing
Pragmatic functions
Topics and topic-comment articulation
Focus-presupposition articulation
Thetic articulation
Overview of grammatical functions
Types of grammatical function
External functions
Oblique functions
Obliques (PPS) in English
Obliques in Warlpiri
Core grammatical functions
Subjects
A concept of subject
Subjects and coding features in ordinary main clauses
Subject ellipsis
Coding features in non-main clauses
Switch reference
Reflexivization
Other properties of subjects
Other core grammatical relations
Direct objects and second objects
Indirect objects
Other core relations
Syntactic ergativity
Reconsidering grammatical relations
Mixed syntactic ergativity
The Philippine type
The universal status of a- and p-subjects
Manipuri
Split intransitivity
Conclusion
Suggestions for further reading
Clause types
Introduction
Nonverbal predicates
Types of copulas
Adjectival predicates
Nominal predicates
Equational clauses versus clauses with true nominal predicates
Optional copulas
Locative predicates / existential clauses
Locative copulas
Existential clauses
Existential clauses for expressing predicate possession
Other types of existential clauses
Minor types of clauses with nonverbal predicates
Verbal predicates
Transitive versus intransitive clauses
Ergative versus accusative patterns
Ditransitive clauses
Subtypes of intransitive clauses
Stative versus nonstative clauses
Split intransitivity
Zero-intransitive (or ambient) clauses
Semi-transitive clauses
Clauses with derived verbs
Suggestions for further reading
Speech act distinctions in grammar
Speech acts and sentence types
Declarative sentences
Declaratives in relation to the other basic types
Interaction with evidentiality
Interrogative sentences
Polar interrogatives
Intonational marking
Interrogative particles
Interrogative tags
Disjunctive-negative structures
Change in the order of constituents
Verbal inflection
Constituent interrogatives
Imperative sentences
Positive imperatives
Negative imperatives (prohibitives)
Indirect strategies
Related constructions
Some minor sentence types
Exclamatives
Echo questions
Nonfinite presentatives
Answers to questions
Summary and conclusion
Suggestions for further reading
Passive in the world's languages
Introduction
Passive as a foregrounding and backgrounding operation
Basic passives
General properties of basic passives
The syntactic form of basic passives
Strict morphological passives
Periphrastic passives
The semantics of basic passives
Aspectual differences
Degree of subject affectedness
Non-basic passives
Passives with agent phrases
Agent phrases in non-passive constructions
The form of agent phrases
Passives on non-transitive verbs
Passives on ditransitive verb phrases
Other passives with non-patient subjects
Constructions that resemble passives
Middles
Unspecified subject constructions
Inverses
Antipassives
The functional load of passive in grammars
Suggestions for further reading
A typology of information packaging in the clause
Introduction
On verbal semantics and packaging options
Conceptual events, participants, and perspective
Parameters governing actor choices
Parameters governing undergoer choices
Intransitive verbs and the unaccusative/unergative split
On argument structure and pivots
The nature of argument structure
The notion of pivot
A typology of pivots
On information structure
The discourse status of noun phrases
The information status of noun phrases
The animacy hierarchy
Topics, pivots, and prominence
On voice: clause-internal packaging options
Passive constructions
Foregrounding passives
Backgrounding passives
Summary
Antipassive constructions
Foregrounding antipassives
Backgrounding antipassives
Applicative constructions
Summary of clause-internal packaging constructions
On clause-external packaging options: topicalizations, left dislocations, and right dislocations
Suggestions for further reading
Bibliography
Subject index

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