Understanding Statistics in the Behavioral Sciences

ISBN-10: 0495096385
ISBN-13: 9780495096382
Edition: 8th 2007
Authors: Robert R. Pagano
List price: $184.95
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Description: Based on over 30 years of successful teaching experience in this course, Robert Pagano's introductory text takes an intuitive, concepts-based approach to descriptive and inferential statistics. He uses the sign test to introduce inferential  More...

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Book details

List price: $184.95
Edition: 8th
Copyright year: 2007
Publisher: Wadsworth
Publication date: 6/14/2006
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 600
Size: 8.00" wide x 10.00" long x 1.00" tall
Weight: 2.640
Language: English

Based on over 30 years of successful teaching experience in this course, Robert Pagano's introductory text takes an intuitive, concepts-based approach to descriptive and inferential statistics. He uses the sign test to introduce inferential statistics, empirically derived sampling distributions, many visual aids and lots of interesting examples to promote student understanding. One of the hallmarks of this text is the positive feedback from students?even students who are not mathematically inclined praise the text for its clarity, detailed presentation, and use of humor to help make concepts accessible and memorable. Thorough explanations precede the introduction of every formula?and the exercises that immediately follow include a step-by-step model that lets students compare their work against fully solved examples. This combination makes the text perfect for students taking their first statistics course in psychology or other social and behavioral sciences.

Robert R. Pagano received a Bachelor of Electrical Engineering degree from Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute in 1956 and a Ph.D. in Biological Psychology from Yale University in 1965. He was Assistant Professor and Associate Professor in the Department of Psychology at the University of Washington, Seattle, from 1965 to 1989. He was Associate Chairman of the Department of Neuroscience at the University of Pittsburgh, from 1990 to June 2000. While there, in addition to his other duties, he served as Director of Undergraduate Studies, was the departmental adviser for undergraduate majors, taught both undergraduates and graduate statistics courses, and served as a statistical consultant for departmental faculty. Pagano was also Director of the Statistical Cores for two NIH center grants in schizophrenia and Parkinson's disease. He retired from the University of Pittsburgh in June 2000. Pagano taught introductory statistics courses at the University of Washington and at the University of Pittsburgh for over thirty years combined. While at the University of Washington, he was a finalist for the Outstanding Teaching award for his instruction of introductory statistics.

Overview
Statistics and Scientific Method
Introduction
Methods of Knowing
Definitions
Scientific Research and Statistics
Random Sampling
Descriptive and Inferential Statistics
Using Computers in Statistics
Statistics and the "Real World"
What is the Truth? Data, Data, Where Are the Data?
What is the Truth? Authorities Are Nice, But ...
What is the Truth? Data, Data, What Are the Data?-1
What is the Truth? Data, Data, What Are the Data?-2
Summary
Important Terms
Questions and Problems
Book Companion Website
WebTutor
Descriptive Statistics
Basic Mathematical and Measurement Concepts
Study Hints for the Student
Mathematical Notation
Summation
Measurement Scales: Nominal, Ordinal, Interval, and Ratio Scales
Measurement Scales in the Behavioral Sciences
Continuous and Discrete Variables
Summary
Important Terms
Questions and Problems
Notes
Book Companion Website
WebTutor
Frequency Distributions
Introduction: Ungrouped Frequency Distributions
Grouping Scores
Percentiles
Percentile Rank
Graphing Frequency Distributions
Exploratory Data Analysis
What is the Truth? Stretch the Scale, Change the Tale
Summary
Important Terms
Questions and Problems
Book Companion Website
WebTutor
Measures of Central Tendency and Variability
Introduction
Measures of Central Tendency: Arithmetic Mean, Median, and Mode
Measures of Variability: Range, Standard Deviation, and Variance
Summary
Important Terms
Questions and Problems
Notes
Book Companion Website
WebTutor
The Normal Curve and Standard Scores
Introduction
The Normal Curve
Standard Scores (z Scores)
Summary
Important Terms
Questions and Problems
Book Companion Website
WebTutor
Correlation
Introduction
Relationships
Correlation
What is the Truth? "Good Principal = Good Elementary School," or Does It?
Summary
Important Terms
Questions and Problems
Book Companion Website
WebTutor
Linear Regression
Introduction
Prediction and Imperfect Relationships
Constructing the Least-Squares Regression Line: Regression of Y on X
Regression of X on Y
Measuring Prediction Errors: The Standard Error of Estimate
Considerations in Using Linear Regression for Prediction
Relation Between Regression Constants and Pearson r
Multiple Regression and Multiple Correlation
Summary
Important Terms
Questions and Problems
Book Companion Website
WebTutor
Inferential Statistics
Random Sampling and Probability
Introduction
Random Sampling
Probability
What is the Truth? "Not Guilty, I'm a Victim of Coincidence": Gutsy Plea or Truth?
What is the Truth? Sperm Count Decline-Male or Sampling Inadequacy?
What is the Truth? A Sample of a Sample
Summary
Important Terms
Questions and Problems
Notes
Book Companion Website
WebTutor
Binomial Distribution
Introduction
Definition and Illustration of the Binomial Distribution
Generating the Binomial Distribution from the Binomial Expansion
Using the Binomial Table
Summary
Important Terms
Questions and Problems
Notes
Book Companion Website
WebTutor
Introduction to Hypothesis Testing Using the Sign Test
Introduction
An Experiment: Marijuana and the Treatment of AIDS Patients
Type I and Type II Errors
Alpha Level and the Decision Process
Evaluating the Tail of the Distribution
One- and Two-Tailed Probability Evaluations
Size of Effect: Significant Versus Important
What is the Truth? Chance or Real Effect?-1
What is the Truth? Chance or Real Effect?-2
What is the Truth? "No Product Is Better Than Our Product"
What is the Truth? Anecdotal Reports Versus Systematic Research
Summary
Important Terms
Questions and Problems
Notes
Book Companion Website
WebTutor
Power
Introduction
What Is Power?
P[subscript null] and P[subscript real]
Power Analysis of the AIDS Experiment
Alpha-Beta and Reality
Interpreting Nonsignificant Results
Calculation of Power
What is the Truth? Astrology and Science
Summary
Important Terms
Questions and Problems
Notes
Book Companion Website
WebTutor
Sampling Distributions, Sampling Distribution of the Mean, the Normal Deviate (z) Test
Introduction
Sampling Distributions
The Normal Deviate (z) Test
Summary
Important Terms
Questions and Problems
Book Companion Website
WebTutor
Student's t Test for Single Samples
Introduction
Comparison of the z and t Tests
The Sampling Distribution of t
t and z Distributions Compared
First Word Utterances Experiment Revisited
Calculating t[subscript obt] from Original Scores
Conditions Under Which the t Test Is Appropriate
t Distribution: Confidence Intervals for the Population Mean
Testing the Significance of Pearson r
Summary
Important Terms
Questions and Problems
Notes
Book Companion Website
WebTutor
Student's t Test for Correlated and Independent Groups
Introduction
Student's t Test for Correlated Groups
z and t Tests for Independent Groups
z Test for Independent Groups
Student's t Test for Independent Groups
Power of the t Test
Correlated Groups and Independent Groups Designs Compared
Evaluating the Effect of the Independent Variable Using Confidence Intervals-Independent Groups Design
Summary
Important Terms
Questions and Problems
Notes
Book Companion Website
WebTutor
Introduction to the Analysis of Variance
Introduction: The F Distribution
F Test and the Analysis of Variance (ANOVA)
Overview of the One-Way Analysis of Variance Technique
Analyzing Data with the ANOVA Technique
Logic Underlying the One-Way ANOVA
The Relationship Between the Analysis of Variance and the t Test
Assumptions Underlying the Analysis of Variance
Size of Effect
Power of the Analysis of Variance
Multiple Comparisons
What is the Truth? Much Ado About Almost Nothing
Summary
Important Terms
Questions and Problems
Notes
Book Companion Website
WebTutor
Introduction to Two-Way Analysis of Variance
Introduction to the Two-Way Analysis of Variance-Qualitative Presentation
Quantitative Presentation of the Two-Way Analysis of Variance
Analyzing an Experiment with Two-Way ANOVA
Multiple Comparisons
Assumptions Underlying the Two-Way ANOVA
Summary
Important Terms
Questions and Problems
Book Companion Website
WebTutor
Chi-Square and Other Nonparametric Tests
Introduction: Distinction Between Parametric and Nonparametric Tests
Chi-Square (X[superscript 2])
The Wilcoxon Matched-Pairs Signed Ranks Test
The Mann-Whitney U Test
The Kruskal-Wallis Test
What is the Truth? Statistics and Applied Social Research-Useful or "Abuseful"?
Summary
Important Terms
Questions and Problems
Notes
Book Companion Website
WebTutor
Review of Inferential Statistics
Introduction
Terms and Concepts
Process of Hypothesis Testing
Single Sample Designs
Two-Condition Experiments: Correlated Groups Design
Independent Groups Design: Two Groups
Multigroup Experiments
Two-Way Analysis of Variance, F Test
Analyzing Nominal Data
Choosing the Appropriate Test
Questions and Problems
Book Companion Website
Appendixes
Review of Prerequisite Mathematics
Equations
Answers to End-of-Chapter Questions and Problems
Tables
Glossary
Index

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