Essentials of Physical Anthropology (With Infotrac)

ISBN-10: 0495030619
ISBN-13: 9780495030614
Edition: 6th 2006 (Revised)
List price: $114.95
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Description: This mainstream, four-color physical anthropology text is the best selling text in the brief physical anthropology market. The text presents a balanced, thorough introduction to the field of physical anthropology that also reflects the current state  More...

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Book details

List price: $114.95
Edition: 6th
Copyright year: 2006
Publisher: Wadsworth
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 456
Size: 8.00" wide x 9.75" long x 0.60" tall
Weight: 1.738
Language: English

This mainstream, four-color physical anthropology text is the best selling text in the brief physical anthropology market. The text presents a balanced, thorough introduction to the field of physical anthropology that also reflects the current state of the field. The heredity and evolution chapters (Chapters 1-5) have been expanded and updated to reflect the tremendous advances of molecular biology in all phases of physical anthropology, and the hominid evolution chapters (Chapters 8-11) have been reorganized and reinterpreted to reflect current academic thought springing from recent major finds. To make the text more accessible, the Sixth Edition includes many new visuals that, together with the many charts, helpful tables, multimedia, and engaging writing style, will bring the study of physical anthropology to life for today's student.

Preface
Supplements
Introduction
Introduction
What Is Anthropology?
Cultural Anthropology
Archaeology
Linguistic Anthropology
Physical Anthropology
Physical Anthropology and the Scientific Method
The Anthropological Perspective
Summary
Critical Thinking Questions
Media Resources
Readings of Interest
The Development of Evolutionary Theory
Introduction
A Brief History of Evolutionary Thought
The Scientific Revolution
Precursors to the Theory of Evolution
The Discovery of Natural Selection
Natural Selection
Natural Selection in Action
Constraints on Nineteenth-Century Evolutionary Theory
Opposition to Evolution
Summary
Critical Thinking Questions
Media Resources
Readings of Interest
The Biological Basis for Life
Introduction
The Cell
DNA Structure
DNA Replication
Protein Synthesis
What Is a Gene?
Regulatory Genes
Cell Division: Mitosis and Meiosis
Mitosis
Meiosis
New Frontiers
Summary
Critical Thinking Questions
Media Resources
Readings of Interest
Heredity and Evolution
Introduction
The Genetic Principles Discovered by Mendel
Segregation
Dominance and Recessiveness
Independent Assortment
Mendelian Inheritance in Humans
Misconceptions Regarding Dominance and Recessiveness
Polygenic Inheritance
Genetic and Environmental Factors
Mitochondrial Inheritance
Modern Evolutionary Theory
The Modern Synthesis
A Current Definition of Evolution
Factors That Produce and Redistribute Variation
Mutation
Gene Flow
Genetic Drift and Founder Effect
Recombination
Natural Selection Acts on Variation
Review of Genetics and Evolutionary Factors
Summary
Critical Thinking Questions
Media Resources
Readings of Interest
Macroevolution: Processes of Vertebrate and Mammalian Evolution
Introduction
The Human Place in the Organic World
Principles of Classification
Constructing Classifications and Interpreting Evolutionary Relationships
Definition of Species
Interpretation of Species and Other Groups in the Fossil Record
Vertebrate Evolutionary History: A Brief Summary
Mammalian Evolution
The Emergence of Major Mammalian Groups
Processes of Macroevolution
Adaptive Radiation
Generalized and Specialized Characteristics
Modes of Evolutionary Change
Summary
Critical Thinking Questions
Media Resources
Readings of Interest
An Overview of the Primates
Introduction
Characteristics of Primates
Primate Adaptations
Evolutionary Factors
Geographical Distribution and Habitats
Diet and Teeth
Locomotion
Primate Classification
A Survey of the Living Primates
Prosimians (Lemurs and Lorises)
Tarsiers
Anthropoids (Monkeys, Apes, and Humans)
Hominoids (Apes and Humans)
Humans
Endangered Primates
Summary
Critical Thinking Questions
Media Resources
Readings of Interest
Primate Behavior
Introduction
The Evolution of Behavior
Some Factors That Influence Social Structure
Why Be Social?
Primate Social Behavior
Dominance
Communication
Aggressive Interactions
Affiliation and Altruism
Reproduction and Reproductive Behaviors
Female and Male Reproductive Strategies
Sexual Selection
Infanticide as a Reproductive Strategy?
Mothers, Fathers, and Infants
Primate Cultural Behavior
Language
The Primate Continuum
Summary
Critical Thinking Questions
Media Resources
Readings of Interest
Hominid Origins
Introduction
Early Primate Evolution
Miocene Fossil Hominoids
Definition of Hominid
What's in a Name?
The Bipedal Adaptation
Biocultural Evolution: The Human Capacity for Culture
Paleoanthropology as a Multidisciplinary Science
Dating Methods
Early Hominids from Africa
Earliest Traces: Pre-Australopithecus Finds
Australopithecus from East Africa
Australopithecus afarensis from Laetoli and Hadar
A Contemporaneous Non-Australopithecine Find?
Later East African Australopithecine Finds
Early Homo
South African Hominids
Earliest Discoveries
Further Discoveries of South African Hominids
Review of Hominids from South Africa
Interpretations: What Does It All Mean?
Continuing Uncertainties-Taxonomic Issues
Putting It All Together
Adaptive Patterns of Early African Hominids
Summary
Critical Thinking Questions
Media Resources
Readings of Interest
The Earliest Dispersal of the Genus Homo: Homo erectus and Contemporaries
Introduction
A New Kind of Hominid
The Morphology of Homo erectus
Brain Size
Body Size
Cranial Shape
Dentition
Who Were the Earliest African Emigrants?
The Dmanisi Hominids
Historical Overview of Homo erectus Discoveries
Java
Homo erectus from Java
Peking (Beijing)
Zhoukoudian Homo erectus
Other Chinese Sites
East Africa
Summary of East African Homo erectus/ergaster
North Africa
Europe
Technological and Population Trends in Homo erectus
Technological Trends
Population Trends
Interpretations of Homo erectus: Continuing Uncertainties
Summary
Critical Thinking Questions
Media Resources
Readings of Interest
Premodern Humans
Introduction
When, Where, and What
The Pleistocene
Dispersal of Middle Pleistocene Hominids
Middle Pleistocene Hominids: Terminology
Premodern Humans of the Middle Pleistocene
Africa
Europe
Asia
A Review of Middle Pleistocene Evolution
Middle Pleistocene Culture
Neandertals: Premodern Humans of the Upper Pleistocene
France and Spain
Central Europe
Western Asia
Central Asia
Culture of Neandertals
Technology
Subsistence
Symbolic Behavior
Burials
Genetic Evidence
Trends in Human Evolution: Understanding Premodern Humans
Summary
Critical Thinking Questions
Media Resources
Readings of Interest
The Origin and Dispersal of Modern Humans
Introduction
Approaches to Understanding Modern Human Origins
The Complete Replacement Model (Recent African Evolution)
Partial Replacement Models
The Regional Continuity Model (Multiregional Evolution)
Seeing the Big Picture
The Earliest Discoveries of Modern Humans
Africa
The Near East
Central Europe
Western Europe
Asia
Australia
Something New and Different
Technology and Art in the Upper Paleolithic
Europe
Africa
Summary of Upper Paleolithic Culture
Summary
Critical Thinking Questions
Media Resources
Readings of Interest
Human Variation and Adaptation
Introduction
Historical Views of Human Variation
The Concept of Race
Racism
Intelligence
Contemporary Interpretations of Human Variation
Human Polymorphisms
Polymorphisms at the DNA Level
Human Biocultural Evolution
Population Genetics
The Adaptive Significance of Human Variation
Solar Radiation, Vitamin D, and Skin Color
The Thermal Environment
High Altitude
Infectious Disease
The Continuing Impact of Infectious Disease
Summary
Critical Thinking Questions
Media Resources
Readings of Interest
The Anthropological Perspective on the Human Life Course
Introduction
Fundamentals of Growth and Development
Nutritional Requirements for Growth
Other Factors Influencing Growth and Development
Genetics
Hormones
Environmental Factors
The Human Life Cycle
Pregnancy, Birth, and Infancy
Childhood
Adolescence
Adulthood
Aging
Human Longevity
Individuals, Society, and Evolution
Are We Still Evolving?
Sumary
Critical Thinking Questions
Media Resources
Readings of Interest
Lessons from the Past, Lessons for the Future
Introduction
How Successful Are We?
Humans and the Impact of Culture
The Loss of Biodiversity
The Present Crisis: Our Cultural Heritage?
Overpopulation
The Greenhouse Effect and Global Warming
Looking for Solutions
Summary
Critical Thinking Questions
Media Resources
Readings of Interest
Atlas of Primate Skeletal Anatomy
Summary of Early Hominid Fossil Finds from Africa
Population Genetics
Sexing and Aging the Skeleton
Glossary
Bibliography
Index

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