Subsurface Hydrology

ISBN-10: 0471742430
ISBN-13: 9780471742432
Edition: 2006
List price: $149.00
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Description: Groundwater hydrologythe study of the occurrence, distribution, and movement of water beneath the earth's surfaceinvolves concepts from a number of traditional sciences, including geology, soil science, physics, chemistry, and biology. Examining  More...

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Book details

List price: $149.00
Copyright year: 2006
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons, Incorporated
Publication date: 9/29/2006
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 488
Size: 7.25" wide x 10.25" long x 1.00" tall
Weight: 2.596
Language: English

Groundwater hydrologythe study of the occurrence, distribution, and movement of water beneath the earth's surfaceinvolves concepts from a number of traditional sciences, including geology, soil science, physics, chemistry, and biology. Examining water movement as well as the movement of various kinds of pollutants in the subsurface, this is an in-depth reference to both the science of physical systems and engineering methodology.

GEORGE F. PINDER, PhD, is Director of the Research Center for Groundwater Remediation Design and Professor of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Mathematics, and Computer Science at the University of Vermont. He has published many important articles and books, including Groundwater Modeling Using Geographical Information Systems (Wiley). Dr. Pinder's research focuses on the development and application of applied mathematics, especially numerical mathematics, to solve groundwater contamination and supply problems using computers.MICHAEL A. CELIA, PhD, is Professor and Chair in the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering at Princeton University. Dr. Celia conducts research in the areas of groundwater hydrology, numerical modeling, contaminant transport simulation, and multiphase flow physics.

Preface
Water and the Subsurface Environment
Groundwater Hydrology
Groundwater and the Hydrologic Cycle
Groundwater as a Resource
Groundwater and the Subsurface
The Near-Surface Environment
Soil
Porosity
Primary Porosity
Secondary Porosity
Soil Water
Groundwater Contamination
Naturally Occurring Groundwater Contaminants
Anthropogenic Contaminants
Superfund
Quantitative Analysis of Groundwater Problems
Governing Equations
Field Data
Behavior of Groundwater Systems
Summary
Problems
Bibliography
Fluid Flow and Mass Transport
Fluid Pressure
Hydraulic Head
Fluid Potential
Concept of Saturation
The Darcy Experiment
Extended Forms of Darcy's Law
Example of a Groundwater Flow Velocity Calculation in Two Dimensions
Additional Concepts of Fluid Potential
Fluid Flow and Mass and Energy Fluxes
Convection, Diffusion, and Dispersion
The Phenomena of Adsorption and Retardation
Summary
Problems
Bibliography
The Geologic Setting
Unconsolidated Deposits
Clastic Sedimentary Environment
Precipitate Sedimentary Environment
Glacial Environments
Consolidated Rocks
Metamorphic Rocks
Igneous Rocks
Geologic Time
The Hadean Era
The Archaean Era
Proterozoic Era
Paleozoic Era
Mesozoic Era
Cenozoic Era
Field Investigation
Near-Surface Investigation
Deep Subsurface Investigation
The Hydrogeological Record
The Cross Section
The Contour Map
The Measurement of State Variables
Water-Level Measurements
Solute Concentration Measurements
Summary
Problems
Bibliography
Water Movement in Geological Formations
Conservation of Fluid Mass
Conservation of Fluid Mass in a Porous Medium
Groundwater Flow Equations
The Governing Equation
Parameter Estimates
Boundary Conditions
Initial Conditions
Sources and Sinks
The Free-Surface Condition
Reduction in Dimensionality
Physical Dimensions of the Model
Vertical Integration of the Flow Equation
The Free-Surface Condition in the Areal Model
Salt-Water Intrusion
One-Dimensional Formulation
Cylindrical Coordinates
Summary
Problems
Bibliography
Analytical Solutions for Flow Problems
One-dimensional Flow Problems
Darcy Column Experiments
One-Dimensional Regional Flow
Flow in Radial Coordinates
Two-dimensional Flow Problems
Graphical Solutions
Analytical Solutions in Two Dimensions
Summary
Problems
Bibliography
Well Hydraulics
The Slug Test
Hvorslev Method
Cooper-Bredehoeft-Papadopulos Approach
Pumping Tests
Thiem Method
Theis Method
Cooper-Jacob Method
Papadopulos-Cooper Method
Hantush Leaky Aquitard Method
Neuman Method for Unconfined Aquifers
Theis Recovery Method
Image Well Theory
Summary
Problems
Bibliography
Numerical Solutions of the Groundwater Flow Equation
Introduction to Numerical Method
Polynomial Approximation Theory
Finite-Difference Methods
Finite-Difference Representation of the Groundwater Flow Equation
Finite-Difference Method in Two Space Dimensions
Finite-Element Methods
Galerkin's Method
Two-Dimensional Finite-Element Formulation
Finite-Volume Formulation
Two-Dimensional Finite-Volume Formulation
Finite-Element Method and the Transient Flow Equation
Simulation Under Parameter Uncertainty
Introduction to Probability
Random Fields
The Semivariogram
Kriging
Solving Problems Involving Random Hydraulic Conductivity Fields
Summary
Problems
Bibliography
Contamination of Subsurface Water
Types of Contaminants
Mass Conservation
Mass Conservation in a Porous Medium
The Dispersion Relationship
One-Dimensional Transport
Retardation
Chemical Reactions
Numerical Solution to the Groundwater Transport Equations
Summary
Problems
Bibliography
Groundwater-Surface-Water Interaction
Introduction
Fluid Dynamics Near the Stream
Bank Storage Effects
Influence of Pumping Wells
Hydrograph Separation
Chemical Interaction
Summary
Problems
Bibliography
Remediation
Pump-and-Treat
Inward-Gradient Approach
Risk-Based Approach
Soil Vapor Extraction (SVE)
Air Sparing
Some Basic Chemistry
Oxidation-Reduction Reactions
Organic Chemistry
Permeable Reactive Barriers
Bioremediation
The Process
Bioremediation as a Remediation Concept
Optimal Design of Remediation and Management Strategies
Gradient-Constrained Pump-and-Treat Designs
Risk-Constrained Pump-and-Treat Designs
Summary
Problems
Bibliography
Multifluid Flow and Transport
Problems involving Multiple Fluids
Unsaturated Soils
Nonaqueous-Phase Liquids
Fluid Components and Groundwater Contamination
Governing Equations
Mass Balance Equations
Darcy's Law for Multifluid Flow
Capillary Pressure and Governing Equations
Functional Forms for Relative Permeability and Capillary Pressure
Equation for Solid Phase
Equations for Components Within a Fluid
Equations for Components Within the Solid
Reactions, Mass Transfer, and Source/Sink Terms
The Unsaturated Zone and Richards' Equation
Properties of Air and Water and Richards' Assumption
Richards' Equation for Water Flow
Water and Air Dynamics in the Unsaturated Zone
Plant Roots and Evapotranspiration
Solution Methods: Multifluid Flow Equations
Simplified Solutions for Unsaturated Flow
Numerical Solution of Richards' Equation
Analytical Solutions for Two-Fluid Flow: The Buckley-Leverett Solution
Numerical Solutions for Two-Fluid Systems
Summary
Problems
Bibliography
Index

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