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Analysis and Performance of Fiber Composites

ISBN-10: 0471511528
ISBN-13: 9780471511526
Edition: 2nd 1990 (Revised)
List price: $175.00
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Description: Having fully established themselves as workable engineering materials, composite materials are now increasingly commonplace around the world. Serves as both a text and reference guide to the behavior of composite materials in different engineering  More...

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Book details

List price: $175.00
Edition: 2nd
Copyright year: 1990
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons, Incorporated
Publication date: 10/8/1990
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 472
Size: 6.50" wide x 9.75" long x 1.00" tall
Weight: 1.694
Language: English

Having fully established themselves as workable engineering materials, composite materials are now increasingly commonplace around the world. Serves as both a text and reference guide to the behavior of composite materials in different engineering applications. Revised for this Second Edition, the text includes a general discussion of composites as material, practical aspects of design and performance, and further analysis that will be helpful to those engaged in research on composites. Each chapter closes with references for further reading and a set of problems that will be useful in developing a better understanding of the subject.

Bhagwan D. Agarwal is currently an independent consultant. He has been the vice-president of engineering services at Bodycote Polymer-Broutman Laboratory and professor of mechanical engineering and dean of research and development at the Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur. The author of over 70 technical research papers, he has also contributed to several scientific books and holds two U.S. patents.Lawrence J. Broutman is currently an independent consultant. After serving as professor of materials engineering at the Illinois Institute of Technology, he founded L.J. Broutman & Associates, a private consulting company. An author of books and technical papers, as well as coeditor of an eight-volume reference set, he holds four U.S. patents.K. Chandrashekhara is Professor of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering and Director of the Composite Manufacturing Laboratory at the University of Missouri-Rolla. The author of over 150 technical papers and contributor to several scientific books, he is a Fellow of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers and an Associate Fellow of the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics.

Preface
Introduction.
Definition
Characteristics
Classification
Particulate Composites
Fiber-Reinforced Composites
Applications of Fiber Composites
Exercise Problems
References
Fibers, Matrices, and Fabrication of Composites.
Advanced Fibers
Glass Fibers
Carbon and Graphite Fibers
Aramid Fibers
Boron Fibers
Other Fibers
Matrix Materials
Polymers
Metals
Fabrication of Composites
Fabrication of Thermosetting Resin Matrix Composites
Fabrication of Thermoplastic-Resin Matrix Composites (Short-Fiber Composites
Fabrication of Metal Matrix Composites
Fabrication of Ceramic Matrix Composites
Suggested Reading
Behavior of Unidirectional Composites.
Introduction
Nomenclature
Volume and Weight Fractions
Longitudinal Behavior of Unidirectional Composites
Initial Stiffness
Load Sharing
Behavior beyond Initial Deformation
Failure Mechanism and Strength
Factors Influencing Longitudinal Strength and Stiffness
Transverse Stiffness and Strength
Constant-Stress Model
Elasticity Methods of Stiffness Prediction
Halpin-Tsai Equations for Transverse Modulus
Transverse Strength
Prediction of Shear Modulus
Prediction of Poisson's Ratio
Failure Modes
Failure under Longitudinal Tensile Loads
Failure under Longitudinal Compressive Loads
Failure under Transverse Tensile Loads
Failure under Transverse Compressive Loads
Failure under In-Plane Shear Loads
Expansion Coefficients and Transport Properties
Thermal Expansion Coefficients
Moisture Expansion Coefficients
Transport Properties
Mass Diffusion
Typical Unidirectional Fiber Composite Properties
Exercise Problems
References
Short-Fiber Composites.
Introduction
Theories of Stress Transfer
Approximate Analysis of Stress Transfer
Stress Distributions from Finite-Element Analysis
Average Fiber Stress
Modulus and Strength of Short-Fiber Composites
Prediction of Modulus
Prediction of Strength
Effect of Matrix Ductility
Ribbon-Reinforced Composites
Exercise Problems
References
Analysis of an Orthotropic Lamina.
Introduction
Orthotropic Materials
Stress-Strain Relations and Engineering Constants
Stress-Strain Relations for Specially Orthotropic Lamina
Stress-Strain Relations for Generally Orthotropic Lamina
Transformation of Engineering Constants
Hooke's Law and Stiffness and Compliance Matrices
General Anisotropic Material
Specially Orthotropic Material
Transversely Isotropic Material
Isotropic Material
Specially Orthotropic Material under Plane Stress
Compliance Tensor and Compliance Matrix
Relations between Engineering Constants and Elements of Stiffness and Compliance Matrices
Restrictions on Elastic Constants
Transformation of Stiffness and Compliance Matrices
Invariant Forms of Stiffness and Compliance Matrices
Strengths of an Orthotropic Lamina
Maximum-Stress Theory
Maximum-Strain Theory
Maximum-Work Theory
Importance of Sign of Shear Stress on Strength of Composites
Exercise Problems
References
Analysis of Laminated Composites.
Introduction
Laminate Strains
Variation of Stresses in a Laminate
Resultant Forces and Moments: Synthesis of Stiffness Matrix
Laminate Description System
Construction and Properties of Special Laminates
Symmetric Laminates
Unidirectional, Cross-Ply, and Angle-Ply Laminates
Quasi-isotropic Laminates
Determination of Laminae Stresses and Strains
Analysis of Laminates after Initial Failure
Hygrothermal Stresses in Laminates
Concepts of Thermal Stresses
Hygrothermal Stress Calculations
Laminate Analysis Through Computers
Exercise Problems
References
Analysis of Laminated Plates and Beams.
Introduction
Governing Equations for Plates
Equilibrium Equations
Equilibrium Equations in Terms of Displacements
Application of Plate Theory
Bending
Buckling
Free Vibrations
Deformations Due to Transverse Shear
First-Order Shear Deformation Theory
Higher-Order Shear Deformation Theory
Analysis of Laminated Beams
Governing Equations for Laminated Beams
Application of Beam Theory
Exercise Problems
References
Advanced Topics in Fiber Composites.
Interlaminar Stresses and Free-Edge Effects
Concepts of Interlaminar Stresses
Determination of Interlaminar Stresses
Effect of Stacking Sequence on Interlaminar Stresses
Approximate Solutions for Interlaminar Stresses
Summary
Fracture Mechanics of Fiber Composites
Introduction
Fracture Mechanics Concepts and Measures of Fracture Toughness
Fracture Toughness of Composite Laminates
Whitney-Nuismer Failure Criteria for Notched Composites
Joints for Composite Structures
Adhesively Bonded Joints
Mechanically Fastened Joints
Bonded-Fastened Joints
Exercise Problems
References
Performance of Fiber Composites: Fatigue, Impact, and Environmental Effects.
Fatigue
Introduction
Fatigue Damage
Factors Influencing Fatigue Behavior of Composites
Empirical Relations for Fatigue Damage and Fatigue Life
Fatigue of High-Modulus Fiber-Reinforced Composites
Fatigue of Short-Fiber Composites
Impact
Introduction and Fracture Process
Energy-Absorbing Mechanisms and Failure Models
Effect of Materials and Testing Variables on Impact Properties
Hybrid Composites and Their Impact Strength
Damage Due to Low-Velocity Impact
Environmental-Interaction Effects
Fiber Strength
Matrix Effects
Exercise Problems
References
Experimental Characterization of Composites.
Introduction
Measurement of Physical Properties
Density
Constituent Weight and Volume Fractions
Void Volume Fraction
Thermal Expansion Coefficients
Moisture Absorption and Diffusivity
Moisture Expansion Coefficients
Measurement of Mechanical Properties
Properties in Tension
Properties in Compression
In-Place Shear Properties
Flexural Properties
Measures of In-Plane Fracture Toughness
Interlaminar Shear Strength and Fracture Toughness
Impact Properties
Damage Identification Using Nondestructive Evaluation Techniques
Ultrasonics
Acoustic Emission
x-Radiography
Thermography
Laser Shearography
General Remarks on Characterization
Exercise Problems
References
Emerging Composite Materials.
Nanocomposites
Carbon-Carbon Composites
Biocomposites
Biofibers
Wood-Plastic Composites (WPCs
Biopolymers
Composites in ''Smart'' Structures
Suggested Reading
Matrices and Tensors.
Equations of Theory of Elasticity.
Laminate Orientation Code.
Properties of Fiber Composites.
Computer Programs for Laminate Analysis.
Index.

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